Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex, according to having exceeded daily and weekly low-risk drinking limits2 in the past year, among current drinkers,3 United States, 20012002.

[psychcnd3.htm, dated 7/07]

Having exceeded daily and weekly low-risk drinking limits
and psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Did not exceed drinking limits

 

 

Alcohol abuse

14.93

1.17

21.93

2.10

8.69

1.30

Alcohol dependence

3.49

0.59

4.65

1.02

2.46

0.65

Nicotine dependence

96.94

3.72

95.08

5.07

98.60

4.44

Drug abuse/dependence

2.31

0.47

3.26

0.90

1.46

0.42


Major depression


64.30


2.74


39.29


3.04


86.60


4.32

Dysthymia

15.07

1.34

9.96

1.58

19.62

1.88

Manic disorder

12.91

1.16

11.95

1.75

13.76

1.50

Hypomanic disorder

10.37

1.11

10.27

1.95

10.47

1.28

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

13.08

1.14

7.82

1.45

17.78

1.74

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

4.40

0.58

#1.55

0.49

6.93

1.01

Social phobia

24.71

1.54

17.94

1.96

30.75

2.34

Specific phobia

66.20

2.89

37.88

2.69

91.45

4.25

Generalized anxiety

17.56

1.43

10.28

1.53

24.04

2.21

Pathological gambling

1.06

0.25

#0.92

0.38

#1.18

0.36


Conduct disorder


9.49


1.07


13.60


1.84


5.83


1.06

Antisocial personality disorder

24.31

1.63

36.72

3.14

13.24

1.27

Avoidant personality disorder

21.66

1.49

16.92

1.91

25.88

2.17

Dependent personality disorder

3.00

0.56

#1.48

0.56

4.34

0.91

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

81.09

3.12

79.30

4.37

82.69

3.82

Paranoid personality disorder

37.57

2.08

29.67

2.68

44.61

2.61

Schizoid personality disorder

28.48

1.64

29.79

2.52

27.32

2.00

Histrionic personality disorder

13.90

1.10

12.95

1.49

14.74

1.55


Exceeded daily drinking limits only

 

 

Alcohol abuse

129.95

5.34

158.59

7.53

87.68

6.55

Alcohol dependence

66.37

3.78

71.77

4.93

58.40

5.46

Nicotine dependence

209.18

7.76

197.84

9.32

225.90

10.38

Drug abuse/dependence

11.02

1.67

12.24

2.41

9.23

1.84


Major depression


91.87


4.22


58.94


4.58


140.48


8.10

Dysthymia

21.15

1.77

14.57

2.33

30.86

3.42

Manic disorder

24.21

1.93

17.66

2.25

33.87

3.76

Hypomanic disorder

18.92

2.15

18.97

2.85

18.85

2.74

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

19.68

1.84

11.55

1.69

31.70

3.89

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

6.07

0.96

#3.15

1.05

10.39

1.84

Social phobia

35.13

2.84

26.10

3.12

48.45

4.96

Specific phobia

88.12

4.57

55.27

4.82

136.60

8.10

Generalized anxiety

26.31

2.14

13.61

2.27

45.07

4.00

Pathological gambling

2.20

0.64

#2.39

0.89

#1.92

0.75


Conduct disorder


15.03


1.82


17.33


2.47


11.65


2.13

Antisocial personality disorder

61.70

3.95

75.35

5.92

41.55

4.39

Avoidant personality disorder

26.74

2.19

18.13

2.38

39.45

4.42

Dependent personality disorder

5.53

1.05

#4.10

1.56

7.63

1.44

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

95.19

4.94

86.78

5.84

107.60

7.34

Paranoid personality disorder

59.15

3.39

47.07

4.26

76.97

5.40

Schizoid personality disorder

37.07

2.81

36.33

3.73

38.17

3.79

Histrionic personality disorder

32.52

2.73

29.74

3.66

36.64

3.98


Exceeded weekly or both daily and weekly drinking limits

 

 

Alcohol abuse

171.80

8.40

202.36

11.22

126.32

10.28

Alcohol dependence

242.59

9.42

285.05

12.21

179.39

11.23

Nicotine dependence

273.41

9.52

287.47

12.14

252.49

13.00

Drug abuse/dependence

28.27

3.13

34.40

4.60

19.15

3.84


Major depression


90.30


5.24


66.74


5.59


125.36


9.61

Dysthymia

22.09

2.67

12.48

2.38

36.38

5.63

Manic disorder

25.42

2.75

26.82

3.79

23.33

3.78

Hypomanic disorder

20.07

2.40

18.61

3.09

22.23

4.04

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

20.50

2.53

16.53

2.86

26.41

5.00

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

8.99

1.76

#5.77

1.77

13.77

3.15

Social phobia

30.40

3.40

22.96

3.74

41.47

6.42

Specific phobia

88.08

5.75

65.68

6.81

121.43

10.30

Generalized anxiety

26.13

3.07

19.09

3.28

36.62

5.57

Pathological gambling

4.75

1.17

6.60

1.75

#1.99

1.34


Conduct disorder


13.29


2.10


16.44


3.09


8.59


2.54

Antisocial personality disorder

81.96

5.66

104.88

8.13

47.84

6.04

Avoidant personality disorder

27.00

3.36

24.65

4.27

30.49

5.26

Dependent personality disorder

7.97

1.88

#8.47

2.72

#7.22

2.27

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

92.92

6.18

91.11

7.54

95.61

8.90

Paranoid personality disorder

64.40

4.59

60.74

5.69

69.83

7.67

Schizoid personality disorder

35.67

3.66

34.66

4.49

37.17

5.48

Histrionic personality disorder

38.94

4.11

35.02

4.85

44.77

6.19

S.E.: standard error.

#Unreliable estimate with relative standard error > 0.3.

1Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2Exceeding daily drinking limit: 5+ drinks for men and 4+ drinks for women on one or more occasions or the usual or largest ethanol intake of any beverage type greater than 4.5 drinks for men and greater than 3.5 drinks for women. Exceeding weekly drinking limit: on average more than 14 drinks per week for men and more than 7 drinks per week for women.

3Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year.

SOURCE: Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System. Chen, C.M.; Yi, H.; Falk D.E., Stinson, F.S.; Dawson, D.A.; and Grant, B.F. Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorder in the United States: Main Findings from the 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). U.S. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Reference Manual, Vol. 8, Number 1. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (January 2006).