Table 3-2. Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex and age group, according to average drinking level2 in the past year, among current drinkers,3 United States, 2001–2002.

Average drinking level and psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Age group

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

18–24 years

25–44 years

45–64 years

65 years and older

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Light drinker

                           

Alcohol abuse

24.55

1.62

30.29

2.47

20.12

1.94

40.51

5.18

30.36

2.48

16.08

2.17

6.68

1.70

Alcohol dependence

9.53

0.98

8.94

1.38

9.99

1.35

30.23

4.53

9.82

1.36

3.59

0.98

#0.98

0.74

Nicotine dependence

125.65

4.47

121.89

6.19

128.54

5.06

148.36

9.81

142.91

6.63

124.34

6.50

37.26

4.64

Drug abuse

8.07

0.97

9.46

1.66

7.00

0.99

24.77

4.18

8.33

1.43

#3.48

1.15

#0.51

0.38

Drug dependence

3.79

0.58

4.88

1.09

2.95

0.56

11.86

2.65

3.55

0.95

#1.75

0.60

#1.06

0.80

Major depression

78.56

2.83

47.88

3.26

102.17

4.27

117.55

8.28

85.98

4.24

71.13

4.64

26.00

3.52

Dysthymia

18.99

1.36

12.98

1.83

23.61

1.87

21.13

3.78

21.54

2.16

17.83

2.33

9.85

2.34

Manic disorder

17.41

1.22

14.21

1.93

19.87

1.61

35.57

5.15

18.76

2.08

13.11

1.83

#3.25

1.15

Hypomanic disorder

13.27

1.20

14.18

2.16

12.56

1.33

37.56

5.95

13.68

1.57

6.67

1.77

#1.93

1.29

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

16.02

1.20

9.54

1.54

21.01

1.75

16.31

3.19

18.44

1.85

16.50

2.40

#5.15

1.65

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.27

0.60

#1.54

0.48

8.14

1.00

#3.75

1.47

7.30

1.15

4.56

0.99

#1.02

0.57

Social phobia

30.08

1.74

21.70

2.27

36.53

2.52

39.06

5.14

33.13

2.83

27.84

2.54

14.22

2.66

Specific phobia

77.53

3.24

44.76

3.16

102.76

4.60

85.81

7.95

81.78

4.91

77.79

4.65

51.24

5.17

Generalized anxiety

22.73

1.53

13.41

1.78

29.91

2.20

20.51

3.84

27.13

2.28

22.56

2.48

8.74

2.43

Pathological gambling

1.14

0.25

#0.98

0.38

1.27

0.34

#1.66

0.90

#0.65

0.28

#1.84

0.58

#0.62

0.51

Conduct disorder

10.81

1.08

15.52

1.98

7.17

0.99

18.71

3.19

10.78

1.47

10.99

2.39

#1.57

0.80

Antisocial personality disorder

32.69

1.81

49.22

3.52

19.97

1.67

50.34

4.85

37.63

3.13

28.29

3.18

#5.57

2.34

Avoidant personality disorder

25.70

1.51

18.46

2.07

31.28

2.30

39.99

5.25

29.50

2.32

21.21

2.27

#6.99

2.22

Dependent personality disorder

4.00

0.58

#1.95

0.63

5.58

0.91

8.43

2.19

3.88

0.82

3.00

0.88

#2.17

1.30

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

87.33

3.21

85.62

4.71

88.65

3.83

84.99

7.01

95.73

5.02

85.35

4.97

62.89

5.44

Paranoid personality disorder

47.56

2.46

38.61

3.26

54.45

3.01

78.11

7.10

57.36

3.84

33.02

3.08

14.10

2.66

Schizoid personality disorder

31.88

1.67

33.79

2.74

30.41

1.90

39.65

4.87

33.87

2.70

31.36

3.37

16.91

3.27

Histrionic personality disorder

19.02

1.23

17.78

1.67

19.98

1.68

45.17

4.84

19.20

1.88

11.13

1.56

9.90

2.21

Moderate drinker

                           

