Table 1-11. Percent distribution of past‑year recovery status1 at Wave 2 among individuals in full remission2 from DSM‑IV alcohol dependence at Wave 1, by sex and age group, according to selected respondent characteristics at Wave 1.

Respondent characteristics at Wave 1
and past‑year recovery status at Wave 2

Both sexes

Sex

Age group at Wave 1

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

18–24 years

25–44 years

45–64 years

65 years and older

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Total

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.20

0.99

14.52

1.29

16.50

1.75

23.37

4.96

17.93

1.58

12.26

1.69

7.26

2.73

         Low-risk drinker

27.37

1.30

24.94

1.63

32.07

2.05

15.52

4.74

30.56

1.82

25.73

2.03

22.32

4.02

         Abstainer

36.32

1.35

38.29

1.87

32.50

2.05

17.72

4.80

26.63

1.64

46.34

2.15

60.00

5.06

         Partial remission

17.64

1.00

18.53

1.29

15.93

1.68

37.34

6.10

20.94

1.62

12.46

1.32

10.02

2.77

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.48

0.41

3.72

0.53

3.01

0.73

*6.05

2.88

3.94

0.68

3.20

0.62

*0.40

0.40

Race/Ethnicity

                           

    White, Not Hispanic or Latino

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.44

1.19

15.87

1.48

17.49

2.02

25.43

5.49

19.19

1.92

13.51

1.92

*8.55

3.22

         Low-risk drinker

28.33

1.46

25.56

1.87

33.47

2.29

16.04

5.20

31.58

2.06

26.56

2.28

25.36

4.58

         Abstainer

34.47

1.55

37.03

2.16

29.72

2.22

17.48

5.18

24.28

1.86

44.89

2.44

55.47

5.48

         Partial remission

17.45

1.17

18.14

1.50

16.17

1.90

34.26

6.30

21.20

1.93

12.02

1.46

10.62

3.19

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.31

0.47

3.40

0.60

3.14

0.85

*6.80

3.22

3.74

0.76

3.03

0.67

    Black, Not Hispanic or Latino

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

10.51

2.59

12.39

3.12

*6.46

2.99

15.06

4.41

*7.64

2.65

         Low-risk drinker

15.07

2.44

11.91

2.74

21.90

5.66

*20.24

22.83

17.95

4.11

13.22

3.89

*7.23

5.83

         Abstainer

55.48

4.79

52.09

5.68

62.80

6.47

48.13

6.83

60.25

5.80

80.03

7.44

         Partial remission

15.20

2.75

18.85

3.85

*7.32

2.97

*79.76

22.83

17.48

4.54

12.21

4.51

*7.83

5.07

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*3.74

1.57

*4.76

2.22

*1.53

1.10

*1.37

1.07

*6.68

3.90

*4.91

4.81

    American Indian/Alaska Native, Not Hispanic or Latino

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

*15.70

5.48

*12.25

7.07

*21.52

8.71

*23.82

8.73

*7.35

5.68

         Low-risk drinker

27.26

6.27

*21.77

7.85

*36.51

11.64

*30.14

9.37

*26.41

9.35

         Abstainer

41.91

7.94

44.55

10.54

*37.46

13.36

*28.25

11.63

55.00

11.30

*78.41

21.36

         Partial remission

*7.91

3.55

*9.93

4.76

*4.51

4.46

*4.08

3.70

*11.24

6.68

*21.59

21.36

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*7.21

3.71

*11.50

6.04

*13.71

6.66

    Asian/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, Not Hispanic or
    Latino

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

*5.31

3.23

*5.04

3.50

*7.67

5.91

*4.33

3.52

*13.94

8.39

         Low-risk drinker

*36.28

12.79

*39.72

14.25

*6.78

6.97

*41.26

16.13

*40.47

20.82

         Abstainer

*33.96

9.41

*32.90

10.28

*42.98

21.11

*32.30

12.62

*27.84

24.95

*100.00

0.00

         Partial remission

*22.56

7.88

*22.34

8.42

*24.46

16.93

*100.00

0.00

*19.51

8.74

*17.75

17.79

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*1.89

1.73

*18.11

16.50

*2.60

2.44

    Hispanic or Latino

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

7.13

2.04

*5.91

2.44

9.97

3.53

*10.11

7.33

9.68

3.17

*2.34

1.15

*1.61

1.76

         Low-risk drinker

25.31

4.41

26.75

5.70

21.96

4.70

*12.65

11.81

27.69

6.42

25.43

5.51

*8.60

6.87

         Abstainer

37.74

5.78

38.21

7.19

36.66

6.40

*29.36

15.42

29.38

6.66

47.47

9.00

*89.79

7.41

         Partial remission

26.32

4.63

25.55

5.54

28.10

6.81

*47.87

17.78

29.79

5.74

19.98

8.02

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.50

1.25

*3.57

1.64

*3.31

2.07

*3.45

1.74

*4.78

2.66

Marital Status

                           

