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Home » Publications » Surveillance Reports » Surveillance Report #116
Table 3. NSDUH: Mean frequency of drinking in the past 30 days, by age, sex, and race/Hispanic origin,1 among current drinkers ages 12–20, United States, 1991–2019 (based on 3-year moving averages).2
Sex,
Race/Hispanic origin,
and year
Age
12–20 12–14 15–17 18–20
Days S.E. Days S.E. Days S.E. Days S.E.
Both sexes, all races
2017–2019 4.44 0.09 2.41 0.15 3.38 0.08 5.00 0.12
2016–2018 4.57 0.07 2.61 0.19 3.39 0.10 5.14 0.10
2015–2017 4.68 0.08 2.99 0.23 3.48 0.11 5.26 0.10
2014–2016 4.82 0.07 3.33 0.23 3.58 0.10 5.40 0.09
2013–2015 4.93 0.08 3.37 0.20 3.66 0.09 5.53 0.10
2012–2014 4.98 0.08 3.35 0.22 3.77 0.09 5.59 0.10
2011–2013 5.09 0.08 3.42 0.22 3.98 0.07 5.67 0.11
2010–2012 5.25 0.07 3.29 0.18 4.22 0.08 5.83 0.09
2009–2011 5.47 0.07 3.27 0.14 4.41 0.09 6.07 0.09
2008–2010 5.63 0.07 3.21 0.16 4.47 0.09 6.32 0.10
2007–2009 5.71 0.06 3.45 0.17 4.55 0.09 6.43 0.08
2006–2008 5.78 0.05 3.55 0.13 4.61 0.07 6.56 0.07
2005–2007 5.84 0.06 3.62 0.14 4.73 0.07 6.61 0.09
2004–2006 5.90 0.07 3.71 0.16 4.80 0.07 6.70 0.10
2003–2005 5.85 0.06 3.72 0.16 4.79 0.08 6.66 0.08
2002–2004 5.86 0.06 3.87 0.16 4.88 0.07 6.64 0.08
2001–2003 5.91 0.06 3.80 0.18 4.99 0.07 6.66 0.07
2000–2002 5.92 0.06 3.70 0.16 5.08 0.08 6.63 0.08
1999–2001 5.92 0.06 3.63 0.13 4.98 0.08 6.67 0.09
1998–2000 5.76 0.09 3.72 0.16 4.84 0.10 6.48 0.12
1997–1999 5.66 0.13 4.30 0.30 4.74 0.13 6.32 0.18
1996–1998 5.46 0.15 4.36 0.35 4.55 0.16 6.12 0.20
1995–1997 5.30 0.11 4.86 0.41 4.37 0.14 5.91 0.17
1994–1996 5.06 0.13 4.20 0.33 4.07 0.14 5.70 0.19
1993–1995 5.00 0.13 4.09 0.34 4.07 0.15 5.58 0.20
1992–1994 4.94 0.14 3.36 0.27 3.97 0.15 5.58 0.20
1991–1993 5.18 0.13 3.20 0.31 4.35 0.16 5.77 0.19
Both sexes, non-Hispanic White
2017–2019 4.70 0.11 2.43 0.18 3.55 0.10 5.30 0.16
2016–2018 4.88 0.10 2.66 0.28 3.55 0.12 5.53 0.14
2015–2017 5.01 0.10 3.22 0.38 3.64 0.15 5.66 0.14
2014–2016 5.15 0.09 3.72 0.38 3.69 0.11 5.82 0.12
2013–2015 5.24 0.09 3.63 0.30 3.77 0.11 5.96 0.11
2012–2014 5.28 0.09 3.57 0.26 3.87 0.10 6.00 0.12
2011–2013 5.41 0.10 3.54 0.24 4.14 0.09 6.08 0.12
2010–2012 5.55 0.09 3.39 0.21 4.39 0.10 6.18 0.11
2009–2011 5.78 0.09 3.45 0.20 4.58 0.11 6.43 0.12
2008–2010 5.93 0.09 3.43 0.22 4.59 0.10 6.67 0.12
2007–2009 6.03 0.08 3.62 0.24 4.70 0.10 6.81 0.11
2006–2008 6.09 0.07 3.80 0.19 4.78 0.09 6.93 0.10
2005–2007 6.14 0.07 3.84 0.17 4.90 0.09 6.98 0.10
2004–2006 6.15 0.08 3.84 0.17 4.92 0.09 7.02 0.11
2003–2005 6.08 0.07 3.61 0.14 4.95 0.09 6.95 0.10
2002–2004 6.06 0.07 3.69 0.16 5.04 0.08 6.90 0.10
2001–2003 6.14 0.07 3.74 0.19 5.15 0.08 6.97 0.09
2000–2002 6.14 0.07 3.76 0.19 5.13 0.10 6.96 0.09
1999–2001 6.13 0.08 3.77 0.15 5.02 0.10 6.99 0.10
1998–2000 5.92 0.11 3.80 0.18 4.88 0.13 6.71 0.14
1997–1999 5.75 0.16 4.31 0.40 4.68 0.16 6.49 0.22
1996–1998 5.50 0.18 4.29 0.47 4.38 0.18 6.28 0.25
1995–1997 5.28 0.14 4.57 0.47 4.12 0.16 6.07 0.22
1994–1996 5.09 0.16 3.84 0.34 3.98 0.16 5.85 0.24
1993–1995 5.05 0.16 3.75 0.36 4.06 0.17 5.71 0.23
1992–1994 5.06 0.17 3.16 0.32 4.00 0.18 5.75 0.24
1991–1993 5.29 0.16 3.37 0.45 4.28 0.20 5.92 0.22
Both sexes, non-Hispanic Black
2017–2019 3.77 0.20 #2.81 0.74 2.63 0.17 4.25 0.27
2016–2018 4.08 0.22 #2.60 0.58 2.77 0.20 4.63 0.29
