Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex, according to average drinking level2 in the past year, among current drinkers,3 United States, NESARC, 2001–2002.

[psychcnd2.htm, dated 4/06]

Average drinking level and psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Rate

S.E.

Male

Female

Rate

S.E.

Rate

S.E.

Light drinker

 

Alcohol abuse

24.55

1.62

30.29

2.47

20.12

1.94

Alcohol dependence

9.53

0.98

8.94

1.38

9.99

1.35

Nicotine dependence

125.65

4.47

121.89

6.19

128.54

5.06

Drug abuse/dependence

3.79

0.58

4.88

1.09

2.95

0.56


Major depression


78.56


2.83


47.88


3.26


102.17


4.27

Dysthymia

18.99

1.36

12.98

1.83

23.61

1.87

Manic disorder

17.41

1.22

14.21

1.93

19.87

1.61

Hypomanic disorder

13.27

1.20

14.18

2.16

12.56

1.33

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

16.02

1.20

9.54

1.54

21.01

1.75

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.27

0.60

#1.54

0.48

8.14

1.00

Social phobia

30.08

1.74

21.70

2.27

36.53

2.52

Specific phobia

77.53

3.24

44.76

3.16

102.76

4.60

Generalized anxiety

22.73

1.53

13.41

1.78

29.91

2.20

Pathological gambling

1.14

0.25

#0.98

0.38

1.27

0.34


Conduct disorder


10.81


1.08


15.52


1.98


7.17


0.99

Antisocial personality disorder

32.69

1.81

49.22

3.52

19.97

1.67

Avoidant personality disorder

25.70

1.51

18.46

2.07

31.28

2.30

Dependent personality disorder

4.00

0.58

#1.95

0.63

5.58

0.91

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

87.33

3.21

85.62

4.71

88.65

3.83

Paranoid personality disorder

47.56

2.46

38.61

3.26

54.45

3.01

Schizoid personality disorder

31.88

1.67

33.79

2.74

30.41

1.90

Histrionic personality disorder

19.02

1.23

17.78

1.67

19.98

1.68


Moderate drinker

 

Alcohol abuse

132.46

6.46

148.05

7.74

89.98

9.04

Alcohol dependence

62.17

4.15

63.01

4.77

59.88

6.81

Nicotine dependence

154.42

6.93

153.41

8.11

157.17

11.08

Drug abuse/dependence

8.83

1.71

9.66

2.25

#6.57

2.08


Major depression


58.63


3.76


45.24


4.15


95.09


8.68

Dysthymia

11.39

1.62

9.69

1.86

16.03

3.27

Manic disorder

13.79

1.70

13.67

1.99

14.13

3.35

Hypomanic disorder

12.85

1.79

12.49

2.28

13.83

2.76

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

11.97

1.40

7.75

1.33

23.47

4.13

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

4.05

0.97

#3.28

1.11

#6.17

2.13

Social phobia

22.68

2.22

20.01

2.63

29.97

4.55

Specific phobia

61.73

4.04

44.40

4.09

108.94

9.84

Generalized anxiety

13.11

1.95

8.02

1.95

26.98

4.86

Pathological gambling

#2.30

0.73

#2.38

0.92

#2.06

1.11


Conduct disorder


12.74


1.69


14.32


2.19


8.45


2.52

Antisocial personality disorder

46.35

3.92

54.05

5.01

25.40

4.48

Avoidant personality disorder

16.31

2.03

15.20

2.42

19.34

3.98

Dependent personality disorder

#2.96

1.10

#3.29

1.48

#2.06

0.86

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

81.54

5.04

76.79

5.49

94.46

10.00

Paranoid personality disorder

35.19

3.01

31.47

3.55

45.32

6.04

Schizoid personality disorder

29.18

2.96

29.31

3.45

28.81

5.26

Histrionic personality disorder

22.44

2.62

21.54

3.33

24.91

4.39


Heavier drinker

 

Alcohol abuse

171.80

8.40

202.36

11.22

126.32

10.28

Alcohol dependence

242.59

9.42

285.05

12.21

179.39

11.23

Nicotine dependence

273.41

9.52

287.47

12.14

252.49

13.00

Drug abuse/dependence

28.27

3.13

34.40

4.60

19.15

3.84


Major depression


90.30


5.24


66.74


5.59


125.36


9.61

Dysthymia

22.09

2.67

12.48

2.38

36.38

5.63

Manic disorder

25.42

2.75

26.82

3.79

23.33

3.78

Hypomanic disorder

20.07

2.40

18.61

3.09

22.23

4.04

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

20.50

2.53

16.53

2.86

26.41

5.00

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

8.99

1.76

#5.77

1.77

13.77

3.15

Social phobia

30.40

3.40

22.96

3.74

41.47

6.42

Specific phobia

88.08

5.75

65.68

6.81

121.43

10.30

Generalized anxiety

26.13

3.07

19.09

3.28

36.62

5.57

Pathological gambling

4.75

1.17

6.60

1.75

#1.99

1.34


Conduct disorder


13.29


2.10


16.44


3.09


8.59


2.54

Antisocial personality disorder

81.96

5.66

104.88

8.13

47.84

6.04

Avoidant personality disorder

27.00

3.36

24.65

4.27

30.49

5.26

Dependent personality disorder

7.97

1.88

#8.47

2.72

#7.22

2.27

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

92.92

6.18

91.11

7.54

95.61

8.90

Paranoid personality disorder

64.40

4.59

60.74

5.69

69.83

7.67

Schizoid personality disorder

35.67

3.66

34.66

4.49

37.17

5.48

Histrionic personality disorder

38.94

4.11

35.02

4.85

44.77

6.19

S.E.: standard error.

#Unreliable estimate with relative standard error > 0.3.

1 Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2 Light drinker: 3 or fewer drinks per week on average. Moderate drinker: on average more than 3 drinks and up to 7 drinks per week for women and more than 3 drinks and up to 14 drinks per week for men.Heavier drinker: on average more than 1 drink per day for women and more than 2 drinks per day for men.

3 Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year.

SOURCE: Alcohol Epidemiologic Data System. Chen, C.M.; Yi, H.; Falk D.E., Stinson, F.S.; Dawson, D.A.; and Grant, B.F. Alcohol Use and Alcohol Use Disorder in the United States: Main Findings from the 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). U.S. Alcohol Epidemiologic Data Reference Manual, Vol. 8, Number 1. Bethesda, MD: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (January 2006).