    Married

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.22

1.38

15.58

1.69

17.70

2.57

*17.25

8.68

19.43

2.02

13.85

2.34

*7.27

3.68

         Low-risk drinker

30.00

1.70

27.06

2.05

36.87

2.87

32.25

9.76

32.60

2.26

26.93

2.64

27.30

5.55

         Abstainer

35.07

1.85

37.95

2.35

28.37

2.87

*14.14

6.43

26.07

2.21

44.30

3.05

54.82

6.68

         Partial remission

15.83

1.24

16.52

1.54

14.23

2.24

*24.05

8.99

19.34

1.80

11.80

1.80

*10.02

3.73

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.87

0.50

2.89

0.60

2.84

0.95

*12.32

6.75

2.56

0.71

3.11

0.80

*0.59

0.59

    Living with someone as if married

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.29

5.22

*10.74

4.77

*27.77

10.10

*14.51

13.67

*15.24

5.74

*20.06

10.67

         Low-risk drinker

21.95

5.00

22.55

6.50

*20.70

7.66

*19.47

17.28

23.84

6.72

*20.06

8.22

         Abstainer

20.01

4.89

19.54

5.87

*20.99

8.08

*6.63

4.44

*12.89

5.35

40.21

10.48

         Partial remission

32.88

6.73

35.58

8.29

*27.27

9.10

*59.39

18.96

34.76

8.42

*17.00

8.68

*100.00

0.00

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*8.87

3.64

*11.58

5.22

*3.28

2.51

*13.28

5.68

*2.68

2.68

    Widowed

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

*5.38

2.57

*7.49

5.12

*4.11

2.67

*7.45

4.23

*3.92

3.41

         Low-risk drinker

17.37

5.46

*20.13

7.61

*15.72

6.85

*39.16

20.54

*20.59

8.90

*10.21

5.34

         Abstainer

61.98

7.02

61.96

9.84

61.99

9.33

*9.19

9.11

58.08

11.17

74.94

7.79

         Partial remission

14.11

4.17

*10.43

5.62

*16.33

5.70

*51.65

20.41

*11.54

6.06

*10.93

5.48

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*1.15

1.15

*1.85

1.84

*2.34

2.33

    Divorced

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

10.54

1.87

10.45

2.46

10.64

2.80

16.39

4.41

7.35

1.91

*8.32

5.65

         Low-risk drinker

23.69

3.13

19.14

4.03

28.78

4.95

23.95

5.76

24.13

4.07

*20.77

8.32

         Abstainer

43.82

3.44

46.35

4.42

40.99

5.31

31.61

5.73

49.07

4.46

66.13

9.83

         Partial remission

18.87

2.81

19.86

4.20

17.77

3.54

*100.00

0.00

26.08

5.46

15.31

3.23

*4.78

4.65

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.08

1.18

*4.20

1.80

*1.83

1.55

*1.98

1.15

*4.14

1.93

    Separated

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.26

5.10

*12.36

6.07

*19.03

8.34

*24.96

8.90

*5.56

3.94

         Low-risk drinker

*12.24

5.40

*11.22

6.42

*13.57

8.72

*10.51

7.04

*15.12

8.95

         Abstainer

55.48

7.18

62.31

10.16

46.57

9.77

*100.00

0.00

35.43

9.30

74.52

9.93

*100.00

0.00

         Partial remission

*11.33

4.43

*11.61

6.69

*10.96

5.55

*20.71

7.95

*1.69

1.71

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*5.70

3.33

*2.50

2.50

*9.86

6.81

*8.40

5.73

*3.11

3.11

    Never married

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.19

2.41

14.74

3.21

18.95

3.79

30.63

7.03

13.27

3.21

*12.16

4.62

*16.38

15.20

         Low-risk drinker

24.82

3.97

22.05

4.90

30.08

5.95

*2.86

2.02

31.10

5.41

29.01

6.35

         Abstainer

32.93

3.07

34.82

4.34

29.34

4.98

*21.66

7.48

30.29

4.00

43.73

6.32

*83.62

15.20

         Partial remission

21.25

2.98

23.17

4.02

17.58

4.11

42.23

9.64

18.85

4.49

12.90

3.86

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.81

1.25

5.21

1.58

*4.06

2.10

*2.62

2.61

6.49

1.87

*2.20

1.65

Ever Had Children (Including Step, Adopted, Foster)

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.13

1.19

15.20

1.57

15.00

2.01

*18.57

7.50

18.84

1.87

12.67

1.93

*6.46

2.83

         Low-risk drinker

26.95

1.50

24.28

1.88

32.01

2.25

*30.30

9.69

29.19

2.11

24.97

2.19

23.55

4.28

         Abstainer

39.36

1.54

41.50

2.12

35.30

2.34

*22.75

7.76

28.80

2.11

47.72

2.38

59.79

5.20

         Partial remission

15.34

1.07

15.91

1.37

14.24

1.73

20.36

6.31

19.65

1.69

11.38

1.43

9.76

2.89

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.23

0.46

3.11

0.55

3.45

0.86

*8.03

5.49

3.52

0.76

3.26

0.67

*0.44

0.44

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.42

1.99

12.24

2.31

22.01

3.78

26.20

6.30

15.35

2.85

10.03

2.62

*15.42

10.18

         Low-risk drinker

28.83

2.86

27.16

3.45

32.30

4.58

*6.81

3.97

34.43

3.89

29.95

4.66

*9.82

6.92

         Abstainer

25.78

2.23

27.51

3.13

22.18

3.72

*14.75

6.08

20.50

2.72

38.71

4.66

62.16

14.21

         Partial remission

25.63

2.64

27.32

3.39

22.12

3.80

47.35

8.24

24.61

3.94

18.42

3.75

*12.60

9.85

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.34

1.06

5.76

1.52

*1.38

0.96

*4.89

3.24

5.11

1.52

*2.89

1.69

Children Ages Below 13 Living in Household

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.70

1.71

16.78

2.19

16.58

2.75

*13.39

6.14

18.13

2.06

11.96

3.59

         Low-risk drinker

29.15

2.00

24.82

2.50

36.16

3.01

32.90

9.51

31.34

2.35

18.71

4.05

*16.98

16.35

         Abstainer

31.97

2.19

34.22

2.91

28.31

3.16

*20.72

7.33

27.46

2.41

53.50

5.40

*83.02

16.35

         Partial remission

18.40

1.71

20.75

2.33

14.60

2.42

25.68

8.15

19.23

1.91

13.22

4.08

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.78

0.78

3.43

0.97

4.35

1.41

*7.31

5.05

3.84

0.89

*2.60

1.48

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.33

1.13

13.35

1.60

16.44

2.13

30.23

6.61

17.67

2.20

12.33

1.76

7.49

2.80

         Low-risk drinker

26.34

1.60

25.00

2.00

29.24

2.73

*3.58

2.26

29.54

2.75

27.14

2.27

22.48

4.04

         Abstainer

38.82

1.77

40.41

2.40

35.41

2.62

*15.65

6.37

25.54

2.44

44.90

2.31

59.28

5.05

         Partial remission

17.21

1.35

17.37

1.67

16.85

2.30

45.35

8.21

23.18

2.87

12.31

1.37

10.33

2.84

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.30

0.48

3.87

0.66

2.07

0.76

*5.19

3.42

4.07

1.04

3.32

0.66

*0.42

0.42

Education

                           

