Designed to take 30 to 90 minutes of class time over the course
of four days, the Two Star Program will
1. engage the attention
of the class on the topic of Fetal Alcohol syndrome (FAS) and other alcohol-related
2. provide fundamental information on the nature,
impact, biological basis and importance of preventing these birth defects
3. provide an opportunity to directly observe the affect of alcohol on a developing
organism through a hands-on science experiment.
1. To inform students that alcohol should not be used during pregnancy because
it can cause permanent and severe damage to babies.
2. To increase
the student’s understanding of the biological basis for birth defects.
3. To stimulate thought regarding ways to help prevent birth defects.
4. To demonstrate the effects of alcohol on a developing organism.
1. Students view the
first segment (approximately 1 minute) of the Better Safe Than Sorry video. Showing
an affected young woman, and with narrative by her mother, this clip introduces
the topic of birth defects caused by maternal alcohol use. At the end of this
segment, prompted by the question "Did you know that alcohol consumption
during pregnancy can cause permanent damage to an unborn child?", the teacher
may stop the video and break students up into small groups for discussion of their
existing knowledge regarding birth defects that are caused by alcohol and the
need to know more. Alternatively, a show of hands in answer to the question may
be followed by resumption of video viewing by the class.
Students view the remainder (approximately 14 minutes) of the video in which parents,
doctors and scientists share their perspectives to provide basic information on
the characteristics, biological basis and importance of preventing Fetal Alcohol
Syndrome and other alcohol-related birth defects. Working in groups to allow discussion,
or working independently, students answer questions on a worksheet developed for
this video. (Teachers may modify the worksheet, if only single word answers are
preferred.) Comparison of responses to those that followed the query at the end
of the first one minute video segment (activity one), allows learning assessment.
In addition, or alternatively, the teacher or students may bring up discussion
points for class consideration. Some possible discussion topics, with brief "answers"
and suggested resources for teacher and student information are provided. Teachers
may provide the students with lists of available resources for additional study
of this topic.
3. Students explore the effects of different
concentrations of alcohol on brine shrimp hatching.
This hands-on experiment
is easy, should at the least stimulate interest in biology, and can be used to
teach science, math and reasoning skills. It can also be modified to examine the
effects of water contaminants or other environmental factors on aquatic life.
A video of the experiment is available on the CD-ROM or at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Science/curriculum.html
for teacher preparation or classroom viewing.
minutes on Day 1, followed by 2-30 minute periods on Days 2 and 4. Kits are available
from Carolina Biological Supply
with materials for the entire class (10 groups) or for a single set up for a teacher
4. For “extra credit” individual
students may play “The Knowledge is Money Game” available on this
CD-ROM. This is a fun, fact-filled game that tests the student’s knowledge
of FAS and other alcohol-related birth defects. Students may print out and turn
in their final score from the game as an indication of their completion of the