Table 3-9. Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex and age group, according to age of starting to drink, among current drinkers,2 United States, 2001–2002.

Age of starting to drink
and psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Age group

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

18–24 years

25–44 years

45–64 years

65 years and older

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

14 years or younger

                           

Alcohol abuse

104.27

8.14

125.14

11.08

68.41

9.79

121.58

18.61

121.72

12.73

67.24

15.25

#40.55

18.19

Alcohol dependence

156.42

11.46

166.35

13.52

139.36

17.06

321.66

29.51

142.83

16.09

89.85

15.06

#23.96

12.06

Nicotine dependence

315.61

15.32

314.40

19.30

317.70

22.37

446.36

31.22

309.38

21.16

297.31

29.50

#51.64

16.79

Drug abuse

91.75

8.30

99.76

10.76

77.99

12.82

228.55

28.94

81.33

9.98

#29.64

11.88

0.00

0.00

Drug dependence

33.40

5.64

36.49

7.62

28.09

6.85

76.45

18.95

33.05

7.38

#8.29

3.60

0.00

0.00

Major depression

126.03

8.74

89.60

10.14

188.62

16.53

228.49

25.00

116.12

11.96

93.16

17.87

#26.32

13.55

Dysthymia

40.11

5.03

30.77

6.14

56.15

9.77

45.60

10.44

46.02

8.74

#22.84

7.95

#36.37

25.74

Manic disorder

39.02

5.45

28.97

5.50

56.28

10.17

70.24

16.10

39.94

7.62

#19.88

7.36

#8.37

8.25

Hypomanic disorder

25.32

4.06

24.92

5.57

26.00

6.62

43.15

12.15

27.69

5.74

#11.73

5.01

#1.91

1.90

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

36.97

5.21

34.96

7.18

40.42

7.84

#34.53

11.69

39.38

6.62

#40.03

14.20

#13.20

9.71

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

15.32

3.40

#5.39

2.42

32.38

8.16

#11.41

6.60

#16.97

5.25

#19.01

7.13

0.00

0.00

Social phobia

45.98

5.77

32.21

5.98

69.65

12.01

68.68

14.52

45.57

7.99

36.66

9.92

#16.39

9.39

Specific phobia

107.92

8.88

70.39

9.77

172.41

16.66

152.53

23.84

114.14

13.45

72.21

14.88

#53.14

22.17

Generalized anxiety

42.19

5.59

29.44

6.27

64.10

10.53

#32.24

10.99

49.68

8.97

38.92

10.03

#20.79

12.49

Pathological gambling

#4.42

1.79

#5.49

2.47

#2.58

1.37

#15.12

7.61

#1.96

1.20

#2.62

1.70

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

31.31

4.46

28.26

5.64

36.54

7.24

43.06

12.45

31.20

6.51

#24.71

9.48

#21.42

12.73

Antisocial personality disorder

196.65

12.32

224.78

16.56

148.30

14.32

301.30

26.71

187.06

17.07

185.21

27.18

#12.01

7.19

Avoidant personality disorder

43.53

5.85

29.95

6.85

66.86

10.43

47.94

11.76

52.93

9.01

30.23

8.51

0.00

0.00

Dependent personality disorder

11.50

2.91

#5.41

2.32

#21.97

6.85

#22.89

8.98

#12.41

4.39

#1.87

1.65

#5.03

5.05

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

153.53

11.17

144.39

13.69

169.24

16.32

145.27

21.85

179.56

16.74

114.11

19.49

#101.67

32.61

Paranoid personality disorder

106.49

9.36

97.02

11.64

122.75

14.25

153.38

21.85

120.64

14.10

59.41

16.14

#19.70

9.83

Schizoid personality disorder

65.42

7.52

65.08

9.69

66.00

9.83

102.42

20.61

61.93

9.46

56.18

14.56

#19.33

8.83

Histrionic personality disorder

47.13

6.05

43.99

7.90

52.51

9.13

92.41

18.76

43.09

8.13

#32.15

11.42

#1.84

1.84

15 to 17 years

                           