    11 years or less

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.69

2.99

13.38

3.82

*10.89

3.84

*27.52

22.48

16.03

4.97

*9.98

4.57

*8.42

4.87

         Low-risk drinker

21.44

3.45

21.39

4.18

21.57

6.47

*4.95

5.23

33.02

6.04

14.08

4.13

*12.61

5.97

         Abstainer

49.25

4.06

46.73

5.03

55.81

6.99

*11.93

11.04

33.05

6.34

59.63

5.64

71.38

9.06

         Partial remission

11.04

2.52

11.86

3.23

*8.89

3.46

*55.60

21.62

12.40

3.60

*8.09

3.58

*7.58

7.15

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

5.58

1.51

6.64

1.93

*2.84

1.68

*5.50

2.99

*8.22

2.04

    12 years

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

13.27

1.83

12.55

2.44

14.82

3.61

*15.98

9.88

16.14

2.96

12.02

3.19

*2.69

2.66

         Low-risk drinker

23.51

2.37

20.84

2.85

29.19

4.16

*13.60

7.61

25.09

3.90

22.77

3.55

23.87

7.39

         Abstainer

43.92

2.59

48.06

3.48

35.09

4.45

*22.44

9.44

34.20

3.71

53.50

4.44

64.92

8.70

         Partial remission

14.85

1.89

14.37

2.24

15.87

3.58

*33.45

12.73

18.82

3.08

9.40

2.23

*7.28

3.88

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.45

0.98

4.18

1.13

*5.04

1.81

*14.52

8.02

5.76

1.57

*2.32

1.12

*1.23

1.23

    13–15 years

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.29

1.60

12.52

1.87

19.91

3.04

24.54

6.20

18.29

2.83

10.43

2.17

*7.42

5.08

         Low-risk drinker

27.78

1.98

25.91

2.69

30.91

3.15

*19.74

7.34

30.41

2.95

26.85

3.44

*20.38

7.02

         Abstainer

35.48

2.19

39.10

3.01

29.45

3.29

*18.10

6.91

27.86

2.76

46.96

4.00

52.42

9.57

         Partial remission

18.78

1.79

18.96

2.36

18.46

2.70

34.48

7.76

20.34

2.59

13.40

2.42

*19.78

7.26

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.68

0.62

3.52

1.00

*1.28

0.75

*3.15

3.01

3.10

1.02

*2.36

1.06

    16 or more years

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

18.21

2.06

19.78

2.79

15.24

2.80

*38.62

15.94

19.75

2.95

16.19

3.00

*12.30

6.60

         Low-risk drinker

33.51

2.64

29.95

3.15

40.23

4.11

*2.30

2.37

34.89

3.50

33.22

4.07

30.94

8.35

         Abstainer

23.71

2.33

22.41

2.90

26.15

3.83

*2.85

2.92

16.21

2.66

30.89

4.04

49.09

8.73

         Partial remission

22.00

2.25

25.79

3.19

14.84

2.73

*56.23

16.16

26.38

3.35

16.77

3.01

*7.66

4.05

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.57

0.79

*2.06

0.83

*3.54

1.68

*2.76

1.15

*2.92

1.40

Currently Employed Full Time

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

17.51

1.26

17.78

1.64

16.72

2.40

22.83

6.86

19.62

1.89

14.06

2.11

         Low-risk drinker

27.72

1.53

24.82

1.85

35.96

3.06

19.09

6.45

29.05

2.18

27.26

2.65

*1.94

1.98

         Abstainer

32.16

1.66

33.75

2.08

27.65

2.72

*9.98

3.97

25.74

1.91

43.46

2.82

78.70

12.53

         Partial remission

18.94

1.27

20.31

1.60

15.04

2.27

43.23

7.59

21.69

1.91

11.96

1.66

*19.36

12.30

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.67

0.57

3.33

0.66

4.63

1.32

*4.87

3.39

3.90

0.82

3.26

0.86

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

11.18

1.59

6.46

1.70

16.28

2.56

*24.25

7.64

13.55

2.92

8.98

2.40

7.67

2.88

         Low-risk drinker

26.76

2.11

25.23

2.98

28.41

2.72

*9.67

5.75

34.47

3.88

22.93

2.92

23.46

4.19

         Abstainer

43.53

2.33

49.51

3.73

37.07

2.79

*30.40

9.98

28.93

3.25

51.61

3.46

58.95

5.29

         Partial remission

15.40

1.78

14.13

2.54

16.76

2.41

*27.68

9.85

19.00

3.36

13.39

2.32

9.49

2.87

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.13

0.69

4.67

1.19

*1.47

0.64

*8.00

5.40

4.04

1.20

*3.10

1.18

*0.43

0.43

Family Annual Income

                           

    $0 to $19,999

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

11.95

1.93

11.00

2.94

13.15

3.07

*27.62

9.31

17.76

3.76

*4.69

1.78

*8.31

4.13

         Low-risk drinker

19.36

2.38

16.76

3.17

22.67

3.69

*20.60

9.22

20.53

4.20

21.13

3.78

*10.21

4.77

         Abstainer

51.12

3.23

51.73

4.88

50.35

4.60

*12.87

6.19

37.25

5.14

63.07

4.39

76.34

6.27

         Partial remission

13.89

2.40

15.13

3.78

12.33

2.77

38.92

10.64

19.05

5.20

7.46

2.08

*3.73

2.21

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.68

1.16

*5.39

1.91

*1.50

0.97

*5.41

2.55

*3.65

1.60

*1.42

1.42

    $20,000 to $34,999

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

13.37

2.19

11.35

2.64

17.25

3.91

*25.25

10.01

14.28

3.00

13.52

4.01

*0.25

0.25

         Low-risk drinker

26.86

2.91

23.67

3.28

32.98

4.92

*21.19

8.82

30.33

4.55

23.72

4.40

25.98

7.83

         Abstainer

40.70

2.98

47.12

3.85

28.39

4.75

*9.61

4.84

33.16

4.55

51.01

5.20

65.65

8.32

         Partial remission

15.66

2.09

13.61

2.35

19.59

4.01

*34.42

9.11

17.87

3.41

10.16

2.66

*8.12

4.12

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.40

1.02

4.24

1.44

*1.79

1.28

*9.53

6.24

4.36

1.56

*1.58

1.57

    $35,000 to $69,999

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.73

1.43

13.08

1.81

11.95

2.41

*17.45

9.48

15.51

2.31

9.17

2.19

*9.48

5.26

         Low-risk drinker

28.27

2.15

26.04

2.65

33.36

4.00

*1.66

1.24

33.46

3.03

22.77

3.25

31.81

7.74

         Abstainer

35.59

2.27

37.12

3.23

32.10

3.66

*31.16

14.22

25.36

2.73

47.20

3.93

50.19

8.34

         Partial remission

19.73

2.05

20.31

2.58

18.40

3.21

*38.69

13.34

22.08

3.07

17.00

2.86

*8.51

4.76

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.68

0.72

3.45

0.83

*4.20

1.51

*11.04

7.55

3.58

1.07

3.86

1.03

    $70,000 or more

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

21.73

2.30

20.48

2.82

24.29

4.16

*17.62

15.73

23.12

3.44

20.60

3.66

*14.58

12.92

         Low-risk drinker

31.40

2.59

28.44

3.10

37.50

4.11

*12.24

11.64

31.12

3.74

33.95

4.08

*19.18

10.00

         Abstainer

25.17

2.32

26.96

2.81

21.48

3.70

*30.17

18.23

20.09

2.72

31.35

4.29

*35.94

12.24

         Partial remission

18.57

2.13

21.24

2.83

13.07

3.16

*39.98

18.64

22.14

3.03

11.08

2.51

*30.30

13.18

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.14

0.83

2.88

0.94

*3.67

1.60

3.53

1.17

*3.03

1.23

Born in the United States

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.62

1.02

15.09

1.35

16.59

1.78

25.44

5.28

18.50

1.63

12.38

1.74

*7.62

2.88

         Low-risk drinker

27.46

1.34

24.86

1.70

32.25

2.09

16.89

5.14

30.36

1.91

25.74

2.09

23.65

4.09

         Abstainer

36.15

1.34

38.16

1.88

32.43

2.10

17.87

5.09

26.40

1.68

46.39

2.17

58.14

4.96

         Partial remission

17.41

1.01

18.20

1.35

15.97

1.71

33.21

6.09

20.95

1.66

12.46

1.33

10.16

2.86

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.36

0.41

3.69

0.56

2.76

0.72

*6.59

3.12

3.80

0.69

3.03

0.61

*0.43

0.43

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

*6.15

2.30

*5.43

2.43

*11.15

7.57

*6.59

3.32

*9.00

6.06

*1.22

1.22

         Low-risk drinker

25.52

4.85

26.14

5.30

*21.20

12.17

34.63

7.30

25.43

8.56

         Abstainer

39.85

6.16

40.34

6.80

*36.48

13.44

*15.93

13.06

31.22

7.26

44.75

13.15

*91.21

8.80

         Partial remission

22.58

5.91

23.89

6.78

*13.52

7.91

*84.07

13.06

*20.83

7.32

*12.55

10.12

*7.56

7.58

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*5.90

2.49

*4.21

2.24

*17.65

11.47

*6.74

4.07

*8.27

4.95

Family Structure Before Age 18

                           