2015–2017 3.98 0.19 2.24 0.37 2.64 0.19 4.55 0.26
2014–2016 3.92 0.17 1.90 0.18 2.51 0.17 4.57 0.24
2013–2015 4.00 0.17 2.44 0.39 2.72 0.19 4.57 0.24
2012–2014 4.23 0.17 #3.33 0.90 2.85 0.19 4.81 0.23
2011–2013 4.27 0.16 #3.66 0.82 3.14 0.20 4.77 0.23
2010–2012 4.38 0.14 #3.57 0.76 3.06 0.17 5.00 0.21
2009–2011 4.48 0.17 3.26 0.45 3.17 0.17 5.11 0.24
2008–2010 4.75 0.18 3.09 0.37 3.29 0.18 5.45 0.24
2007–2009 4.69 0.15 2.93 0.31 3.50 0.18 5.33 0.19
2006–2008 4.51 0.15 2.80 0.25 3.50 0.17 5.13 0.21
2005–2007 4.52 0.16 2.86 0.30 3.72 0.25 5.10 0.23
2004–2006 4.71 0.17 3.03 0.35 3.73 0.24 5.38 0.25
2003–2005 4.83 0.18 3.11 0.36 3.62 0.26 5.59 0.26
2002–2004 4.85 0.18 3.47 0.47 3.97 0.27 5.39 0.26
2001–2003 4.93 0.15 3.41 0.49 4.31 0.28 5.38 0.21
2000–2002 5.21 0.16 3.39 0.45 5.06 0.30 5.47 0.21
1999–2001 5.38 0.17 3.11 0.41 4.78 0.33 5.84 0.22
1998–2000 5.38 0.21 #3.95 0.77 4.81 0.36 5.76 0.25
1997–1999 5.42 0.32 4.91 0.61 4.70 0.34 5.81 0.42
1996–1998 5.35 0.34 5.06 0.61 4.95 0.36 5.58 0.47
1995–1997 5.09 0.33 4.91 0.85 4.76 0.36 5.30 0.49
1994–1996 4.94 0.24 4.91 0.62 4.13 0.34 5.39 0.38
1993–1995 4.91 0.27 4.66 0.62 4.10 0.37 5.38 0.45
1992–1994 4.82 0.27 4.32 0.64 3.92 0.35 5.33 0.43
1991–1993 5.10 0.28 2.23 0.26 5.04 0.43 5.44 0.39
Both sexes, Hispanic
2017–2019 4.07 0.17 2.49 0.33 3.20 0.25 4.54 0.23
2016–2018 3.97 0.14 2.79 0.41 3.15 0.15 4.37 0.19
2015–2017 4.19 0.13 3.03 0.48 3.39 0.18 4.59 0.16
2014–2016 4.52 0.16 3.40 0.47 3.80 0.24 4.88 0.22
2013–2015 4.72 0.16 3.26 0.40 3.86 0.24 5.14 0.20
2012–2014 4.72 0.16 2.86 0.34 4.08 0.23 5.13 0.20
2011–2013 4.75 0.16 2.93 0.33 4.14 0.20 5.16 0.20
2010–2012 4.90 0.16 2.75 0.29 4.45 0.20 5.31 0.23
2009–2011 5.04 0.15 2.77 0.23 4.64 0.21 5.46 0.22
2008–2010 5.13 0.13 2.76 0.23 4.70 0.23 5.61 0.19
2007–2009 5.14 0.13 3.20 0.25 4.57 0.20 5.68 0.16
2006–2008 5.38 0.16 3.20 0.25 4.54 0.18 6.13 0.21
2005–2007 5.44 0.15 3.40 0.40 4.58 0.15 6.16 0.23
2004–2006 5.68 0.17 3.60 0.45 4.85 0.24 6.44 0.25
2003–2005 5.62 0.17 3.91 0.51 4.78 0.23 6.32 0.23
2002–2004 5.69 0.19 3.92 0.46 4.74 0.22 6.51 0.25
2001–2003 5.55 0.19 3.69 0.36 4.81 0.24 6.23 0.27
2000–2002 5.42 0.17 3.40 0.29 5.11 0.24 5.92 0.26
1999–2001 5.41 0.12 3.29 0.30 5.16 0.22 5.87 0.19
1998–2000 5.50 0.17 3.23 0.26 5.02 0.27 6.18 0.26
1997–1999 5.66 0.20 4.21 0.60 5.11 0.29 6.24 0.30
1996–1998 5.55 0.23 4.57 0.64 5.06 0.34 6.01 0.31
1995–1997 5.42 0.24 5.47 0.83 4.97 0.34 5.69 0.34
1994–1996 5.02 0.23 4.16 0.59 4.65 0.45 5.34 0.32
1993–1995 4.99 0.22 3.91 0.59 4.53 0.46 5.39 0.34
1992–1994 4.76 0.22 3.18 0.46 4.44 0.47 5.17 0.33
1991–1993 4.93 0.21 3.44 0.48 4.48 0.26 5.45 0.34
Both sexes, non-Hispanic Native American/Alaska Native
2017–2019 4.24 0.49 1.47 0.22 4.19 0.57 4.65 0.73
2016–2018 3.71 0.46 3.15 0.26 4.23 0.71
2015–2017 4.40 0.47 1.21 0.15 #3.06 0.64 5.54 0.85
2014–2016 4.26 0.44 #3.26 0.85 5.11 0.60
2013–2015 4.66 0.64 #3.82 1.03 5.33 0.87
2012–2014 4.70 0.68 #4.02 1.00 #4.87 0.88
2011–2013 5.02 0.70 #7.02 2.59 #4.27 0.94 #5.22 0.98
2010–2012 5.67 0.75 #6.26 2.24 3.59 0.52 6.50 1.11
2009–2011 6.52 0.88 #4.21 1.43 4.20 0.63 7.76 1.18
2008–2010 6.41 0.82 #3.26 0.83 4.24 0.58 7.66 1.13
2007–2009 6.54 1.00 #4.63 2.23 #7.01 1.82 6.55 0.86
2006–2008 5.80 0.87 #3.35 1.30 #6.94 1.76 5.79 0.72
2005–2007 6.20 0.90 #3.25 1.39 #7.65 1.64 6.13 0.84
