Trends in the 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol dependence by age, sex, and race-ethnicity: United States, 19911992 (NLAES) and 20012002 (NESARC)*

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Sociodemographic characteristic

Male

Female

Total

NLAES

NESARC

NLAES

NESARC

NLAES

NESARC

(1991–1992)

(2001–2002)

(1991–1992)

(2001–2002)

(1991–1992)

(2001–2002)

Total

Total

6.33

5.42a

2.58

2.32

4.38

3.81a

18–29

12.81

13.00

6.01

5.52

9.40

9.24

30–44

6.07

4.98b

2.47

2.61

4.25

3.77

45–64

3.19

2.67

1.12

1.15

2.12

1.89

65+

0.63

0.39

0.23

0.13

0.39

0.24

White

Total

6.16

5.41b

2.67

2.37

4.35

3.83b

18–29

13.59

15.10

7.28

6.38

10.48

10.71

30–44

6.12

5.13

2.43

2.84

4.27

3.98

45–64

2.80

2.56

1.03

1.15

1.89

1.84

65+

0.57

0.32

0.24

0.08

0.38

0.18b

Black

Total

5.86

5.09

2.21

2.39

3.84

3.57

18–29

8.54

8.75

2.14

3.79b

5.07

6.03

30–44

6.13

4.40

3.26

2.53

4.57

3.36

45–64

4.05

3.98

1.95

1.74

2.89

2.72

65+

0.83

1.10

0.00

0.71

0.32

0.87

Native American

Total

11.00

8.38

7.38

4.49

9.01

6.35

18–29

13.34

15.96

14.67

8.73

14.03

11.83

30–44

8.85

10.94

2.15

5.77

5.32

8.27

45–64

4.61

5.11

4.73

2.53

4.68

3.90

65+

25.39

0.00

0.00

0.00

9.75

0.00

Asian

Total

3.06

3.56

1.41

1.34

2.26

2.41

18–29

4.09

10.22b

3.77

4.27

3.93

7.39

30–44

3.02

0.28b

0.00

0.59

1.50

0.44

45–64

2.90

1.42

0.73

0.15

1.90

0.72

65+

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Hispanic/Latino

Total

9.40

5.90a

2.15

1.94

5.78

3.95b

18–29

15.44

9.58b

2.97

3.85

9.21

6.92

30–44

6.56

5.33

2.70

1.65

4.74

3.55

45–64

6.70

2.06b

0.63

0.46

3.65

1.23b

65+

0.00

0.85

0.62

0.00

0.37

0.36

* Data are from the NIAAA 19911992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES) and 20012002 National
Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).

a P < 0.01.

b P < 0.05.

Source: Grant, B.F.; Dawson, D.A.; Stinson, F.S.; Chou, S.P.; Dufour, M.C.; and Pickering, R.P. The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: United States, 1991–1992 and 2001–2002. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 74(3):223–34, 2004.