    Both biological/adoptive parents in the household

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.53

2.11

14.70

2.89

16.80

3.15

24.03

7.55

15.47

2.91

14.85

4.64

         Low-risk drinker

25.30

2.52

21.46

3.21

31.24

4.15

*13.71

6.01

29.14

3.48

22.68

4.82

*7.12

6.86

         Abstainer

33.74

2.82

33.99

3.77

33.35

4.33

*19.06

7.22

28.07

3.41

44.21

5.67

92.88

6.86

         Partial remission

20.62

2.27

23.61

3.25

16.00

3.32

35.62

9.32

23.37

3.18

11.73

3.93

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.81

1.25

6.23

1.83

*2.61

1.44

*7.58

5.21

*3.96

1.47

*6.54

2.82

    Only biological mother ever in the household (father never
    present)

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.31

1.20

14.96

1.59

16.07

2.13

*25.68

8.26

18.60

2.11

12.33

1.94

8.78

3.25

         Low-risk drinker

28.70

1.63

26.28

2.00

33.90

2.72

*12.36

5.99

31.80

2.42

27.51

2.40

24.07

4.25

         Abstainer

35.94

1.68

38.01

2.28

31.48

2.60

*21.68

8.10

25.12

2.08

44.56

2.69

56.14

5.34

         Partial remission

16.99

1.28

17.59

1.61

15.69

2.01

36.52

9.31

20.66

2.09

12.86

1.55

10.52

3.16

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.05

0.50

3.15

0.58

2.85

0.92

*3.76

3.69

3.81

0.85

2.74

0.66

*0.49

0.49

    Biological/adoptive parents divorced or no longer living
    together

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.21

3.70

10.70

3.61

19.27

7.75

*14.71

11.82

20.56

6.14

*7.72

3.81

         Low-risk drinker

21.28

3.93

21.52

5.11

20.92

5.41

*34.89

18.75

27.42

7.08

13.46

4.08

         Abstainer

43.13

4.63

48.73

6.20

35.05

6.35

29.39

6.50

65.32

6.81

*71.69

14.04

         Partial remission

17.20

3.03

15.74

3.97

19.32

5.33

*40.01

17.78

17.35

4.38

*11.38

4.21

*28.31

14.04

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*4.18

1.74

*3.31

1.87

*5.45

2.97

*10.39

10.02

*5.28

2.79

*2.12

1.28

    Raised by relatives, by foster parents, or in an institution

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

*9.02

4.63

*7.10

5.51

*12.03

8.59

*17.46

10.99

*8.41

6.34

         Low-risk drinker

*26.69

10.35

*19.60

12.46

*37.84

17.16

*5.75

4.41

*32.82

17.17

*51.28

27.09

         Abstainer

57.97

11.02

*64.16

14.17

*48.23

17.72

*76.79

11.77

*54.68

17.53

*48.72

27.09

         Partial remission

*6.32

4.77

*9.13

7.62

*1.90

1.98

*100.00

0.00

*4.10

3.14

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

Before Age 18, Family Received Government Assistance

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

18.71

2.88

15.35

3.23

24.17

4.91

*39.70

10.74

19.76

4.19

13.75

4.77

         Low-risk drinker

22.49

2.74

20.71

3.57

25.39

4.05

*15.26

7.90

25.91

4.03

19.23

4.43

*9.26

8.13

         Abstainer

36.73

3.37

40.78

4.51

30.13

4.79

*20.60

8.87

28.90

4.45

51.77

6.30

76.73

12.07

         Partial remission

16.42

2.33

16.91

3.13

15.64

3.03

*19.63

7.68

20.21

3.54

*7.39

2.67

*14.01

10.06

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

5.64

1.30

6.24

1.83

*4.67

1.95

*4.80

4.70

5.22

1.63

*7.87

3.15

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.51

1.08

14.37

1.43

14.78

1.76

17.45

5.29

17.48

1.70

12.07

1.82

8.06

3.01

         Low-risk drinker

28.32

1.42

25.71

1.80

33.56

2.38

15.61

5.59

31.72

1.98

26.59

2.16

23.75

4.27

         Abstainer

36.23

1.46

37.83

1.99

33.03

2.35

16.67

5.85

26.06

1.85

45.62

2.40

58.16

5.21

         Partial remission

17.88

1.08

18.82

1.39

15.99

1.94

43.75

7.29

21.13

1.76

13.13

1.45

9.58

2.82

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.05

0.43

3.26

0.56

2.63

0.76

*6.51

3.64

3.62

0.76

2.59

0.59

*0.45

0.45

Before Age 18, Ever in Jail or Juvenile Detention Center

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

17.58

3.43

18.15

4.13

*15.85

5.20

*35.18

13.00

18.85

5.37

*12.92

4.86

*5.05

4.57

         Low-risk drinker

12.82

2.84

13.86

3.42

*9.68

4.24

*11.02

10.20

13.51

4.13

11.83

4.31

*15.45

10.22

         Abstainer

49.88

4.85

47.46

5.79

57.18

7.39

*21.32

10.81

51.21

7.03

58.14

7.20

*43.02

15.58

         Partial remission

11.39

2.66

11.54

3.19

*10.94

4.72

*24.48

11.12

*7.64

2.76

*7.63

3.30

*36.48

17.75

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

8.33

2.33

8.99

2.85

*6.35

4.38

*8.01

7.67

*8.79

3.23

*9.48

4.41

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.94

1.10

14.08

1.40

16.55

1.87

20.18

5.31

17.84

1.71

12.20

1.76

*7.46

2.97

         Low-risk drinker

28.92

1.32

26.31

1.69

33.77

2.13

16.73

5.27

32.34

1.88

27.05

2.17

22.94

4.18

         Abstainer

34.87

1.43

37.16

2.02

30.63

2.09

16.75

5.58

24.06

1.66

45.22

2.27

61.54

5.28

         Partial remission

18.31

1.09

19.39

1.43

16.30

1.74

40.81

7.07

22.34

1.78

12.92

1.42

7.62

2.33

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.96

0.42

3.07

0.51

2.75

0.73

*5.53

3.01

3.43

0.68

2.61

0.57

*0.44

0.44

Before Age 18, Physically Abused by Parent/Caretaker

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

13.42

4.54

*9.20

5.07

18.25

7.47

*32.97

21.41

*17.13

7.06

*4.37

2.26

         Low-risk drinker

17.74

3.61

9.43

3.65

27.21

6.09

19.00

5.00

19.71

6.27

*4.27

4.61

         Abstainer

51.35

6.19

56.13

8.75

45.89

7.54

*52.51

24.48

44.88

7.57

59.20

8.08

*95.73

4.61

         Partial remission

10.26

2.75

*13.23

4.72

*6.87

2.82

13.12

4.15

*7.73

3.83

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

7.23

2.59

*12.01

4.57

*1.79

1.78

*14.52

14.22

*5.88

2.90

*8.99

4.77

