Table 3-11. Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex and age group, according to family history of alcoholism, among current drinkers,2 United States, 2001–2002.

Family history of alcoholism
and psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Age group

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

18–24 years

25–44 years

45–64 years

65 years and older

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

None

                           

Alcohol abuse

56.12

3.47

78.48

5.07

26.49

2.87

73.77

8.44

69.69

5.55

46.37

5.02

18.49

3.30

Alcohol dependence

35.59

2.29

46.35

3.30

21.33

2.76

123.55

11.56

33.47

2.99

14.05

2.29

#3.07

1.29

Nicotine dependence

94.61

3.99

104.71

5.50

81.23

4.96

137.19

10.42

106.41

5.73

86.66

6.24

34.69

5.11

Drug abuse

13.98

1.36

18.27

2.13

8.30

1.45

44.12

7.74

15.42

2.11

#4.64

1.65

#0.40

0.40

Drug dependence

2.97

0.53

3.44

0.83

2.35

0.69

12.91

3.05

2.72

0.76

#0.22

0.22

0.00

0.00

Major depression

40.16

2.27

28.57

2.41

55.50

3.74

68.48

7.53

42.45

3.39

33.50

3.49

20.04

3.13

Dysthymia

10.13

1.11

8.42

1.49

12.38

1.66

13.70

3.59

11.39

1.87

7.01

1.49

9.42

2.46

Manic disorder

8.63

0.92

7.79

1.18

9.75

1.42

25.50

5.44

9.13

1.48

3.79

1.06

#1.13

0.64

Hypomanic disorder

9.74

1.07

9.63

1.43

9.89

1.58

28.21

4.97

9.94

1.70

#4.77

1.48

#1.93

1.46

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

7.97

0.81

5.66

1.04

11.04

1.46

10.06

2.91

9.95

1.52

6.90

1.49

#2.24

1.08

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

2.81

0.51

#1.46

0.51

4.60

0.95

#1.82

1.12

3.43

0.85

#3.33

1.04

#0.80

0.55

Social phobia

15.76

1.31

12.85

1.59

19.62

2.29

21.75

4.34

16.04

2.04

15.37

2.49

9.99

2.53

Specific phobia

48.29

2.62

28.06

2.39

75.09

4.77

50.31

6.50

50.45

4.06

49.72

4.17

36.78

4.81

Generalized anxiety

12.16

1.19

7.28

1.23

18.62

2.33

13.93

3.93

14.14

1.73

12.60

2.40

#3.47

1.51

Pathological gambling

1.40

0.39

#2.07

0.64

#0.52

0.30

#2.57

1.82

#0.92

0.47

#1.89

0.75

#0.71

0.58

Conduct disorder

7.78

1.08

11.04

1.76

3.46

0.89

15.56

3.63

8.51

1.55

5.44

1.60

#3.02

1.36

Antisocial personality disorder

19.64

1.58

27.48

2.59

9.25

1.36

35.39

5.54

26.52

3.14

11.34

2.19

#1.16

0.78

Avoidant personality disorder

11.96

1.16

9.62

1.46

15.06

1.86

22.32

4.77

14.86

1.89

7.28

1.56

#3.07

1.23

Dependent personality disorder

1.93

0.48

#1.76

0.58

#2.16

0.71

#6.06

2.26

#1.16

0.43

#1.62

1.00

#0.97

0.69

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

53.72

3.02

54.27

3.97

53.00

3.79

51.48

6.60

60.68

4.58

50.11

4.64

42.33

5.07

Paranoid personality disorder

23.09

1.81

19.96

2.42

27.24

2.45

41.80

5.61

25.92

2.78

18.18

2.50

#6.92

2.09

Schizoid personality disorder

17.40

1.30

19.11

2.08

15.14

1.59

21.26

3.97

17.97

2.03

16.37

2.26

14.16

2.89

Histrionic personality disorder

10.74

1.06

9.26

1.36

12.71

1.72

19.58

3.53

12.25

1.71

7.52

1.74

#4.45

1.65

2nd degree relatives only

                           