2004–2006 6.12 0.83 #3.83 1.68 #7.08 1.65 6.22 0.81
2003–2005 6.19 0.69 #6.98 2.26 #6.66 1.48 5.78 0.75
2002–2004 5.57 0.47 #8.05 2.03 #5.88 1.22 4.95 0.59
2001–2003 5.57 0.72 #5.59 1.06 #6.41 1.68 4.89 0.55
2000–2002 5.70 0.74 #3.90 0.84 #6.62 1.60 5.25 0.67
1999–2001 #5.42 0.96 3.21 0.53 #6.69 1.87 4.72 0.69
Both sexes, non-Hispanic Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Other Pacific Islander
2017–2019 3.80 0.31 #1.54 0.34 3.00 0.48 4.15 0.36
2016–2018 4.02 0.28 #1.53 0.31 3.29 0.49 4.38 0.34
2015–2017 3.91 0.21 #2.29 0.72 #3.35 0.61 4.14 0.21
2014–2016 3.86 0.24 #3.24 0.57 4.05 0.29
2013–2015 3.63 0.22 #3.55 1.04 2.82 0.32 3.88 0.27
2012–2014 3.59 0.20 #1.81 0.58 2.72 0.24 3.94 0.26
2011–2013 3.85 0.24 1.18 0.10 2.84 0.30 4.34 0.29
2010–2012 3.95 0.21 1.30 0.13 3.43 0.36 4.26 0.25
2009–2011 4.36 0.22 1.60 0.26 3.78 0.39 4.64 0.28
2008–2010 4.48 0.27 #1.71 0.34 3.79 0.40 4.78 0.31
2007–2009 4.63 0.32 #2.34 0.91 3.33 0.35 5.17 0.41
2006–2008 4.87 0.35 #2.29 0.74 3.63 0.37 5.34 0.43
2005–2007 4.56 0.33 #2.17 0.52 3.63 0.38 5.03 0.44
2004–2006 4.50 0.34 #3.51 1.16 3.67 0.39 4.84 0.42
2003–2005 4.64 0.37 #6.42 2.45 3.19 0.32 4.96 0.44
2002–2004 5.02 0.37 #8.43 2.63 3.12 0.29 5.44 0.44
2001–2003 4.96 0.36 #7.59 4.89 3.35 0.35 5.44 0.43
2000–2002 4.28 0.26 #3.35 1.19 3.15 0.31 4.80 0.38
1999–2001 4.02 0.26 #3.14 1.30 3.52 0.35 4.30 0.36
Both sexes, non-Hispanic more than one race
2017–2019 4.23 0.31 #2.25 0.51 3.16 0.36 4.99 0.44
2016–2018 4.01 0.28 #2.37 0.58 3.16 0.38 4.71 0.39
2015–2017 4.44 0.30 2.03 0.35 3.39 0.36 5.18 0.40
2014–2016 4.45 0.35 1.89 0.23 3.58 0.37 5.07 0.43
2013–2015 4.72 0.33 2.08 0.22 3.94 0.32 5.21 0.43
2012–2014 4.72 0.25 #4.30 0.95 3.61 0.29 5.23 0.33
2011–2013 4.91 0.31 #5.90 1.65 3.70 0.23 5.42 0.40
2010–2012 5.34 0.32 #5.57 1.47 3.57 0.27 6.16 0.52
2009–2011 5.64 0.35 #3.97 1.48 4.24 0.42 6.55 0.57
2008–2010 6.16 0.37 2.49 0.36 5.13 0.55 7.04 0.55
2007–2009 5.95 0.33 #3.26 0.62 4.95 0.55 6.73 0.48
2006–2008 5.90 0.31 4.12 0.64 4.64 0.46 6.75 0.44
2005–2007 6.19 0.31 4.52 0.69 5.20 0.67 6.91 0.43
2004–2006 6.39 0.45 4.36 0.67 5.80 0.62 7.06 0.67
2003–2005 5.98 0.41 4.60 0.67 5.65 0.56 6.41 0.60
2002–2004 6.05 0.46 #6.70 2.75 4.99 0.44 6.58 0.64
2001–2003 5.96 0.37 #6.46 2.84 4.32 0.42 6.78 0.57
2000–2002 6.16 0.54 #6.00 3.24 4.29 0.48 7.20 0.81
1999–2001 5.77 0.57 #3.06 0.55 3.97 0.52 7.10 0.95
Male, all races
2017–2019 4.86 0.13 2.69 0.33 3.61 0.15 5.42 0.17
2016–2018 4.97 0.11 2.88 0.41 3.55 0.17 5.58 0.15
2015–2017 5.01 0.10 3.32 0.45 3.72 0.17 5.57 0.15
2014–2016 5.09 0.11 3.53 0.39 3.75 0.13 5.68 0.16
2013–2015 5.22 0.12 3.42 0.30 3.85 0.13 5.84 0.15
2012–2014 5.30 0.10 3.15 0.24 3.89 0.13 5.99 0.13
2011–2013 5.43 0.09 3.13 0.21 4.18 0.11 6.09 0.12
2010–2012 5.67 0.10 3.02 0.18 4.42 0.11 6.35 0.13
2009–2011 5.96 0.11 3.18 0.20 4.57 0.12 6.70 0.15
2008–2010 6.20 0.11 3.39 0.22 4.55 0.12 7.04 0.15
2007–2009 6.33 0.08 3.61 0.25 4.73 0.11 7.22 0.11
2006–2008 6.44 0.07 3.87 0.25 4.87 0.11 7.35 0.11
2005–2007 6.56 0.09 3.82 0.29 5.18 0.13 7.42 0.12
2004–2006 6.64 0.10 4.08 0.32 5.27 0.13 7.53 0.13
2003–2005 6.63 0.08 4.05 0.28 5.27 0.12 7.53 0.12
2002–2004 6.68 0.08 4.08 0.28 5.32 0.12 7.62 0.12
2001–2003 6.79 0.09 3.84 0.25 5.45 0.11 7.76 0.12
2000–2002 6.77 0.09 3.75 0.25 5.58 0.12 7.68 0.13