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.33

1.01

14.85

1.36

16.30

1.82

22.45

5.42

18.01

1.57

12.79

1.77

7.44

2.79

         Low-risk drinker

28.12

1.37

25.90

1.72

32.60

2.21

17.01

5.10

31.64

1.95

26.13

2.13

22.76

4.12

         Abstainer

35.15

1.37

37.19

1.89

31.03

2.19

14.36

4.36

24.92

1.64

45.48

2.22

59.12

5.17

         Partial remission

18.22

1.03

18.86

1.35

16.92

1.86

40.94

6.14

21.68

1.65

12.78

1.39

10.26

2.83

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.18

0.40

3.21

0.50

3.14

0.79

*5.24

2.86

3.75

0.69

2.82

0.59

*0.41

0.41

Before Age 18, Seriously Neglected by Parent/Caretaker

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

10.74

4.15

*5.70

3.06

*16.02

7.51

*30.54

17.62

*14.50

7.41

*4.24

2.26

         Low-risk drinker

24.43

4.54

22.02

6.02

26.95

6.80

22.65

6.18

32.15

7.91

*17.55

15.49

         Abstainer

50.87

5.16

56.24

7.31

45.25

7.10

*8.79

8.61

48.09

7.62

56.16

8.38

*82.45

15.49

         Partial remission

10.62

2.95

*11.99

4.78

*9.19

3.35

*47.21

18.30

*12.51

4.83

*3.77

2.83

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*3.34

1.74

*4.05

2.87

*2.59

1.93

*13.46

12.52

*2.25

2.23

*3.67

2.72

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.54

1.03

15.04

1.35

16.55

1.82

22.62

5.10

18.20

1.60

12.87

1.78

7.71

2.88

         Low-risk drinker

27.59

1.34

25.11

1.67

32.65

2.22

17.15

5.20

31.17

1.89

25.24

2.11

22.61

4.15

         Abstainer

35.20

1.37

37.24

1.91

31.05

2.16

18.65

5.17

24.97

1.66

45.59

2.25

58.63

5.23

         Partial remission

18.18

1.07

18.91

1.35

16.69

1.82

36.30

6.13

21.59

1.69

13.12

1.42

10.63

2.91

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.49

0.42

3.70

0.54

3.05

0.79

*5.28

2.89

4.07

0.70

3.17

0.64

*0.43

0.43

Before Age 18, Saw Serious Fights at Home

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

11.97

2.60

9.15

3.11

15.44

3.77

*22.27

12.82

18.54

4.43

*2.82

1.11

         Low-risk drinker

23.84

2.80

16.16

3.45

33.33

4.39

23.91

3.70

27.31

4.71

*14.13

8.11

         Abstainer

42.27

3.56

50.44

5.00

32.18

3.99

*29.89

14.04

33.07

4.55

53.37

5.20

71.23

11.74

         Partial remission

15.93

2.34

16.92

3.18

14.70

3.30

*27.12

13.42

16.52

3.23

14.11

3.39

*14.64

9.94

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

5.99

1.53

7.32

2.34

*4.35

1.85

*20.72

13.00

7.96

2.43

*2.39

1.39

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.92

1.05

15.49

1.44

16.83

1.96

23.56

5.37

17.78

1.67

14.34

1.95

8.11

3.04

         Low-risk drinker

28.15

1.48

26.52

1.85

31.68

2.39

18.12

5.47

32.22

2.18

25.38

2.16

23.26

4.36

         Abstainer

34.99

1.47

36.10

2.04

32.60

2.40

15.67

5.03

25.02

1.84

44.79

2.45

58.70

5.40

         Partial remission

18.02

1.10

18.82

1.43

16.31

1.89

39.05

6.76

22.05

1.81

12.10

1.49

9.48

2.85

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.92

0.40

3.07

0.50

2.58

0.78

*3.59

2.48

2.93

0.61

3.38

0.73

*0.45

0.45

Before Age 18, Parent/Other Adult in Home Was Alcoholic

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.60

1.75

13.27

2.21

16.59

2.66

*18.97

7.06

18.80

2.71

10.30

2.35

*1.84

1.84

         Low-risk drinker

25.04

2.09

20.98

2.90

31.11

2.99

*22.03

9.06

24.39

2.50

26.53

3.47

*23.29

7.92

         Abstainer

41.02

2.37

44.83

3.31

35.33

3.43

*19.53

7.89

32.67

2.85

51.15

3.95

66.43

8.74

         Partial remission

15.07

1.50

15.93

2.01

13.78

2.26

*26.56

8.97

19.88

2.51

8.19

1.75

*8.44

6.38

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.27

0.87

4.99

1.26

3.19

1.15

*12.90

6.49

4.26

1.24

3.83

1.27

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.54

1.25

15.15

1.68

16.43

2.31

25.92

6.32

17.40

1.94

13.44

2.10

*9.10

3.55

         Low-risk drinker

28.72

1.66

26.92

2.07

32.80

2.60

*11.75

5.00

34.33

2.48

25.25

2.39

21.99

4.53

         Abstainer

33.59

1.61

35.02

2.23

30.36

2.65

16.67

6.04

22.94

1.91

43.46

2.75

57.83

5.91

         Partial remission

19.13

1.33

19.83

1.66

17.55

2.45

43.58

7.86

21.59

2.13

15.02

1.82

10.55

3.07

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.02

0.48

3.09

0.56

2.86

0.98

*2.09

2.08

3.74

0.84

2.83

0.70

*0.54

0.54

Ever Had No Regular Place to Live Lasting 1+ Months

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.10

3.39

12.86

3.77

*16.64

6.98

*28.18

14.36

15.20

4.65

*10.94

4.73

*8.79

8.59

         Low-risk drinker

15.13

2.95

15.86

4.23

13.63

4.51

*6.60

6.96

19.92

5.19

*11.38

3.93

*24.71

15.62

         Abstainer

49.06

4.15

48.20

5.77

50.82

7.65

*23.09

11.83

45.12

7.02

56.71

6.14

*58.62

17.43

         Partial remission

13.17

2.80

13.40

3.74

12.70

4.48

*34.62

13.38

10.36

3.43

12.27

4.41

*7.89

7.78

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

8.54

2.32

9.68

3.00

*6.21

3.57

*7.50

7.20

*9.39

3.94

*8.70

3.70

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.31

1.04

14.70

1.32

16.48

1.78

22.38

5.17

18.17

1.68

12.44

1.80

*7.19

2.87

         Low-risk drinker

28.66

1.38

25.91

1.71

33.94

2.22

17.35

5.47

31.50

1.91

27.59

2.29

22.20

4.00

         Abstainer

34.97

1.48

37.22

2.00

30.64

2.19

16.61

5.22

25.00

1.68

44.99

2.44

60.07

5.26

         Partial remission

18.11

1.09

19.08

1.44

16.25

1.78

37.89

6.57

21.88

1.73

12.49

1.44

10.12

2.87

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.94

0.41

3.08

0.51

2.68

0.74

*5.76

3.14

3.45

0.66

2.49

0.56

*0.42

0.42

Self-Perceived Current Health

                           