Alcohol abuse

82.98

4.77

112.14

7.20

50.33

5.16

123.30

12.37

93.34

6.93

47.64

6.71

#33.76

10.66

Alcohol dependence

65.74

4.40

89.59

6.75

39.04

4.35

163.79

15.42

56.39

5.37

28.14

5.48

#3.56

2.95

Nicotine dependence

168.63

6.65

185.53

9.67

149.72

8.40

226.42

17.02

167.18

9.46

160.54

12.23

#42.73

13.47

Drug abuse

34.70

3.23

44.24

4.79

24.03

3.93

105.93

12.08

24.52

4.24

10.02

2.95

#4.03

4.01

Drug dependence

9.79

1.74

12.52

2.94

6.73

1.75

20.70

5.33

10.08

2.98

#3.90

1.79

0.00

0.00

Major depression

85.44

4.41

58.59

5.91

115.50

7.06

132.07

13.20

88.36

6.75

62.80

7.60

#20.50

7.77

Dysthymia

17.17

2.14

12.23

2.80

22.69

3.32

24.96

5.85

16.81

2.95

15.62

4.25

#3.32

3.32

Manic disorder

17.78

2.24

19.93

3.37

15.39

2.92

36.91

7.57

13.38

2.69

14.90

4.45

#6.49

4.48

Hypomanic disorder

16.28

2.17

17.70

3.57

14.69

2.44

37.65

7.61

13.02

2.54

#10.93

4.77

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

15.89

2.10

8.86

2.59

23.76

3.76

#13.31

4.05

16.46

3.16

19.67

5.77

#3.42

3.41

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

4.91

1.15

#3.14

1.58

6.88

1.80

#6.59

3.40

5.58

1.59

#3.69

1.73

0.00

0.00

Social phobia

31.22

2.70

25.47

3.72

37.67

4.29

31.90

6.46

32.31

4.20

26.80

4.97

#39.49

12.20

Specific phobia

85.28

5.31

65.24

6.26

107.70

7.65

105.29

13.05

84.07

7.75

79.65

9.03

58.77

15.02

Generalized anxiety

22.31

2.43

15.96

3.28

29.41

3.51

21.49

5.01

26.27

3.92

18.05

4.02

#12.82

6.61

Pathological gambling

#1.37

0.48

#1.56

0.76

#1.16

0.60

#3.50

1.96

#0.56

0.41

#1.65

0.98

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

14.31

1.87

20.92

3.19

6.92

1.64

16.31

3.69

13.61

2.94

15.48

4.02

#8.80

5.32

Antisocial personality disorder

41.61

3.39

61.87

5.84

18.94

2.91

73.89

9.85

44.56

5.37

21.40

4.82

#8.59

8.42

Avoidant personality disorder

25.93

2.67

25.88

4.39

26.00

3.65

30.86

5.55

27.84

4.39

21.17

4.92

#17.02

8.09

Dependent personality disorder

5.32

1.38

#4.82

2.32

5.87

1.66

#7.21

2.80

#6.89

2.55

#1.55

1.13

#3.66

3.65

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

90.28

5.10

86.35

7.30

94.68

6.56

81.47

10.18

96.68

7.40

83.88

8.96

95.08

16.67

Paranoid personality disorder

46.04

3.38

41.74

4.68

50.87

4.73

68.85

8.76

48.90

4.90

28.68

5.23

#29.85

9.75

Schizoid personality disorder

32.26

3.15

36.44

4.94

27.58

3.63

33.06

6.37

38.42

4.62

22.80

5.57

#23.19

8.73

Histrionic personality disorder

28.24

2.92

30.43

4.41

25.79

3.35

46.06

7.32

30.92

4.58

13.56

3.44

#16.89

6.29

1st degree relatives only

                           

