Figure1 - Medicine Wheels

The figure depicts drawings of American Indian Medicine Wheels. There are four artistic renderings, based on symbols found in American Indian culture. All four are similar, in that the have a central axis, with lines that radiate out from the central axis, or spokes that emanate from the circle. The figure was included as part of the narrative describing the development of alcohol prevention programs with urban Indian 4th-7th graders. The idea to use symbols in prevention programs evolved from focus group discussions with American Indian tribes and represent particular shared core values and concepts such as harmony, respect, and courage. The use of the Medicine Wheel was one symbol used to represent one or more of these core values.

[Source: Moran, J. (1998). Alcohol prevention among urban American Indian youth. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 2, 51-68.]