agenesis: Absence or failure
anomaly: Deviation from what
is normal. Anything structurally unusual or irregular.
The colorless, flammable liquid, ethanol, which is the intoxicating agent in whisky,
gin, rum, beer, wine coolers and other fermented or distilled liquors.
alcohol-related birth defects/ARBD: A term used to describe the
full spectrum of effects attributable to prenatal exposure to alcohol-from subtle
to full fetal alcohol syndrome.
binge drinking: The
drinking of a lot of alcohol at once, but at infrequent periods of time.
birth defect: An abnormality of body structure or function present
conceptus: The product of conception.
CNS (central nervous system): Brain and spinal cord.
corpus callosum: The major connection between the left and right
halves of the brain.
dysgenesis: Defective embryonic development.
embryo: A conceptus, from the time of implantation to approximately
eight weeks (60 days) of human development.
Alcohol Effects/FAE: The presence of some of the symptoms of FAS, but
not enough to be diagnosed as fetal alcohol syndrome (usually the absence of facial
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/FAS: A
full spectrum of mental (central nervous system abnormalities) and physical effects
(reduced growth and typical facial features) caused by prenatal alcohol exposure.
fetus: In humans, the conceptus from approximately eight weeks after fertilization
to the time of birth.
hemisphere: Half of the cerebral
cortex of the brain.
mental retardation: Brain
damage due to genetic conditions, environmental causes, illness or injury that
can affect learning, self-direction and self-care.
The spontaneous aborting of the embryo or early fetus that usually occurs for
no known reason.
philtrum: The groove and
parallel ridges on the face between the nostrils and upper lip.
placenta: A large organ attached to the uterine lining that allows
nutrients and oxygen to pass from mother to fetus via the umbilical cord.
prenatal: Before birth.
Delivery of a dead baby after 20 weeks of gestation.
syndrome: A group of physical signs and symptoms which, when
seen together, characterize a single disorder or disease.
teratogen: A substance that adversely affects embryonic or fetal
trimester: The time period of
three months. Three trimesters occur during pregnancy: the first second and third.
variable: a measurable factor, such as temperature or pressure
which can be changed in an experiment.
“The Fabulous F.A.S. Quiz Show,” The March of Dimes Birth Defects
Foundation and the Washington State Department of Health.