IPV Perpetrators and Alcohol Problems
The circle is intended to illustrates the percentage-an estimate-of intimate violence perpetrators who are thought to have significant alcohol problems. Twenty-two percent are considered to be problem drinkers and 36% are considered heavy drinkers. The remaining 22% are not considered to have alcohol problems.
[Source: Leonard, K. E., & Jacob, T. (1987). Alcohol, alcoholism, and family violence. In A. S. Bellack, M. Hersen, R. L. Morrison, & V. B. Van Hasselt, (Eds.), Handbook of family violence, (pp. 383-406). NY: Plenum Press.]