    Excellent/Very good

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

18.34

1.44

17.45

1.82

20.12

2.51

25.86

6.24

19.75

2.11

15.68

2.63

*8.58

6.10

         Low-risk drinker

29.54

1.85

26.93

2.30

34.71

2.82

16.98

5.85

30.70

2.43

30.45

3.24

25.86

6.60

         Abstainer

27.30

1.66

28.80

2.11

24.32

2.73

*12.88

4.59

22.10

2.02

36.66

3.16

49.35

8.18

         Partial remission

21.68

1.51

23.53

2.09

18.00

2.52

39.61

7.10

24.02

2.28

14.46

2.04

*16.20

5.42

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.14

0.55

3.28

0.74

2.85

0.96

*4.67

3.16

3.44

0.76

*2.75

1.03

    Good

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.22

1.95

12.59

2.70

11.60

2.71

*15.82

10.55

14.40

3.00

12.10

2.96

*3.71

2.74

         Low-risk drinker

28.62

2.47

26.34

3.08

32.45

4.06

*15.28

8.89

34.06

4.13

24.74

3.58

27.18

7.84

         Abstainer

43.39

2.65

46.20

3.71

38.69

4.05

*36.04

15.95

33.77

3.91

47.97

4.39

63.24

8.38

         Partial remission

12.34

1.84

11.70

2.62

13.41

2.38

*17.84

10.30

14.49

2.94

11.56

2.72

*5.88

4.58

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.43

0.89

3.18

1.03

*3.86

1.65

*15.02

9.99

*3.28

1.33

*3.63

1.33

    Fair/Poor

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

9.82

1.89

8.44

2.22

12.84

3.51

*19.96

17.87

14.55

3.98

6.18

1.90

*10.09

4.89

         Low-risk drinker

19.07

2.29

17.44

2.72

22.66

4.12

*4.19

4.43

23.67

4.35

18.25

3.04

*12.65

5.39

         Abstainer

54.17

3.00

56.51

3.84

49.02

5.37

*25.80

21.35

38.09

5.13

62.48

3.78

67.72

7.39

         Partial remission

12.35

1.82

11.89

2.44

13.37

2.77

*50.05

22.42

16.00

3.42

9.56

2.15

*8.22

4.47

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.59

1.24

5.72

1.70

*2.10

1.07

*7.70

2.92

*3.54

1.30

*1.32

1.32

Currently Covered by Health Insurance

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.66

1.14

14.92

1.42

17.12

1.93

25.57

6.06

18.76

1.85

12.80

1.81

7.26

2.73

         Low-risk drinker

28.11

1.43

25.25

1.75

33.78

2.26

*14.52

5.46

31.08

1.96

27.21

2.26

22.32

4.02

         Abstainer

35.30

1.44

38.04

1.98

29.85

2.08

*15.77

5.68

24.97

1.69

44.22

2.21

60.00

5.06

         Partial remission

17.72

1.07

18.69

1.42

15.80

1.76

38.15

7.51

21.34

1.74

12.94

1.48

10.02

2.77

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.22

0.45

3.10

0.53

3.45

0.87

*5.99

3.43

3.85

0.76

2.83

0.63

*0.40

0.40

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.54

2.24

12.10

3.36

13.28

4.55

*17.75

8.13

13.94

3.22

*8.76

3.97

         Low-risk drinker

23.10

3.26

23.03

4.38

23.22

4.58

*18.07

9.08

28.04

4.69

15.98

4.19

         Abstainer

42.19

3.37

39.79

4.11

46.21

6.06

*22.70

8.89

34.66

4.40

60.30

6.07

         Partial remission

17.21

2.56

17.57

3.39

16.60

4.53

*35.26

11.64

19.00

3.60

*9.30

3.54

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.96

1.40

7.51

2.13

*0.69

0.69

*6.23

5.82

*4.35

1.73

*5.66

2.30

Tobacco Use Status

                           

    Current user

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.74

1.41

14.80

1.86

14.61

2.32

28.34

7.89

17.79

2.32

10.78

2.12

*1.67

1.66

         Low-risk drinker

22.89

1.84

19.67

2.24

29.64

3.03

*12.89

5.91

27.43

3.06

19.17

2.49

*22.33

7.52

         Abstainer

38.82

2.00

41.18

2.56

33.88

3.14

*12.55

4.88

25.88

2.75

53.85

3.11

70.00

8.02

         Partial remission

18.38

1.44

18.48

1.85

18.17

2.79

40.10

7.77

22.75

2.50

11.74

1.87

*6.00

3.92

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

5.17

0.70

5.87

0.95

3.70

1.16

*6.12

4.02

6.15

1.25

4.47

1.00

    Ex-user

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.43

1.61

10.42

2.01

16.79

2.94

*2.21

2.27

16.09

3.05

11.93

2.45

*7.80

3.20

         Low-risk drinker

29.48

2.53

29.65

3.13

29.11

3.48

*24.06

11.54

31.44

3.90

31.73

3.55

20.70

4.70

         Abstainer

43.56

2.71

46.58

3.55

37.03

4.13

*36.95

16.05

38.10

4.42

42.51

3.74

58.75

6.20

         Partial remission

13.00

1.84

12.30

2.04

14.52

3.10

*29.57

13.81

13.84

3.14

11.24

2.36

12.75

4.02

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*1.53

0.58

*1.05

0.48

*2.56

1.38

*7.21

7.05

*0.52

0.41

*2.59

1.22

    Lifetime nonsmoker

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

19.24

2.29

19.36

2.94

19.05

3.75

*27.67

10.42

19.26

3.08

18.03

4.46

*15.86

13.86

         Low-risk drinker

33.21

2.56

29.73

3.33

38.41

3.86

*15.19

9.35

34.07

3.31

34.89

5.46

*30.33

12.28

         Abstainer

23.31

2.35

21.31

3.08

26.31

3.96

*15.27

8.77

20.52

2.69

29.23

5.22

46.13

14.08

         Partial remission

21.65

2.29

26.85

3.38

13.86

2.55

*36.80

12.39

22.99

2.97

17.58

3.90

*4.47

3.63

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.60

0.86

*2.75

1.18

*2.37

1.10

*5.07

4.97

3.17

1.15

*0.27

0.27

*3.22

3.24

Drug Use Status

                           