1999–2001 6.73 0.10 3.76 0.21 5.46 0.12 7.68 0.14
1998–2000 6.54 0.14 4.18 0.27 5.37 0.17 7.37 0.19
1997–1999 6.58 0.19 4.82 0.45 5.31 0.20 7.42 0.26
1996–1998 6.53 0.22 5.20 0.55 5.27 0.25 7.33 0.31
1995–1997 6.46 0.18 5.35 0.59 5.14 0.21 7.33 0.26
1994–1996 6.08 0.19 4.65 0.47 4.77 0.22 6.87 0.28
1993–1995 5.97 0.20 4.57 0.53 4.76 0.25 6.68 0.27
1992–1994 5.75 0.20 3.93 0.54 4.47 0.24 6.46 0.27
1991–1993 5.86 0.19 3.77 0.52 4.77 0.26 6.55 0.27
Male, non-Hispanic White
2017–2019 5.22 0.16 2.56 0.33 3.81 0.19 5.89 0.22
2016–2018 5.43 0.15 #2.82 0.52 3.80 0.24 6.17 0.22
2015–2017 5.52 0.15 3.74 0.63 4.01 0.25 6.17 0.22
2014–2016 5.56 0.14 4.03 0.61 3.94 0.17 6.27 0.20
2013–2015 5.65 0.14 3.84 0.42 3.98 0.16 6.43 0.18
2012–2014 5.60 0.12 3.50 0.29 3.92 0.16 6.42 0.15
2011–2013 5.73 0.12 3.51 0.28 4.29 0.14 6.47 0.15
2010–2012 5.97 0.12 3.37 0.29 4.60 0.13 6.67 0.16
2009–2011 6.32 0.14 3.45 0.25 4.74 0.16 7.11 0.19
2008–2010 6.53 0.14 3.65 0.31 4.58 0.16 7.46 0.18
2007–2009 6.66 0.12 3.72 0.34 4.76 0.14 7.66 0.16
2006–2008 6.73 0.11 4.13 0.35 4.91 0.13 7.75 0.14
2005–2007 6.84 0.11 4.06 0.33 5.27 0.16 7.77 0.14
2004–2006 6.86 0.11 4.17 0.33 5.26 0.14 7.87 0.14
2003–2005 6.85 0.09 3.84 0.27 5.31 0.13 7.88 0.14
2002–2004 6.86 0.09 3.90 0.29 5.39 0.12 7.91 0.14
2001–2003 7.04 0.10 3.76 0.28 5.54 0.12 8.15 0.14
2000–2002 6.98 0.11 3.80 0.28 5.59 0.15 8.02 0.13
1999–2001 6.93 0.12 3.80 0.24 5.43 0.15 8.03 0.16
1998–2000 6.63 0.17 4.15 0.28 5.36 0.20 7.55 0.23
1997–1999 6.55 0.23 4.59 0.56 5.16 0.22 7.49 0.32
1996–1998 6.51 0.27 4.94 0.68 5.01 0.27 7.47 0.38
1995–1997 6.45 0.23 5.15 0.68 4.75 0.25 7.57 0.35
1994–1996 6.17 0.25 4.60 0.57 4.51 0.25 7.17 0.35
1993–1995 6.05 0.25 4.59 0.67 4.62 0.30 6.89 0.34
1992–1994 5.86 0.25 #3.99 0.72 4.44 0.30 6.64 0.33
1991–1993 5.97 0.24 #3.93 0.74 4.73 0.34 6.70 0.33
Male, non-Hispanic Black
2017–2019 3.98 0.35 #1.98 0.52 2.64 0.33 4.49 0.44
2016–2018 4.30 0.40 #1.75 0.42 2.70 0.36 4.83 0.46
2015–2017 4.13 0.30 #2.20 0.45 2.75 0.31 4.65 0.39
2014–2016 4.03 0.27 #1.90 0.37 2.54 0.21 4.62 0.37
2013–2015 4.11 0.25 2.39 0.41 2.89 0.32 4.63 0.32
2012–2014 4.29 0.22 #1.94 0.36 3.01 0.33 4.88 0.26
2011–2013 4.44 0.21 #2.60 0.50 3.35 0.35 4.96 0.27
2010–2012 4.73 0.20 2.48 0.39 3.17 0.25 5.47 0.29
2009–2011 4.94 0.28 #3.34 0.68 3.21 0.24 5.65 0.35
2008–2010 5.38 0.27 #3.26 0.62 3.50 0.22 6.19 0.34
2007–2009 5.46 0.25 #3.08 0.62 3.87 0.27 6.24 0.31
2006–2008 5.27 0.24 2.92 0.44 4.09 0.31 5.97 0.34
2005–2007 5.30 0.27 2.94 0.40 4.33 0.41 5.98 0.37
2004–2006 5.47 0.29 3.57 0.56 4.38 0.41 6.14 0.41
2003–2005 5.69 0.31 3.45 0.59 4.21 0.41 6.55 0.44
2002–2004 5.73 0.29 3.92 0.64 4.53 0.43 6.39 0.42
2001–2003 5.85 0.26 #3.46 0.64 4.84 0.47 6.49 0.32
2000–2002 6.17 0.29 #3.55 0.71 5.74 0.52 6.58 0.35
1999–2001 6.26 0.28 #3.07 0.63 5.28 0.54 6.88 0.33
1998–2000 6.34 0.31 #4.98 1.40 5.17 0.54 6.85 0.36
1997–1999 6.76 0.52 6.26 0.95 4.75 0.47 7.64 0.69
1996–1998 6.89 0.56 6.94 0.95 5.26 0.50 7.64 0.79
1995–1997 6.56 0.55 #6.70 1.42 5.22 0.52 7.34 0.85
1994–1996 6.22 0.41 #5.77 1.03 5.13 0.59 6.81 0.60
1993–1995 6.14 0.43 #5.38 1.02 5.10 0.70 6.73 0.66
1992–1994 5.90 0.43 #4.65 0.97 4.72 0.65 6.57 0.63
1991–1993 5.85 0.41 #2.88 0.53 5.32 0.60 6.44 0.56
Male, Hispanic
2017–2019 4.31 0.25 #3.24 0.72 3.45 0.48 4.68 0.31
