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Home Publications Surveillance Reports Surveillance Report COVID-19

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research
Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System

SURVEILLANCE REPORT COVID-19

Alcohol Sales During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Here we present such data as are available on per capita alcohol sales during the COVID-19 pandemic. We do so as a service both to the general public and to researchers who are interested in how recent events surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic have affected the nations alcohol consumption.

NIAAA routinely reports apparent per capita alcohol consumption by state in its Surveillance Report series (https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/surveillance.htm). Those data come from various state sources that monitor sales, primarily for taxation purposes. In some states (16 states so far), the data are reported monthly and are currently available for the months of March and/or April 2020. We report here those data available as of June 16, 2020 with the intention of updating this information as data from additional states and for subsequent months become available. Some of the estimates reported in the current report may differ from those published in the previous month due to updates and revisions based on data received after publication.

We provide a summary report (see Figures 1 through 4) and a corresponding data file that researchers can input into their analyses. The state sales data do not distinguish between on- and off-premise locations, so the data presented below are based on total monthly sales (on- and off-premise sales combined) of alcoholic beverages in each state. Similar to the NIAAAs annual surveillance report on apparent per capita alcohol consumption, this summary report presents sales data that have been converted to gallons of ethanol (pure alcohol) and divided by each states population of people ages 14 and older to obtain per capita ethanol estimates that are comparable across states, beverage types, and years. 

List of Figures

Figure 1. Per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in March 2020 in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.

Figure 2. Percentage changes in per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in March 2020 compared to the prior 3-year March average (i.e., average of March 2017, 2018, and 2019) in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.

Figure 3. Per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in April 2020 in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.

Figure 4. Percentage changes in per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in April 2020 compared to the prior 3-year April average (i.e., average of April 2017, 2018, and 2019) in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.



Figure 1. Per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in March 2020 in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.

Figure 1

Note: Monthly data are not available for spirits in Idaho and Oregon, wine in Kansas, and beer in Louisiana and Wisconsin. Source of State Population Denominators: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st Resident Population by State, County, Age, Sex, Bridged-Race, and Hispanic Origin. Vintage 2018 postcensal population estimates (released on 6/25/2019). Available on CDC WONDER Online Database at: https://wonder.cdc.gov/bridged-race-v2018.html

Data for Figure 1

Figure 2. Percentage changes in per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in March 2020 compared to the prior 3-year March average (i.e., average of March 2017, 2018, and 2019) in states with data available as of June 16, 2020. 

Figure 2

Note: Monthly data are not available for spirits in Idaho and Oregon, wine in Kansas, and beer in Louisiana and Wisconsin. Source of State Population Denominators: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st Resident Population by State, County, Age, Sex, Bridged-Race, and Hispanic Origin. Vintage 2018 postcensal population estimates (released on 6/25/2019). Available on CDC WONDER Online Database at: https://wonder.cdc.gov/bridged-race-v2018.html

Data for Figure 2

Figure 3. Per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in April 2020 in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.  

Figure 3

Note: Monthly data are not available for spirits in Idaho and Oregon, wine in Kansas, and beer in Wisconsin. Source of State Population Denominators: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st Resident Population by State, County, Age, Sex, Bridged-Race, and Hispanic Origin. Vintage 2018 postcensal population estimates (released on 6/25/2019). Available on CDC WONDER Online Database at: https://wonder.cdc.gov/bridged-race-v2018.html.    

Data for Figure 3

Figure 4. Percentage changes in per capita sales of spirits, wine, and beer (in gallons of ethanol) in April 2020 compared to the prior 3-year April average (i.e., average of April 2017, 2018, and 2019) in states with data available as of June 16, 2020.

Figure 4

Note: Monthly data are not available for spirits in Idaho and Oregon, wine in Kansas, and beer in Wisconsin; due to a tax filing issue, Indianas April 2017 data were excluded, so a 2-year April average was used for Indiana. Source of State Population Denominators: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. Bridged-Race Population Estimates, United States July 1st Resident Population by State, County, Age, Sex, Bridged-Race, and Hispanic Origin. Vintage 2018 postcensal population estimates (released on 6/25/2019). Available on CDC WONDER Online Database at: https://wonder.cdc.gov/bridged-race-v2018.html

Data for Figure 4

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