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Image  of human embryoBetter Safe Than Sorry: Preventing a Tragedy
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Questions for “The Knowledge is Money Game”
Level 2

On This Page:

Category 1
Category 2
Category 3
Category 4
Category 5

Category 1: Brine Shrimp, Alcohol and the Scientific Method

$200
What hypothesis was tested in the brine shrimp experiment?

  • Brine shrimp become inebriated when alcohol is present in their salt water.
  • *Alcohol concentration can affect brine shrimp egg hatching rate.
  • The density of brine shrimp eggs influences their rate of hatching.
  • Brine shrimp can’t figure out how to hatch when they are drunk.

$400
Which of the following is an independent variable in the brine shrimp experiment?

  • hatching rate of brine shrimp
  • concentration of marine salt solution
  • *alcohol concentration in each Petri dish
  • temperature of the classroom

$600
Which of the following is a dependent variable in the brine shrimp experiment?

  • *hatching rate of brine shrimp
  • concentration of marine salt solution
  • alcohol concentration in each Petri dish
  • temperature of the classroom

$800
The 0% alcohol condition

  • controls for alcohol’s effect on brine shrimp egg hatching.
  • is not that important and can be skipped, if you run out of time.
  • is essential to interpret the results from the alcohol conditions in the brine shrimp experiment.
  • *Both a and c are correct.

$1000
How can results be compared accurately across conditions with variable numbers of eggs in each?

  • This experiment CANNOT be interpreted. It must be repeated without variability.
  • *Results can be reported in terms of the proportion of live brine shrimp relative to the number of unhatched eggs in each condition (as a percent or a ratio). Proportions can be compared across conditions.
  • Mix all the conditions together and count all the live brine shrimp and the total number of unhatched eggs. Report as a ratio.
  • It’s appropriate to eliminate from the data analysis all the conditions that do not support the hypothesis. This will significantly improve the ability to interpret the experiment.

Category 2: What’s on the label?

$200
What does the “Government Warning” on every bottle of alcohol sold in the US, indicate?

  • Women should not drink alcoholic beverages during pregnancy because of the risk of birth defects.
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages impairs your ability to drive a car or operate machinery.
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages may cause health problems.
  • *All of the above are correct.

$400
What does “80 proof” mean?

  • 80% of the population “approof” of this drink.
  • *40% alcohol content by volume
  • 80% alcohol content by volume
  • 80 mls of beverage in the bottle

$600
What type of alcohol is in an alcoholic beverage?

  • *Ethyl (ethanol)
  • Isopropyl (isopropanol)
  • Methyl (methanol)
  • All of the above are correct.

$800
There are 750 mls of wine in a bottle. Thirty mls equals one ounce. If there are 5 ounces of wine in each “drink”, how many “drinks” are there in this bottle of wine?

  • 3
  • *5
  • 7
  • 10

$1000
There are 750 mls of vodka in a bottle. Thirty mls equals one ounce. If there are 1.5 ounces of hard liquor in each “drink”, how many “drinks” are there in this bottle of vodka?

  • 6 or 7
  • 9 or 10
  • 12 or 13
  • *16 or 17

Category 3: The law

$200
Which of the following will allow the sale of alcohol to individuals who are younger than 21 years of age?

  • Nevada
  • District of Columbia
  • Hawaii
  • *None of the above. It is illegal to sell alcohol to anyone below the age of 21 in the US.

$400
What percentage of the criminal justice population is estimated to have alcohol-related birth defects?

  • 5-6%
  • 10-15%
  • 25-35%
  • *50-80%

$600
The reasons why individuals with alcohol-related birth defects are more likely to be convicted of criminal acts may include that they:

  • *do not understand the consequences of breaking laws.
  • deliberately choose to defy the laws of society.
  • are incapable of experiencing fear or remorse.
  • All of the above are correct.

$800
Individuals with alcohol-related birth defects may also experience

  • Poor impulse control
  • Problems understanding cause and effect relationships
  • Poor judgment
  • *All of the above are correct.

$1000
Which of the following dates has been legislated as “Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day” in some communities?

  • January 1
  • February 14
  • *September 9
  • November 23

Category 4: Effects on individuals

$200
Which of the following is associated with prenatal alcohol exposure?

  • Low birth weight
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
  • Miscarriage and stillbirths
  • *All of the above are correct.

$400
Individuals with alcohol-related birth defects are more likely to

  • be victimized by peers (stolen from, tricked, etc.)
  • have difficulty making and keeping friends.
  • be anxious to please others, so that they will gain acceptance.
  • *All of the above are correct.

$600
Prenatal alcohol exposure correlates with increased risk for

  • *depression.
  • obesity.
  • compulsive gambling disorders.
  • All of the above are correct.

$800
What can you do to help a pregnant woman avoid alcohol?

  • Encourage and support the woman’s decision to avoid alcohol.
  • Help her to avoid situations where alcohol is present.
  • Stop drinking, as well.
  • *All of the above are correct.  

$1000
What percentage of pregnancies is estimated to be unplanned?

  • 80%
  • *50%
  • 10%
  • 2%

Category 5: What’s the price?

$200
What are examples of the extra costs the family must absorb to care for an individual with alcohol-related birth defects?

  • medical costs
  • lost wages on the part of the care giver
  • special services
  • *All of the above are correct.

$400
According to the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS), the number of infants affected by alcohol-related birth defects each year exceeds those of

  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Spina bifida
  • Down syndrome
  • *All of the above, combined

$600
According to the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS), which substance of abuse produces the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus?

  • cocaine
  • heroine
  • *alcohol
  • marijuana

$800
In his letter to the President, (see “Learning more…” of this curriculum), John Kellerman, a young man with FAS, requests

  • higher taxes on alcoholic beverages.
  • *improved medical and support services for individuals like himself.
  • more substance abuse centers.
  • All of the above are correct.

$1000
The annual estimated costs of just FAS, the most severe of the alcohol-related birth defects, in the US is in the range of

  • *Billions of dollars
  • 10’s of millions of dollars
  • Millions of dollars
  • Hundreds of thousands of dollars