2016–2018 4.10 0.19 #3.37 0.79 3.21 0.24 4.43 0.25
2015–2017 4.11 0.17 #2.73 0.56 3.26 0.26 4.47 0.22
2014–2016 4.38 0.22 #3.23 0.65 3.71 0.24 4.70 0.29
2013–2015 4.76 0.22 #2.98 0.57 3.94 0.27 5.17 0.28
2012–2014 5.20 0.24 #2.70 0.53 4.39 0.35 5.68 0.29
2011–2013 5.34 0.24 2.40 0.29 4.51 0.34 5.89 0.29
2010–2012 5.49 0.24 2.44 0.32 4.74 0.30 6.05 0.32
2009–2011 5.54 0.21 2.71 0.29 4.85 0.22 6.11 0.32
2008–2010 5.62 0.18 2.98 0.38 4.90 0.24 6.25 0.26
2007–2009 5.72 0.17 3.52 0.45 4.98 0.22 6.34 0.24
2006–2008 6.09 0.21 3.60 0.49 5.07 0.25 6.84 0.31
2005–2007 6.26 0.23 #3.70 0.70 5.26 0.25 6.95 0.35
2004–2006 6.56 0.25 #3.89 0.83 5.75 0.40 7.23 0.37
2003–2005 6.47 0.26 #4.66 0.94 5.73 0.40 7.01 0.35
2002–2004 6.58 0.31 4.40 0.75 5.48 0.42 7.40 0.42
2001–2003 6.39 0.32 4.38 0.64 5.37 0.37 7.09 0.44
2000–2002 6.28 0.25 3.75 0.38 5.64 0.33 6.93 0.37
1999–2001 6.33 0.19 4.05 0.50 5.93 0.33 6.80 0.29
1998–2000 6.66 0.25 3.82 0.54 5.98 0.44 7.36 0.38
1997–1999 6.96 0.32 #5.32 1.11 6.22 0.48 7.57 0.43
1996–1998 6.59 0.35 #5.75 1.23 6.06 0.55 6.98 0.42
1995–1997 6.23 0.36 #6.00 1.35 5.91 0.52 6.43 0.48
1994–1996 5.64 0.33 #4.02 0.81 5.47 0.61 5.81 0.43
1993–1995 5.72 0.31 #3.97 0.92 5.22 0.55 6.04 0.42
1992–1994 5.47 0.30 #3.46 0.79 4.76 0.54 5.90 0.41
1991–1993 5.59 0.28 #4.01 0.76 4.85 0.36 6.17 0.41
Male, non-Hispanic Native American/Alaska Native
2017–2019 4.79 0.76 4.38 0.74 #5.27 1.09
2016–2018 #4.04 0.82 3.00 0.50 #4.75 1.29
2015–2017 5.72 0.99 #3.93 1.20 #6.83 1.70
2014–2016 5.95 0.80 #5.51 1.63 #6.21 1.17
2013–2015 5.49 0.81 #6.96 1.74 #4.77 0.91
2012–2014 5.59 0.94 #7.04 1.50 #5.05 1.09
2011–2013 #5.76 1.04 #6.00 1.93 #5.77 1.22
2010–2012 6.73 1.00 3.65 0.57 7.89 1.14
2009–2011 7.00 0.92 #4.82 0.97 7.89 1.14
2008–2010 6.73 0.95 #2.82 0.58 4.47 0.73 #7.76 1.39
2007–2009 6.02 0.90 #6.06 4.45 4.80 0.63 #6.66 1.42
2006–2008 5.46 0.75 #4.20 2.75 4.23 0.37 #6.28 1.17
2005–2007 6.46 0.97 #3.79 2.39 6.08 0.82 7.25 1.25
2004–2006 7.92 1.28 #5.24 3.35 #9.55 2.84 7.76 1.21
2003–2005 8.58 1.28 #8.49 3.54 #8.96 2.61 8.35 1.16
2002–2004 8.08 1.36 #10.79 3.15 #8.67 2.86 7.16 0.89
2001–2003 #7.70 1.35 #9.18 2.92 6.70 0.77
2000–2002 #7.04 1.43 #9.72 3.08 5.46 0.77
1999–2001 #5.82 1.69 #8.31 3.11 3.61 0.55
Male, non-Hispanic Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Other Pacific Islander
2017–2019 3.98 0.47 #3.23 0.60 4.21 0.55
2016–2018 4.22 0.47 3.26 0.43 4.60 0.64
2015–2017 4.03 0.34 3.43 0.54 4.32 0.41
2014–2016 4.18 0.34 3.49 0.49 4.49 0.45
2013–2015 3.73 0.27 3.24 0.46 3.94 0.32
2012–2014 3.60 0.26 3.02 0.33 3.93 0.34
2011–2013 3.76 0.30 1.02 0.02 3.28 0.43 4.16 0.42
2010–2012 4.09 0.31 1.08 0.07 3.84 0.46 4.42 0.42
2009–2011 4.57 0.39 1.40 0.23 3.79 0.59 5.00 0.49
2008–2010 4.59 0.39 1.50 0.24 #3.57 0.76 4.95 0.43
2007–2009 4.98 0.38 #3.38 1.82 #3.75 0.71 5.40 0.50
2006–2008 5.43 0.48 #2.69 1.36 4.36 0.64 5.86 0.59
2005–2007 5.50 0.53 #2.44 0.80 4.55 0.68 6.08 0.69
2004–2006 5.14 0.50 #4.22 2.14 3.88 0.56 5.68 0.61
2003–2005 4.89 0.55 3.55 0.38 5.26 0.67
2002–2004 5.34 0.52 #7.16 2.89 3.28 0.34 5.88 0.63
2001–2003 5.18 0.47 2.00 0.25 3.71 0.49 5.72 0.61
2000–2002 4.92 0.45 #3.69 1.72 3.25 0.41 5.61 0.61
1999–2001 4.63 0.42 #3.94 2.71 3.87 0.54 5.06 0.59
Male, non-Hispanic more than one race
2017–2019 4.28 0.42 #3.61 1.57 2.96 0.44 5.03 0.63