Alcohol abuse

71.18

5.44

98.50

8.80

42.84

5.62

122.27

22.36

89.36

10.84

58.78

8.23

32.49

8.27

Alcohol dependence

44.77

4.64

59.32

7.20

29.66

4.73

149.61

27.22

51.54

7.38

31.91

6.03

#4.52

2.26

Nicotine dependence

168.63

8.99

173.62

12.43

163.45

11.69

227.44

30.13

195.13

16.08

172.38

14.16

71.41

11.60

Drug abuse

16.74

3.20

26.91

5.86

#6.18

2.11

112.41

25.10

#11.57

4.54

#7.25

2.86

0.00

0.00

Drug dependence

#5.04

1.78

#8.28

3.30

#1.68

1.19

#47.90

18.74

#1.16

1.16

#1.23

1.06

0.00

0.00

Major depression

78.37

5.93

58.73

6.88

98.75

8.73

197.73

30.67

74.57

9.20

75.76

8.42

31.02

7.34

Dysthymia

18.74

2.75

11.45

2.99

26.31

4.53

#19.29

7.22

18.05

4.76

23.76

4.65

#8.73

4.59

Manic disorder

16.86

2.57

13.77

3.16

20.07

3.96

49.28

14.60

20.65

5.21

10.44

2.52

#6.15

2.97

Hypomanic disorder

10.99

2.14

#11.11

3.51

10.86

2.65

#26.52

10.26

16.78

4.76

#6.40

2.19

#0.44

0.45

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

15.14

2.34

8.17

2.19

22.38

4.31

#34.79

12.66

12.73

3.38

17.98

4.13

#3.96

2.36

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.32

1.50

#0.57

0.46

10.25

3.04

0.00

0.00

#6.77

3.16

#7.49

2.56

0.00

0.00

Social phobia

29.56

3.71

24.88

4.99

34.41

5.71

#38.15

14.77

31.00

6.68

34.65

6.37

#10.54

4.29

Specific phobia

78.15

5.52

51.36

5.82

105.96

8.88

92.29

20.33

69.38

8.63

92.79

10.97

57.44

9.67

Generalized anxiety

20.72

2.84

10.82

2.97

30.99

4.87

#17.24

8.43

24.98

5.51

21.89

4.46

#10.49

4.73

Pathological gambling

#1.80

0.66

#1.01

0.71

#2.62

1.13

#1.87

1.87

#2.20

1.17

#2.19

1.28

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

12.75

3.08

#16.02

4.94

9.36

2.50

#32.48

14.39

14.38

4.11

#10.94

5.23

#3.06

2.30

Antisocial personality disorder

44.41

4.70

71.12

8.43

16.69

3.78

93.02

20.34

52.66

9.18

36.78

6.39

#18.21

8.10

Avoidant personality disorder

21.34

3.11

19.74

4.00

22.99

4.37

#36.28

11.14

22.94

6.45

20.82

4.35

#11.25

4.76

Dependent personality disorder

#3.12

1.24

#0.96

0.76

#5.36

2.41

#5.79

4.31

#3.12

2.49

#1.36

0.81

#5.65

4.08

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

94.73

6.64

89.96

9.26

99.67

8.72

70.87

18.22

115.92

12.40

84.66

9.83

82.85

13.10

Paranoid personality disorder

46.60

4.59

42.03

6.03

51.34

6.29

88.07

18.87

72.49

9.93

25.22

4.46

#15.96

5.00

Schizoid personality disorder

30.14

3.50

34.73

5.52

25.37

4.06

75.51

21.68

26.50

4.88

27.16

5.45

#21.42

7.08

Histrionic personality disorder

20.11

3.12

16.71

3.61

23.65

5.15

#43.84

14.29

28.26

6.17

10.88

3.15

#10.58

4.57

Both 1st and 2nd degree relatives

                           

Alcohol abuse

90.00

4.56

124.45

8.53

62.31

4.50

91.68

10.90

105.54

7.23

74.51

7.60

48.60

11.93

Alcohol dependence

103.89

5.11

144.79

8.44

71.01

6.24

250.57

17.99

104.38

8.51

57.31

6.22

#17.25

6.81

Nicotine dependence

254.93

8.13

269.20

12.00

243.46

9.56

390.17

19.50

277.25

12.87

199.99

12.28

75.06

14.44

Drug abuse

55.26

3.73

79.13

6.88

36.07

3.89

178.32

16.67

50.69

5.00

18.79

3.89

#5.91

3.91

Drug dependence

21.71

2.24

34.09

4.57

11.77

2.02

69.77

10.87

16.63

2.99

11.88

3.45

#5.14

3.84

Major depression

135.90

5.23

90.44

6.74

172.44

8.14

207.20

16.04

138.33

7.66

120.02

9.65

45.66

10.63

Dysthymia

33.13

3.04

20.28

3.37

43.45

4.74

30.93

6.72

38.48

4.59

31.34

5.43

#7.68

3.38

Manic disorder

36.99

2.91

35.69

4.52

38.05

3.60

65.07

9.47

39.91

4.47

26.48

4.22

#7.71

4.62

Hypomanic disorder

22.85

2.33

25.02

4.00

21.10

2.69

74.84

12.32

21.76

3.24

5.81

1.63

#3.74

3.21

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

32.46

2.99

25.99

3.89

37.66

4.39

30.24

7.33

38.48

4.76

28.51

4.72

#12.57

6.21

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

11.71

1.54

7.22

1.77

15.32

2.22

#16.17

5.60

14.22

2.55

7.62

1.98

#3.93

2.81

Social phobia

49.93

3.76

35.75

4.59

61.33

5.21

70.81

10.69

51.66

5.29

43.88

5.97

22.95

6.71

Specific phobia

118.54

5.24

78.09

7.29

151.06

7.18

143.05

14.53

129.52

8.26

100.31

8.10

75.58

14.12

Generalized anxiety

38.87

2.76

25.45

3.53

49.65

4.23

29.19

6.10

47.73

4.82

34.98

4.78

#13.86

5.85

Pathological gambling

3.63

0.88

#4.98

1.54

#2.54

0.94

#8.72

4.03

#2.91

1.01

#3.24

1.45

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

16.08

2.10

19.46

3.25

13.36

2.48

29.56

6.35

13.79

2.70

16.23

3.99

#3.79

2.70

Antisocial personality disorder

91.98

5.13

137.01

9.45

55.79

4.89

172.31

14.62

95.03

7.28

69.68

8.55

#9.22

4.32

Avoidant personality disorder

46.65

3.56

32.68

4.94

57.88

5.19

62.31

10.27

56.90

5.75

31.96

4.97

#10.47

4.83

Dependent personality disorder

9.44

1.47

8.32

2.36

10.33

1.84

18.73

5.43

9.38

1.81

#7.11

2.86

#1.54

1.54

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

144.10

5.48

151.16

8.82

138.43

7.14

141.21

15.47

153.52

8.24

136.36

9.19

119.30

17.70

Paranoid personality disorder

98.10

4.87

90.19

7.28

104.46

6.29

174.81

15.28

109.89

7.20

63.56

7.15

#18.46

5.57

Schizoid personality disorder

60.97

3.62

60.86

5.79

61.05

4.81

105.85

13.84

60.02

5.61

51.34

6.06

#20.31

7.09

Histrionic personality disorder

43.56

3.11

48.83

5.09

39.32

3.69

116.31

14.50

38.89

3.98

26.20

4.52

#8.48

4.26

#Relative standard error >0.3.

1Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year.


SOURCE: NIAAA 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

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