Alcohol abuse

132.46

6.46

148.05

7.74

89.98

9.04

170.98

17.18

165.81

9.95

94.71

9.27

47.96

9.30

Alcohol dependence

62.17

4.15

63.01

4.77

59.88

6.81

211.54

19.49

57.39

5.11

21.46

3.96

#2.54

2.14

Nicotine dependence

154.42

6.93

153.41

8.11

157.17

11.08

280.29

20.16

162.72

10.12

123.52

9.95

43.43

9.82

Drug abuse

25.19

2.43

27.33

2.96

19.38

4.24

84.93

11.58

24.21

3.64

#7.17

2.39

#2.27

2.25

Drug dependence

8.83

1.71

9.66

2.25

#6.57

2.08

34.36

7.94

#7.22

2.88

#2.58

1.35

0.00

0.00

Major depression

58.63

3.76

45.24

4.15

95.09

8.68

135.50

16.61

59.77

5.54

34.25

4.41

#22.37

7.23

Dysthymia

11.39

1.62

9.69

1.86

16.03

3.27

#15.91

5.35

15.82

3.01

5.81

1.70

#2.52

1.59

Manic disorder

13.79

1.70

13.67

1.99

14.13

3.35

48.54

8.87

10.67

2.35

#6.20

1.97

#3.16

2.41

Hypomanic disorder

12.85

1.79

12.49

2.28

13.83

2.76

35.22

7.88

13.50

2.73

#5.38

1.65

#2.02

2.03

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

11.97

1.40

7.75

1.33

23.47

4.13

18.02

5.16

15.39

2.33

#6.98

2.20

#3.69

2.64

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

4.05

0.97

#3.28

1.11

#6.17

2.13

#10.68

4.85

#3.69

1.36

#2.99

1.20

0.00

0.00

Social phobia

22.68

2.22

20.01

2.63

29.97

4.55

38.11

8.61

22.02

3.11

19.81

4.29

#13.59

5.26

Specific phobia

61.73

4.04

44.40

4.09

108.94

9.84

85.63

11.93

67.00

5.41

53.58

7.07

31.55

7.41

Generalized anxiety

13.11

1.95

8.02

1.95

26.98

4.86

#17.00

5.73

17.48

3.37

8.25

2.21

#3.32

2.29

Pathological gambling

#2.30

0.73

#2.38

0.92

#2.06

1.11

#4.75

3.46

#2.13

0.99

#2.24

1.16

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

12.74

1.69

14.32

2.19

8.45

2.52

27.85

7.19

12.19

2.43

8.90

2.63

#6.22

3.24

Antisocial personality disorder

46.35

3.92

54.05

5.01

25.40

4.48

93.50

12.30

53.17

6.23

26.83

5.05

#11.24

5.94

Avoidant personality disorder

16.31

2.03

15.20

2.42

19.34

3.98

19.14

5.18

23.90

4.05

7.23

2.13

#6.05

3.86

Dependent personality disorder

#2.96

1.10

#3.29

1.48

#2.06

0.86

#4.54

2.90

#4.26

2.22

#0.59

0.45

#2.01

2.01

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

81.54

5.04

76.79

5.49

94.46

10.00

72.27

11.72

89.10

7.90

73.75

7.11

83.37

12.70

Paranoid personality disorder

35.19

3.01

31.47

3.55

45.32

6.04

58.20

9.80

44.26

5.59

20.89

3.69

#7.22

4.01

Schizoid personality disorder

29.18

2.96

29.31

3.45

28.81

5.26

55.53

11.39

27.32

4.46

21.52

3.63

24.19

7.19

Histrionic personality disorder

22.44

2.62

21.54

3.33

24.91

4.39

51.23

10.02

26.21

3.99

10.18

2.91

#3.57

2.31

Heavier drinker

                           