2016–2018 3.68 0.31 2.50 0.29 4.43 0.53
2015–2017 4.18 0.42 3.47 0.54 4.69 0.73
2014–2016 4.49 0.44 #1.96 0.43 3.73 0.57 4.96 0.64
2013–2015 4.84 0.44 #2.02 0.37 4.16 0.62 5.26 0.58
2012–2014 5.01 0.41 #4.80 1.33 3.05 0.38 5.67 0.51
2011–2013 4.77 0.48 #4.65 1.55 2.97 0.36 5.60 0.70
2010–2012 5.37 0.51 #4.70 1.54 3.20 0.37 6.44 0.86
2009–2011 5.71 0.60 1.95 0.31 4.38 0.69 6.62 0.91
2008–2010 6.74 0.59 #1.95 0.40 6.21 0.91 7.25 0.80
2007–2009 6.50 0.56 #2.69 0.93 6.37 1.09 6.91 0.71
2006–2008 6.57 0.53 #3.96 1.43 6.10 0.82 6.98 0.71
2005–2007 6.83 0.47 #4.93 1.48 5.83 0.82 7.49 0.61
2004–2006 6.96 0.66 #4.69 1.65 6.43 0.79 7.54 1.03
2003–2005 6.35 0.63 #5.01 1.17 5.75 0.77 6.99 0.99
2002–2004 6.65 0.72 #3.92 1.01 5.52 0.75 7.78 1.16
2001–2003 6.71 0.63 #4.01 0.91 5.02 0.69 8.13 1.00
2000–2002 7.21 0.82 #2.25 0.55 4.60 0.78 8.97 1.37
1999–2001 6.95 0.99 #4.51 0.98 #8.58 1.60
Female, all races
2017–2019 4.04 0.09 2.22 0.16 3.18 0.08 4.55 0.12
2016–2018 4.16 0.08 2.42 0.16 3.24 0.10 4.67 0.10
2015–2017 4.35 0.09 2.74 0.23 3.26 0.11 4.92 0.11
2014–2016 4.55 0.08 3.19 0.31 3.40 0.13 5.11 0.11
2013–2015 4.62 0.09 3.33 0.31 3.46 0.12 5.20 0.12
2012–2014 4.64 0.09 3.53 0.36 3.66 0.10 5.16 0.13
2011–2013 4.73 0.10 3.69 0.38 3.79 0.10 5.22 0.14
2010–2012 4.78 0.09 3.54 0.31 4.00 0.11 5.23 0.11
2009–2011 4.90 0.07 3.35 0.22 4.23 0.11 5.33 0.09
2008–2010 4.97 0.08 3.05 0.21 4.39 0.13 5.43 0.10
2007–2009 5.02 0.09 3.31 0.20 4.36 0.13 5.51 0.11
2006–2008 5.07 0.08 3.31 0.14 4.34 0.11 5.65 0.11
2005–2007 5.04 0.08 3.46 0.18 4.27 0.08 5.65 0.11
2004–2006 5.07 0.07 3.43 0.17 4.33 0.08 5.72 0.11
2003–2005 4.99 0.08 3.45 0.19 4.32 0.10 5.60 0.10
2002–2004 4.97 0.08 3.68 0.24 4.44 0.10 5.46 0.10
2001–2003 4.94 0.07 3.76 0.24 4.53 0.11 5.35 0.08
2000–2002 4.98 0.06 3.66 0.21 4.58 0.10 5.39 0.07
1999–2001 5.01 0.06 3.50 0.16 4.48 0.09 5.50 0.09
1998–2000 4.89 0.09 3.27 0.18 4.29 0.11 5.43 0.12
1997–1999 4.57 0.11 3.72 0.31 4.13 0.14 4.94 0.15
1996–1998 4.12 0.13 3.46 0.33 3.77 0.15 4.44 0.18
1995–1997 3.87 0.12 4.31 0.60 3.51 0.14 4.02 0.16
1994–1996 3.85 0.13 3.78 0.45 3.35 0.16 4.15 0.21
1993–1995 3.89 0.13 3.65 0.47 3.37 0.14 4.21 0.22
1992–1994 4.01 0.15 2.85 0.30 3.46 0.15 4.46 0.25
1991–1993 4.36 0.17 2.56 0.27 3.86 0.20 4.80 0.24
Female, non-Hispanic White
2017–2019 4.19 0.11 2.34 0.21 3.32 0.12 4.69 0.16
2016–2018 4.32 0.11 2.52 0.22 3.30 0.12 4.85 0.15
2015–2017 4.49 0.12 2.71 0.26 3.29 0.14 5.10 0.16
2014–2016 4.73 0.09 3.46 0.44 3.44 0.13 5.34 0.12
2013–2015 4.81 0.11 3.45 0.42 3.56 0.12 5.44 0.15
2012–2014 4.95 0.11 3.64 0.44 3.82 0.11 5.54 0.16
2011–2013 5.07 0.12 3.58 0.38 3.97 0.12 5.65 0.16
2010–2012 5.10 0.10 3.41 0.28 4.18 0.15 5.63 0.13
2009–2011 5.18 0.09 3.45 0.31 4.40 0.14 5.65 0.12
2008–2010 5.25 0.10 3.25 0.27 4.61 0.15 5.72 0.13
2007–2009 5.33 0.09 3.54 0.26 4.63 0.15 5.83 0.13
2006–2008 5.40 0.08 3.54 0.19 4.64 0.13 5.99 0.13
2005–2007 5.39 0.08 3.68 0.19 4.51 0.09 6.06 0.13
2004–2006 5.37 0.08 3.58 0.17 4.58 0.10 6.05 0.13
2003–2005 5.24 0.10 3.42 0.17 4.58 0.12 5.86 0.13
2002–2004 5.18 0.09 3.52 0.22 4.69 0.12 5.71 0.12
2001–2003 5.16 0.08 3.72 0.23 4.74 0.13 5.60 0.10
2000–2002 5.22 0.08 3.72 0.22 4.66 0.12 5.75 0.09
1999–2001 5.26 0.08 3.74 0.19 4.60 0.12 5.82 0.11
1998–2000 5.15 0.12 3.44 0.21 4.38 0.15 5.77 0.16
