Trends in the 12-month prevalence of DSM-IV alcohol abuse by age, sex, and race-ethnicity: United States, 19911992 (NLAES) and 20012002 (NESARC)*

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Sociodemographic characteristic

Male

Female

Total

NLAES

NESARC

NLAES

NESARC

NLAES

NESARC

(1991–1992)

(2001–2002)

(1991–1992)

(2001–2002)

(1991–1992)

(2001–2002)

Total

Total

4.67

6.93a

1.51

2.55a

3.03

4.65a

18–29

9.26

9.35

3.83

4.57

6.54

6.95

30–44

4.58

8.69a

1.50

3.31a

3.02

5.95a

45–64

2.38

5.50a

0.38

1.70a

1.35

3.54a

65+

0.55

2.36a

0.04

0.38a

0.25

1.21a

White

Total

5.09

7.45a

1.71

2.92a

3.33

5.10a

18–29

10.75

10.19

4.83

5.56

7.83

7.86

30–44

5.16

10.10a

1.68

4.13a

3.41

7.09a

45–64

2.55

5.97a

0.44

2.02a

1.47

3.96a

65+

0.52

2.38a

0.04

0.36a

0.24

1.21a

Black

Total

2.38

5.71a

0.73

1.41a

1.46

3.29a

18–29

3.83

6.92b

1.27

2.10

2.44

4.28b

30–44

2.54

7.04a

1.00

1.51

1.70

3.95a

45–64

1.19

4.48a

0.02

1.25a

0.54

2.66a

65+

0.00

1.79a

0.00

0.12

0.00

0.78a

Native American

Total

12.80

7.47

4.31

4.18

8.14

5.75

18–29

27.88

15.25

8.19

6.68

17.59

10.35

30–44

2.64

7.67

3.73

6.52

3.22

7.07

45–64

0.00

4.85b

0.00

0.00

0.00

2.57b

65+

0.00

3.59

0.00

4.12

0.00

3.91

Asian

Total

1.65

3.20

0.47

1.13

1.08

2.13

18–29

3.30

4.77

0.74

3.89b

2.02

4.35

30–44

1.67

4.22

0.21

0.23

0.93

2.18

45–64

0.00

1.13

0.66

0.20

0.30

0.61

65+

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Hispanic/Latino

Total

4.15

6.21b

0.87

1.65b

2.52

3.97a

18–29

5.85

9.08b

1.56

3.04

3.71

6.28a

30–44

3.30

4.88

0.86

1.46

2.15

3.23

45–64

3.08

4.35

0.13

0.63

1.60

2.43

65+

2.90

3.69

0.00

0.00

1.16

1.56

* Data are from the NIAAA 19911992 National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES) and 20012002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC).

a P < 0.01.

b P < 0.05.

Source: Grant, B.F.; Dawson, D.A.; Stinson, F.S.; Chou, S.P.; Dufour, M.C.; and Pickering, R.P. The 12-month prevalence and trends in DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: United States, 1991–1992 and 2001–2002. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 74(3):223–34, 2004.