Alcohol abuse

171.80

8.40

202.36

11.22

126.32

10.28

169.71

17.87

202.64

13.46

158.63

13.63

87.66

15.09

Alcohol dependence

242.59

9.42

285.05

12.21

179.39

11.23

490.30

24.67

257.65

14.70

143.35

12.33

27.36

7.56

Nicotine dependence

273.41

9.52

287.47

12.14

252.49

13.00

375.21

20.72

304.77

15.99

224.17

15.14

106.12

16.08

Drug abuse

53.52

4.87

62.57

6.30

40.04

7.53

156.75

17.81

51.19

6.69

12.04

3.09

0.00

0.00

Drug dependence

28.27

3.13

34.40

4.60

19.15

3.84

74.24

12.16

25.60

4.25

#13.47

4.80

0.00

0.00

Major depression

90.30

5.24

66.74

5.59

125.36

9.61

145.79

15.01

82.48

7.61

87.58

10.29

28.83

7.99

Dysthymia

22.09

2.67

12.48

2.38

36.38

5.63

27.13

6.54

18.53

3.49

28.27

6.54

#8.65

5.38

Manic disorder

25.42

2.75

26.82

3.79

23.33

3.78

40.75

9.00

29.84

4.38

16.71

3.78

#5.44

3.86

Hypomanic disorder

20.07

2.40

18.61

3.09

22.23

4.04

58.55

10.46

18.39

3.35

#5.75

2.19

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

20.50

2.53

16.53

2.86

26.41

5.00

#18.73

6.36

23.32

3.95

24.41

5.25

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

8.99

1.76

#5.77

1.77

13.77

3.15

#8.49

4.48

10.07

2.80

10.01

2.71

#2.25

2.21

Social phobia

30.40

3.40

22.96

3.74

41.47

6.42

30.14

7.64

29.31

5.17

34.74

6.37

#22.10

7.61

Specific phobia

88.08

5.75

65.68

6.81

121.43

10.30

104.95

15.65

88.73

7.91

86.86

10.11

58.02

12.01

Generalized anxiety

26.13

3.07

19.09

3.28

36.62

5.57

16.75

5.02

34.20

5.38

27.08

5.20

#6.92

3.37

Pathological gambling

4.75

1.17

6.60

1.75

#1.99

1.34

#10.60

4.60

#4.02

1.48

#3.77

1.84

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

13.29

2.10

16.44

3.09

8.59

2.54

#16.41

5.43

13.42

3.10

12.03

3.57

#10.81

5.49

Antisocial personality disorder

81.96

5.66

104.88

8.13

47.84

6.04

155.23

14.49

95.14

9.55

45.76

7.89

#2.94

2.06

Avoidant personality disorder

27.00

3.36

24.65

4.27

30.49

5.26

34.46

7.30

34.48

6.39

18.21

5.17

#9.04

4.79

Dependent personality disorder

7.97

1.88

#8.47

2.72

#7.22

2.27

#16.41

5.01

#7.64

2.71

#5.45

3.81

#1.47

1.47

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

92.92

6.18

91.11

7.54

95.61

8.90

81.70

12.65

116.87

10.18

79.00

9.44

56.58

13.10

Paranoid personality disorder

64.40

4.59

60.74

5.69

69.83

7.67

116.23

13.83

70.23

7.41

41.49

7.36

#14.73

5.94

Schizoid personality disorder

35.67

3.66

34.66

4.49

37.17

5.48

61.29

11.16

42.74

6.06

19.25

4.41

#9.30

4.61

Histrionic personality disorder

38.94

4.11

35.02

4.85

44.77

6.19

63.65

10.85

45.23

6.26

27.08

5.93

#3.54

3.04

#Relative standard error >0.3.

1Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2Light drinker: 3 or fewer drinks per week on average. Moderate drinker: on average more than 3 drinks and up to 7 drinks per week for women and more than 3 drinks and up to 14 drinks per week for men. Heavier drinker: on average more than 1 drink per day for women and more than 2 drinks per day for men.

3Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year.


SOURCE: NIAAA 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

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