1997–1999 4.82 0.15 3.96 0.47 4.19 0.17 5.29 0.20
1996–1998 4.23 0.17 3.51 0.49 3.71 0.19 4.66 0.24
1995–1997 3.85 0.13 3.83 0.59 3.45 0.17 4.11 0.20
1994–1996 3.85 0.17 3.08 0.36 3.42 0.17 4.22 0.26
1993–1995 3.94 0.16 2.95 0.37 3.47 0.16 4.33 0.25
1992–1994 4.14 0.19 2.40 0.21 3.53 0.17 4.67 0.29
1991–1993 4.47 0.22 2.67 0.40 3.78 0.25 4.97 0.29
Female, non-Hispanic Black
2017–2019 3.58 0.22 #3.36 1.16 2.63 0.24 4.01 0.32
2016–2018 3.87 0.26 #2.83 0.75 2.82 0.29 4.42 0.36
2015–2017 3.84 0.22 #2.25 0.48 2.54 0.23 4.45 0.30
2014–2016 3.81 0.21 1.90 0.20 2.49 0.23 4.51 0.28
2013–2015 3.89 0.26 #2.47 0.55 2.56 0.21 4.52 0.35
2012–2014 4.16 0.28 #4.17 1.32 2.70 0.22 4.74 0.37
2011–2013 4.08 0.25 #4.34 1.27 2.93 0.22 4.55 0.36
2010–2012 3.99 0.15 #4.41 1.27 2.95 0.23 4.42 0.23
2009–2011 3.93 0.15 #3.21 0.56 3.14 0.27 4.39 0.22
2008–2010 4.06 0.15 2.95 0.44 3.10 0.27 4.59 0.22
2007–2009 3.93 0.17 2.82 0.36 3.16 0.28 4.38 0.22
2006–2008 3.80 0.17 2.71 0.31 2.99 0.18 4.30 0.24
2005–2007 3.69 0.17 2.79 0.34 3.10 0.22 4.11 0.24
2004–2006 3.82 0.16 2.51 0.34 3.05 0.22 4.41 0.25
2003–2005 3.81 0.16 2.82 0.44 2.95 0.24 4.38 0.24
2002–2004 3.88 0.16 3.09 0.50 3.39 0.30 4.21 0.22
2001–2003 3.96 0.16 3.36 0.56 3.81 0.34 4.12 0.22
2000–2002 4.20 0.16 3.24 0.47 4.46 0.38 4.20 0.19
1999–2001 4.40 0.19 3.15 0.53 4.32 0.28 4.58 0.26
1998–2000 4.29 0.23 #2.89 0.60 4.49 0.41 4.39 0.28
1997–1999 3.94 0.27 #3.46 0.76 4.65 0.50 3.69 0.28
1996–1998 3.66 0.24 #3.19 0.73 4.62 0.52 3.26 0.22
1995–1997 3.44 0.21 #3.20 0.66 4.17 0.41 3.12 0.24
1994–1996 3.26 0.20 #3.82 0.82 3.06 0.32 3.29 0.28
1993–1995 3.33 0.24 #3.77 0.84 3.04 0.37 3.43 0.36
1992–1994 3.44 0.26 #3.85 1.00 3.06 0.36 3.60 0.38
1991–1993 4.22 0.36 1.61 0.14 4.64 0.81 4.37 0.42
Female, Hispanic
2017–2019 3.84 0.20 1.97 0.25 3.01 0.23 4.40 0.30
2016–2018 3.83 0.19 2.43 0.37 3.10 0.18 4.30 0.25
2015–2017 4.28 0.20 #3.22 0.65 3.51 0.23 4.73 0.25
2014–2016 4.66 0.19 #3.53 0.65 3.88 0.40 5.08 0.27
2013–2015 4.67 0.19 3.53 0.58 3.80 0.38 5.12 0.25
2012–2014 4.20 0.19 3.00 0.46 3.79 0.35 4.51 0.25
2011–2013 4.10 0.17 3.38 0.57 3.75 0.29 4.32 0.21
2010–2012 4.20 0.17 3.04 0.52 4.10 0.30 4.37 0.24
2009–2011 4.43 0.19 2.84 0.48 4.39 0.35 4.62 0.25
2008–2010 4.47 0.19 2.50 0.29 4.44 0.40 4.73 0.24
2007–2009 4.43 0.17 2.85 0.35 4.10 0.31 4.82 0.22
2006–2008 4.50 0.20 2.86 0.35 3.96 0.30 5.12 0.28
2005–2007 4.40 0.17 3.15 0.50 3.89 0.22 4.97 0.27
2004–2006 4.59 0.20 3.38 0.52 3.91 0.24 5.28 0.30
2003–2005 4.56 0.20 3.29 0.50 3.83 0.20 5.30 0.30
2002–2004 4.58 0.20 3.45 0.57 3.99 0.25 5.22 0.28
2001–2003 4.46 0.18 2.96 0.35 4.26 0.35 4.90 0.28
2000–2002 4.30 0.21 3.04 0.36 4.55 0.32 4.39 0.28
1999–2001 4.23 0.16 2.64 0.26 4.29 0.24 4.51 0.26
1998–2000 4.03 0.19 2.79 0.26 3.94 0.24 4.40 0.30
1997–1999 3.94 0.20 3.19 0.41 3.84 0.23 4.19 0.32
1996–1998 4.11 0.22 3.67 0.53 3.78 0.26 4.45 0.37
1995–1997 4.29 0.22 #5.08 0.94 3.66 0.34 4.51 0.40
1994–1996 4.20 0.26 #4.22 0.75 3.76 0.62 4.50 0.42
1993–1995 4.01 0.27 #3.89 0.73 #3.78 0.70 4.20 0.41
1992–1994 3.80 0.27 3.03 0.53 #4.12 0.72 3.82 0.39
1991–1993 3.95 0.26 2.88 0.47 4.03 0.38 4.16 0.47
Female, non-Hispanic Native American/Alaska Native
2017–2019 3.56 0.58 3.85 0.59 #3.89 0.81
2016–2018 3.43 0.39 3.29 0.34 3.80 0.63
2015–2017 3.35 0.44 #2.43 0.59 4.34 0.57
2014–2016 3.14 0.36 2.00 0.32 4.24 0.50