Alcohol abuse

116.51

5.51

141.58

7.13

79.04

6.53

134.65

12.71

128.00

8.00

93.53

8.95

45.68

10.65

Alcohol dependence

99.38

4.49

121.93

6.55

65.67

5.35

226.66

13.26

79.47

5.68

46.59

6.67

#8.31

3.66

Nicotine dependence

215.84

7.81

208.48

9.78

226.83

10.40

274.12

14.74

217.55

10.87

196.77

14.14

71.83

14.41

Drug abuse

50.88

3.44

61.49

5.02

35.02

4.17

140.15

11.03

34.34

4.64

14.77

3.95

#3.91

3.23

Drug dependence

15.07

1.91

18.65

2.91

9.73

2.06

45.23

5.88

#8.71

3.02

#4.38

1.90

0.00

0.00

Major depression

94.11

4.05

61.16

4.62

143.35

7.90

130.95

10.34

91.49

5.47

85.23

9.03

#20.86

6.94

Dysthymia

20.65

2.19

10.65

2.05

35.61

4.48

25.37

5.27

17.11

2.40

26.07

6.29

#13.40

5.00

Manic disorder

21.90

1.77

17.39

2.20

28.64

3.35

41.11

6.21

19.72

2.55

12.68

2.68

#6.10

3.61

Hypomanic disorder

18.67

2.28

16.74

3.02

21.56

3.34

51.76

8.65

11.89

2.19

#7.12

2.63

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

16.18

1.69

6.03

1.29

31.35

3.84

17.65

4.35

17.94

2.71

15.45

3.29

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

8.19

1.30

#4.72

1.64

13.38

2.25

#11.76

3.73

8.93

1.82

#5.02

1.65

#1.42

1.40

Social phobia

33.37

2.75

25.54

3.06

45.09

4.87

32.69

5.42

34.98

3.89

35.09

5.73

#17.17

6.44

Specific phobia

81.99

4.50

56.60

5.16

119.94

7.12

84.76

9.50

90.08

6.26

70.39

8.29

49.98

10.12

Generalized anxiety

22.51

2.51

14.14

2.50

35.01

4.63

15.24

3.85

26.57

3.66

25.79

4.97

#3.98

2.95

Pathological gambling

2.32

0.66

#3.01

0.94

#1.28

0.89

#3.69

1.89

#1.97

0.90

#2.42

1.25

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

14.53

1.59

16.81

2.16

11.11

2.26

20.48

3.87

11.58

2.05

15.75

4.45

#13.06

5.93

Antisocial personality disorder

63.77

3.96

83.79

6.02

33.83

3.93

85.74

8.61

66.99

6.10

49.19

7.02

#15.12

8.12

Avoidant personality disorder

24.29

2.61

19.52

3.17

31.40

4.00

30.60

5.49

27.40

3.96

15.05

4.05

#10.90

5.39

Dependent personality disorder

5.20

1.07

#4.24

1.57

6.65

1.39

#7.08

2.50

6.17

1.80

#1.87

0.83

#2.92

2.91

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

101.04

4.75

98.19

6.22

105.31

6.56

71.97

7.84

114.22

7.95

98.60

8.80

105.14

16.04

Paranoid personality disorder

58.13

3.77

50.38

4.88

69.73

5.50

86.87

9.01

61.10

6.18

36.54

6.39

#13.10

5.40

Schizoid personality disorder

35.78

2.65

35.90

3.58

35.61

4.15

48.10

6.87

35.87

3.93

24.03

4.84

34.54

9.59

Histrionic personality disorder

32.24

2.61

32.52

3.45

31.82

3.87

60.49

7.23

29.67

3.72

17.50

3.85

#8.10

4.36

18 to 20 years

                           