    Current user

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

24.62

4.12

26.00

6.16

22.34

5.22

*51.02

15.47

22.59

6.13

19.97

6.26

*30.18

23.48

         Low-risk drinker

14.56

2.83

11.66

3.45

19.32

5.32

*6.54

5.53

13.67

3.70

17.61

5.92

*25.18

21.14

         Abstainer

31.08

4.71

38.15

6.81

19.46

5.59

*6.11

6.03

29.35

5.96

41.69

8.61

*29.86

17.79

         Partial remission

22.38

3.81

13.55

3.67

36.88

7.57

*36.32

14.87

25.96

5.27

*12.46

4.73

*14.79

14.13

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

7.37

2.47

*10.64

3.78

*2.00

1.98

*8.42

3.57

*8.28

4.17

    Ex-user

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.46

1.53

14.18

1.98

14.99

2.31

*11.76

6.23

16.18

2.05

12.70

2.40

*4.08

3.63

         Low-risk drinker

30.80

1.80

27.26

2.31

37.45

2.80

*18.97

7.00

33.83

2.43

28.26

2.84

*18.97

9.77

         Abstainer

34.64

1.91

37.14

2.52

29.94

2.96

23.01

8.13

28.23

2.39

44.62

3.09

66.94

12.92

         Partial remission

16.49

1.48

17.54

1.97

14.50

2.22

34.38

9.08

17.87

2.17

12.17

2.10

*10.02

5.72

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.62

0.62

3.88

0.85

3.12

1.04

*11.89

5.51

3.89

0.91

2.25

0.82

    Lifetime nondrug user

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.10

1.68

12.73

1.82

16.93

2.87

*26.96

9.12

19.46

3.27

10.64

2.27

*6.96

3.02

         Low-risk drinker

26.10

1.88

24.90

2.33

28.58

2.94

*14.87

8.37

30.11

3.34

24.52

2.93

22.74

4.19

         Abstainer

39.30

2.13

39.58

2.89

38.71

3.38

*15.53

7.78

23.18

2.55

48.74

3.35

59.97

5.28

         Partial remission

17.99

1.60

20.56

2.12

12.66

2.09

42.64

10.75

24.57

2.87

12.76

2.12

9.85

3.19

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.52

0.51

2.23

0.54

3.11

1.08

2.69

0.92

3.35

0.86

*0.48

0.48

Any Major Depressive Disorder in the Past Year

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

9.12

2.19

*7.59

2.89

10.29

3.34

*11.53

9.09

14.50

4.30

*4.26

2.30

         Low-risk drinker

30.72

4.18

24.10

6.21

35.81

5.46

*32.74

19.06

30.66

5.95

31.22

7.27

*25.28

15.01

         Abstainer

39.26

4.84

48.06

8.02

32.50

5.57

*2.37

2.49

25.37

5.33

54.47

8.08

*74.72

15.01

         Partial remission

15.83

3.41

*12.63

4.74

18.30

4.41

*53.35

19.24

21.05

5.30

*7.16

3.32

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*5.07

1.91

*7.63

3.58

*3.11

1.98

*8.42

3.55

*2.87

2.16

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.72

1.07

14.91

1.37

17.44

1.93

24.69

5.31

18.20

1.68

13.06

1.83

7.69

2.87

         Low-risk drinker

27.08

1.37

24.99

1.68

31.50

2.25

13.60

4.60

30.55

1.94

25.19

2.11

22.14

4.15

         Abstainer

36.06

1.40

37.75

1.88

32.50

2.13

19.43

5.36

26.73

1.70

45.53

2.23

59.13

5.28

         Partial remission

17.80

1.07

18.86

1.34

15.57

1.85

35.55

6.44

20.93

1.72

12.99

1.43

10.61

2.94

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.34

0.42

3.50

0.53

2.99

0.79

*6.73

3.18

3.58

0.68

3.24

0.65

*0.43

0.43

Any Major Depressive Disorder in Life

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

14.84

1.90

13.53

3.02

15.93

2.58

*21.06

8.82

18.17

3.45

10.49

2.51

*17.39

9.25

         Low-risk drinker

31.11

2.74

26.88

3.97

34.63

3.69

*28.21

12.81

33.15

4.07

29.63

4.01

*28.16

10.00

         Abstainer

35.35

2.81

42.26

4.48

29.59

3.46

*20.41

11.21

25.54

3.43

45.02

4.32

54.44

11.42

         Partial remission

14.75

1.68

13.25

2.46

15.99

2.21

*24.73

11.94

19.14

2.85

10.72

2.08

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.96

0.95

*4.08

1.49

3.85

1.32

*5.59

5.58

*4.01

1.48

*4.15

1.53

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.31

1.27

14.72

1.51

16.84

2.29

24.09

5.94

17.87

1.90

12.95

2.04

*5.67

2.36

         Low-risk drinker

26.23

1.51

24.57

1.82

30.53

2.56

*11.58

4.72

29.84

2.06

24.23

2.37

21.39

4.28

         Abstainer

36.61

1.57

37.52

1.99

34.25

2.71

16.88

5.12

26.93

1.97

46.84

2.60

60.88

5.45

         Partial remission

18.53

1.23

19.55

1.49

15.89

2.19

41.25

6.88

21.44

1.96

13.14

1.62

11.59

3.17

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.33

0.47

3.65

0.59

2.50

0.85

*6.20

3.35

3.92

0.77

2.84

0.69

*0.47

0.47

Age Started Drinking

                           

    14 years or younger

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.29

2.31

14.73

3.00

16.47

3.69

*34.11

11.88

16.95

3.38

8.99

3.40

*15.42

9.90

         Low-risk drinker

21.01

2.58

17.62

3.05

28.02

4.83

*17.26

9.78

25.60

3.96

16.32

3.96

*1.12

1.16

         Abstainer

46.47

3.44

48.93

4.40

41.38

5.23

*7.76

5.37

39.97

4.49

60.73

5.50

79.06

10.30

         Partial remission

12.05

2.14

12.43

2.90

11.27

3.15

*28.59

10.42

13.39

3.11

8.16

2.86

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

5.18

1.41

6.29

1.88

*2.86

1.68

*12.27

8.11

*4.09

1.66

*5.79

2.34

*4.40

4.41

    15 to 17 years

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.02

1.54

14.97

1.92

15.13

2.35

*21.83

6.84

16.96

2.34

12.66

3.05

*5.48

3.37

         Low-risk drinker

26.81

1.95

23.90

2.29

33.51

3.36

*14.85

6.32

30.12

2.75

23.41

3.09

26.92

6.81

         Abstainer

35.34

1.99

38.05

2.46

29.09

3.31

20.02

6.75

25.78

2.69

50.71

3.81

51.69

7.44

         Partial remission

19.49

1.69

19.70

2.03

19.01

3.21

40.75

7.65

22.72

2.47

10.77

2.30

*15.91

5.74

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.34

0.70

3.37

0.86

*3.26

1.25

*2.55

2.53

4.42

1.13

*2.44

1.05

    18 to 20 years

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.27

1.80

13.36

2.21

18.81

3.40

*17.41

9.09

18.34

3.11

13.40

2.58

*8.44

4.61

         Low-risk drinker

30.67

2.55

29.47

3.26

32.90

3.99

*15.86

10.38

35.72

4.24

28.42

3.42

22.29

6.64

         Abstainer

32.66

2.53

33.28

3.24

31.51

4.09

*25.17

14.32

19.89

3.46

39.90

3.54

63.39

8.93

         Partial remission

18.59

1.89

20.78

2.45

14.52

2.79

*33.46

12.79

23.04

3.17

15.52

2.59

*5.88

3.71

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.81

0.73

3.11

0.94

*2.25

1.07

*8.11

7.77

3.01

1.10

*2.77

1.13

    21 years or older

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.79

3.04

16.35

4.98

15.19

4.86

24.96

7.14

12.44

4.51

*5.10

4.94

         Low-risk drinker

31.44

3.76

30.90

5.69

32.03

5.19

*18.71

21.51

29.14

6.60

35.31

5.80

*24.19

8.17

         Abstainer

32.80

3.59

33.94

5.69

31.56

4.50

19.21

5.74

35.00

4.77

59.95

10.15

         Partial remission

16.95

2.67

16.80

4.22

17.10

3.56

*81.29

21.51

22.62

5.81

14.08

3.21

*10.76

5.39

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*3.02

1.22

*2.01

1.17

*4.11

2.21

*4.06

2.19

*3.17

1.94

Family History of Alcoholism

                           