2013–2015 #3.89 0.92 1.72 0.24 #6.00 1.50
2012–2014 #3.99 0.87 2.12 0.23 #4.71 1.33
2011–2013 #4.47 0.93 #3.34 0.71 #4.74 1.43
2010–2012 #4.76 1.10 #6.93 2.54 #3.54 0.66 #5.06 1.71
2009–2011 #6.02 1.18 #4.60 1.85 #3.75 0.70 #7.58 1.90
2008–2010 #6.03 1.15 #3.38 1.03 #3.95 1.26 #7.52 1.80
2007–2009 #7.02 1.36 #3.18 1.03 #8.59 2.25 #6.42 1.16
2006–2008 #6.19 1.47 #2.69 0.90 #9.09 2.04 #5.01 1.04
2005–2007 #5.89 1.59 #2.57 1.00 #8.79 2.25 4.37 0.72
2004–2006 3.96 0.47 #2.62 0.90 4.55 0.74 4.04 0.64
2003–2005 4.05 0.46 #4.88 1.54 #4.39 0.83 3.76 0.57
2002–2004 3.93 0.31 #5.85 1.71 4.08 0.55 3.54 0.47
2001–2003 3.86 0.31 #5.50 1.43 #3.94 0.74 3.49 0.39
2000–2002 4.57 0.54 #4.60 1.12 #4.06 0.71 #5.04 1.01
1999–2001 4.95 0.80 #3.34 0.59 #4.40 0.96 #6.17 1.43
Female, non-Hispanic Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Other Pacific Islander
2017–2019 3.62 0.41 #2.83 0.60 4.08 0.53
2016–2018 3.81 0.41 #3.31 0.80 4.16 0.53
2015–2017 3.78 0.29 #3.23 0.85 3.97 0.34
2014–2016 3.54 0.33 #2.76 0.90 3.66 0.36
2013–2015 3.52 0.32 #3.97 1.10 #2.05 0.37 3.82 0.37
2012–2014 3.57 0.33 #2.39 0.94 2.33 0.40 3.95 0.39
2011–2013 3.93 0.34 1.37 0.21 2.33 0.33 4.50 0.43
2010–2012 3.80 0.37 #2.88 0.57 4.11 0.46
2009–2011 4.13 0.36 #1.90 0.59 #3.76 0.70 4.29 0.39
2008–2010 4.36 0.41 #1.88 0.61 4.05 0.65 4.57 0.48
2007–2009 4.24 0.43 #1.45 0.37 2.91 0.40 4.89 0.55
2006–2008 4.24 0.57 2.84 0.37 4.76 0.70
2005–2007 3.61 0.51 2.71 0.41 4.00 0.65
2004–2006 3.82 0.54 #2.80 0.61 3.35 0.57 4.03 0.68
2003–2005 4.39 0.50 #7.28 3.67 2.89 0.50 4.64 0.59
2002–2004 4.67 0.53 #9.27 3.83 2.97 0.46 4.92 0.66
2001–2003 4.74 0.54 #13.25 8.49 3.13 0.53 5.12 0.60
2000–2002 3.65 0.37 #2.69 0.95 3.06 0.49 3.96 0.56
1999–2001 3.43 0.30 #2.46 0.86 #3.15 0.58 3.60 0.41
Female, non-Hispanic more than one race
2017–2019 4.19 0.40 1.64 0.23 3.32 0.55 4.96 0.56
2016–2018 4.26 0.42 1.75 0.29 3.66 0.60 4.92 0.59
2015–2017 4.61 0.51 1.81 0.24 3.33 0.52 5.47 0.77
2014–2016 4.42 0.54 1.85 0.26 3.48 0.52 5.17 0.84
2013–2015 4.61 0.49 2.15 0.25 3.78 0.40 5.17 0.74
2012–2014 4.40 0.30 #3.53 1.00 4.02 0.46 4.68 0.45
2011–2013 5.06 0.39 #7.45 2.96 4.37 0.40 5.22 0.50
2010–2012 5.30 0.44 #6.42 2.42 3.97 0.41 5.83 0.62
2009–2011 5.56 0.43 #5.82 2.61 4.11 0.50 6.45 0.63
2008–2010 5.43 0.40 2.83 0.46 4.10 0.55 6.72 0.61
2007–2009 5.38 0.50 3.84 0.67 3.87 0.48 6.51 0.74
2006–2008 5.30 0.43 4.22 0.65 3.48 0.33 6.52 0.65
2005–2007 5.67 0.43 4.23 0.58 #4.76 0.87 6.39 0.66
2004–2006 5.91 0.48 4.21 0.61 5.23 0.81 6.65 0.80
2003–2005 5.65 0.44 4.28 0.70 5.54 0.82 5.94 0.68
2002–2004 5.52 0.64 #8.18 3.95 4.38 0.40 5.58 0.68
2001–2003 5.30 0.55 #8.04 4.37 3.57 0.44 5.66 0.55
2000–2002 5.23 0.66 #7.18 4.08 4.01 0.52 5.49 0.59
1999–2001 4.69 0.44 #3.37 0.71 3.49 0.42 5.62 0.65

– Fewer than 10 respondents in this cell.

S.E. = standard error of the estimate.

# Estimates are unreliable due to relative standard errors >17.5%.

1 Data earlier than 1999 are not available for non-Hispanic Native American/Alaska Native; non-Hispanic Asian, Native Hawaiian, or Other Pacific Islander; and non-Hispanic more than one race.

2 Due to survey design modifications, comparison of results from before 1999 to 1999–2001 and 2002–2019 need to be made with caution.

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