Alcohol abuse

65.63

3.72

86.63

5.70

39.40

3.52

72.21

7.96

83.10

5.83

52.28

5.03

28.46

5.59

Alcohol dependence

42.62

2.57

52.19

3.80

30.66

3.37

110.15

11.60

43.32

3.67

23.37

3.19

#5.79

2.44

Nicotine dependence

126.35

5.10

133.40

6.91

117.54

6.28

158.40

11.72

138.96

7.77

118.36

7.58

55.94

7.75

Drug abuse

15.57

1.57

19.08

2.36

11.18

1.81

44.68

6.69

15.45

2.49

7.08

1.61

#2.01

1.50

Drug dependence

5.19

0.94

6.72

1.56

3.28

0.86

#13.38

4.18

4.67

1.35

#3.21

1.13

#2.01

1.50

Major depression

65.14

3.06

43.71

3.65

91.94

5.24

117.00

10.99

66.29

4.54

53.84

4.88

23.48

4.28

Dysthymia

12.02

1.32

9.87

1.73

14.70

2.03

15.86

4.15

14.16

2.42

9.94

1.87

#4.61

2.58

Manic disorder

16.55

1.60

17.36

2.32

15.55

1.87

34.88

5.82

16.82

2.53

12.28

2.74

#3.26

1.95

Hypomanic disorder

12.74

1.39

12.44

1.99

13.11

1.94

33.29

5.48

13.81

2.37

5.56

1.60

#2.28

2.29

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

14.61

1.46

11.24

1.71

18.83

2.38

15.84

3.73

16.05

1.85

16.10

3.44

#2.43

1.73

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

3.79

0.64

1.98

0.57

6.04

1.16

#0.78

0.64

4.24

0.99

5.33

1.34

#1.33

0.92

Social phobia

27.21

2.02

18.81

2.25

37.70

3.67

34.80

6.46

26.32

2.96

29.64

3.61

#12.42

3.83

Specific phobia

66.47

3.56

41.56

3.24

97.60

6.03

89.57

9.46

63.93

4.95

68.03

5.86

39.29

6.65

Generalized anxiety

20.61

1.85

11.24

1.83

32.32

3.09

23.49

4.96

23.37

2.83

19.45

3.00

#9.15

3.42

Pathological gambling

2.03

0.45

#2.01

0.65

#2.04

0.64

#1.67

1.34

#1.47

0.53

#3.16

1.02

#1.17

0.95

Conduct disorder

10.35

1.37

15.42

2.28

4.03

1.08

17.78

3.86

10.17

2.16

10.18

2.68

#1.22

0.91

Antisocial personality disorder

24.74

2.04

33.11

3.19

14.27

2.33

41.61

7.17

28.46

3.46

19.06

2.99

#4.03

2.19

Avoidant personality disorder

22.51

1.80

17.61

2.13

28.63

3.06

37.35

6.10

24.10

3.09

17.94

2.88

#9.71

3.50

Dependent personality disorder

3.42

0.71

#2.96

0.97

3.99

1.06

#9.23

2.83

#2.38

0.97

#2.14

1.03

#3.52

2.20

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

76.73

3.67

72.58

4.48

81.93

5.05

76.20

8.04

80.76

5.68

76.09

6.16

63.31

7.55

Paranoid personality disorder

40.00

2.54

29.75

2.84

52.81

4.29

73.95

7.78

44.65

3.90

26.86

3.54

15.19

3.70

Schizoid personality disorder

27.50

2.04

27.00

2.76

28.13

2.61

42.05

6.18

24.88

3.01

27.90

3.96

16.29

4.14

Histrionic personality disorder

18.76

1.67

15.30

1.99

23.09

2.55

40.26

6.29

20.46

2.66

9.80

2.05

#10.12

3.35

21 years or older

                           

Alcohol abuse

32.92

2.66

48.22

4.62

22.72

3.20

#25.61

7.83

35.39

4.13

37.55

4.92

19.45

4.69

Alcohol dependence

20.05

1.75

23.70

3.06

17.61

2.12

25.62

7.07

27.70

3.13

18.93

3.37

#1.85

1.12

Nicotine dependence

103.78

4.98

94.62

7.18

109.88

6.05

114.46

18.34

121.88

8.17

112.76

7.73

36.33

5.28

Drug abuse

8.28

1.24

10.00

2.34

7.14

1.52

#17.69

7.82

11.87

2.10

#6.28

2.20

#0.52

0.52

Drug dependence

#2.28

0.81

#2.36

1.62

#2.24

0.81

#1.33

1.34

#2.25

0.92

#3.53

1.95

0.00

0.00

Major depression

62.25

3.12

33.74

3.74

81.27

4.57

72.22

11.99

73.26

5.31

63.30

5.20

29.58

4.73

Dysthymia

17.19

1.64

9.31

1.94

22.45

2.46

#5.68

3.97

21.50

2.88

18.63

2.59

7.70

2.17

Manic disorder

11.75

1.28

9.03

1.82

13.55

1.77

#25.32

9.32

14.23

2.49

11.04

1.98

#2.37

1.20

Hypomanic disorder

10.04

1.40

11.52

2.90

9.05

1.41

#31.03

10.15

13.61

2.12

#6.43

2.48

#1.67

1.18

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

13.00

1.48

5.63

1.42

17.92

2.34

#8.83

4.95

16.62

2.72

12.74

2.19

#6.24

2.19

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

3.34

0.68

#0.83

0.57

5.01

1.03

#1.14

1.14

5.16

1.39

#2.87

1.01

#0.72

0.71

Social phobia

22.24

2.06

17.05

2.81

25.69

2.81

#32.66

10.13

25.19

3.34

19.80

2.92

16.58

3.82

Specific phobia

76.04

4.35

40.92

4.67

99.45

6.07

57.98

12.66

77.44

6.18

85.57

6.77

58.38

7.71

Generalized anxiety

16.47

1.66

8.58

1.91

21.73

2.60

#9.49

6.25

22.65

3.06

15.59

2.43

#5.81

2.10

Pathological gambling

#1.02

0.40

#1.17

0.80

#0.91

0.41

#4.94

4.91

#0.80

0.42

#1.08

0.59

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

6.14

1.12

8.39

2.04

4.64

1.35

#10.39

5.94

7.01

1.71

#6.65

2.11

#1.40

1.00

Antisocial personality disorder

13.48

1.65

18.22

3.33

10.32

1.58

#20.83

6.43

17.19

2.73

11.94

2.86

#5.18

3.17

Avoidant personality disorder

20.71

2.02

15.26

2.90

24.34

2.60

#30.68

9.53

29.48

3.72

16.96

3.02

#3.93

1.54

Dependent personality disorder

3.57

0.93

#3.12

1.65

3.86

1.10

#5.60

3.81

#3.51

1.37

#4.49

1.92

#0.96

0.96

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

72.83

3.99

62.87

5.50

79.46

4.78

80.72

18.56

75.62

5.79

76.89

6.44

54.35

7.41

Paranoid personality disorder

34.61

2.18

25.34

3.39

40.79

2.98

43.00

10.64

46.25

3.56

31.42

3.97

10.18

2.86

Schizoid personality disorder

26.33

1.95

25.96

3.44

26.57

2.52

#22.24

7.26

33.98

3.55

25.03

3.67

11.98

3.00

Histrionic personality disorder

14.71

1.42

12.52

2.32

16.17

1.93

#17.66

6.02

19.06

2.59

13.37

2.68

#5.96

1.86

#Relative standard error >0.3.

1Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year.


SOURCE: NIAAA 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

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