    None

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

19.53

2.35

17.96

3.10

23.19

4.59

*26.89

9.25

19.73

4.00

21.90

4.69

*8.15

4.47

         Low-risk drinker

28.72

2.87

26.35

3.59

34.22

4.82

*10.17

6.79

34.27

4.58

25.08

4.13

22.34

6.56

         Abstainer

26.83

2.61

28.47

3.38

23.02

4.09

*17.73

8.85

20.76

3.42

32.09

4.49

46.42

8.70

         Partial remission

21.78

2.62

24.02

3.24

16.58

3.44

45.22

10.99

21.06

3.78

17.81

3.61

*23.10

7.38

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.14

0.93

3.21

1.09

*3.00

1.77

4.18

1.43

*3.12

1.84

    2nd-degree relatives only

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

17.27

2.47

18.24

3.02

14.63

3.53

*25.16

11.89

21.79

3.42

9.76

3.22

*13.34

8.61

         Low-risk drinker

31.25

2.84

27.38

3.28

41.93

5.52

*16.43

9.78

32.93

3.53

31.62

4.83

*23.14

10.30

         Abstainer

27.93

2.92

31.27

3.46

18.73

4.13

*7.54

6.00

18.84

3.24

40.29

5.20

56.67

11.78

         Partial remission

19.47

2.39

18.95

2.82

20.90

4.65

*43.48

13.70

23.13

3.43

13.25

3.62

*3.99

3.17

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

4.07

1.06

4.17

1.25

*3.81

1.96

*7.39

7.11

*3.31

1.31

*5.09

2.11

*2.86

2.85

    1st-degree relatives only

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

15.20

3.06

11.26

2.89

23.12

6.83

21.26

5.89

13.21

3.81

*7.00

5.16

         Low-risk drinker

28.97

3.50

31.57

4.42

23.73

5.28

26.84

6.03

32.17

5.09

*26.89

9.28

         Abstainer

37.73

3.59

37.28

4.54

38.65

6.44

24.21

5.06

43.55

4.84

60.42

10.32

         Partial remission

15.41

2.94

16.17

3.62

13.87

4.69

*100.00

0.00

25.44

6.58

7.24

2.28

*5.69

4.25

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*2.70

1.14

*3.72

1.68

*0.63

0.63

*2.24

1.66

*3.84

2.00

    Both 1st- and 2nd-degree relatives

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.11

1.27

11.65

1.74

12.81

1.93

23.24

7.09

14.15

2.00

9.31

1.84

*4.16

3.04

         Low-risk drinker

24.37

1.98

20.34

2.56

30.48

2.85

*19.86

7.82

28.29

2.63

20.91

2.92

18.93

5.75

         Abstainer

44.40

2.02

48.22

2.89

38.62

2.90

*23.31

8.02

34.38

2.56

55.34

3.48

72.89

6.29

         Partial remission

15.50

1.26

16.04

1.90

14.70

1.90

23.97

7.67

18.62

2.16

12.26

1.96

*4.02

2.34

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.61

0.74

3.75

0.95

3.40

1.10

*9.62

5.02

4.56

1.16

2.19

0.84

Any Parent Alcoholic

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

12.81

1.51

10.78

1.85

15.78

2.54

24.63

7.92

15.01

2.17

10.41

2.25

*1.52

1.52

         Low-risk drinker

24.63

1.83

22.24

2.64

28.14

2.70

*16.86

7.27

25.31

2.48

24.85

3.02

24.81

7.13

         Abstainer

43.08

2.09

46.55

3.22

37.99

3.02

*17.07

6.54

35.35

2.77

51.63

3.54

67.93

7.67

         Partial remission

15.49

1.48

15.65

2.03

15.25

2.25

31.23

8.01

19.52

2.52

10.26

1.92

*5.74

3.49

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.99

0.80

4.78

1.15

2.84

1.05

*10.20

5.20

4.80

1.29

2.85

1.00

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.80

1.33

16.65

1.82

17.15

2.44

22.28

6.28

19.73

2.09

13.72

2.21

*9.80

3.77

         Low-risk drinker

29.21

1.82

26.47

2.15

35.66

2.97

*14.36

5.86

33.79

2.55

26.42

2.59

21.21

4.49

         Abstainer

31.78

1.80

33.60

2.38

27.48

2.78

*18.27

7.37

21.25

2.02

42.18

3.03

56.50

6.01

         Partial remission

19.09

1.38

20.16

1.71

16.55

2.45

42.62

8.56

21.82

2.13

14.20

1.90

11.90

3.73

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.13

0.50

3.12

0.55

3.15

1.09

*2.47

2.45

3.41

0.80

3.48

0.80

*0.58

0.58

Married to Alcoholic/Lived with Alcoholic as if Married

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

10.71

1.87

8.08

2.93

12.47

2.23

*5.63

5.79

11.64

2.54

10.96

2.75

*2.48

2.46

         Low-risk drinker

20.18

2.08

10.02

2.53

26.97

2.97

22.03

3.42

19.98

3.05

*12.67

5.29

         Abstainer

48.26

2.47

56.89

4.48

42.50

3.27

*25.11

15.42

40.02

4.23

52.43

3.48

79.32

7.10

         Partial remission

14.87

1.78

15.22

3.23

14.64

2.17

*27.23

15.14

19.05

3.29

12.04

2.24

*5.52

3.59

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

5.97

1.14

9.79

2.59

3.42

1.13

*42.03

20.97

7.25

2.02

4.58

1.56

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.68

1.19

15.67

1.46

19.62

2.48

24.75

5.23

19.63

1.86

12.92

1.98

*8.24

3.27

         Low-risk drinker

29.74

1.57

27.59

1.84

36.02

2.70

16.72

5.05

32.86

2.12

28.61

2.51

24.28

4.64

         Abstainer

32.37

1.64

34.99

2.05

24.76

2.67

17.14

4.98

23.01

1.77

43.28

2.90

56.06

5.79

         Partial remission

18.56

1.18

19.12

1.41

16.92

2.22

38.12

6.38

21.45

1.84

12.68

1.73

10.93

3.22

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

2.65

0.43

2.64

0.49

2.68

0.88

*3.26

2.30

3.04

0.64

2.52

0.73

*0.49

0.49

Any Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

*3.53

1.43

*4.19

1.96

*1.95

1.43

*5.61

2.56

*0.32

0.33

*9.86

9.27

         Low-risk drinker

5.34

1.66

5.79

1.99

*4.27

3.12

*5.43

2.40

*2.93

1.41

*18.97

11.52

         Abstainer

80.46

3.58

79.00

4.38

83.97

5.78

*4.01

4.72

76.90

5.45

89.55

4.13

71.16

13.36

         Partial remission

*6.05

2.34

*4.48

2.60

*9.81

4.92

*95.99

4.72

*5.28

2.82

*3.77

3.26

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

*4.62

1.83

*6.54

2.57

*6.78

3.20

*3.42

2.41

    No

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

16.28

1.07

15.56

1.41

17.65

1.88

24.27

5.14

18.98

1.70

13.57

1.88

*7.02

2.86

         Low-risk drinker

29.41

1.40

26.85

1.77

34.27

2.15

16.12

4.93

32.70

1.95

28.22

2.23

22.63

4.33

         Abstainer

32.22

1.39

34.22

1.92

28.43

2.08

18.24

5.00

22.34

1.62

41.61

2.29

58.94

5.51

         Partial remission

18.72

1.06

19.93

1.37

16.41

1.75

35.08

6.33

22.28

1.72

13.42

1.40

10.97

3.05

         Recurrence of alcohol dependence

3.37

0.42

3.44

0.54

3.24

0.80

*6.29

2.99

3.69

0.69

3.18

0.64

*0.44

0.44

Any Alcohol Treatment in Life

                           

    Yes

                           

         Asymptomatic risk drinker

9.27

1.61

10.24

2.11

6.87

2.09

*1.63

1.67

10.87