Table 3-10. Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex and age group, according to alcoholic beverage preference in the past year, among current drinkers,2 United States, 2001–2002.

Alcoholic beverage preference
and psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Age group

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

18–24 years

25–44 years

45–64 years

65 years and older

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Coolers

                           

Alcohol abuse

27.23

5.64

#43.17

15.78

22.44

5.58

39.40

11.27

31.02

8.78

#5.57

4.90

0.00

0.00

Alcohol dependence

22.73

4.55

#32.32

11.63

19.85

4.37

62.45

14.33

#12.00

3.95

#0.71

0.71

0.00

0.00

Nicotine dependence

143.69

12.84

142.67

27.27

144.00

13.79

159.13

21.49

148.58

19.41

123.93

23.14

#51.31

37.85

Drug abuse

20.09

4.01

#32.47

11.78

16.38

3.92

#33.51

10.85

19.53

5.40

#4.57

2.97

#15.76

15.74

Drug dependence

9.86

2.85

#16.98

8.64

#7.72

2.66

#15.04

6.99

#10.00

3.97

#1.93

1.38

#15.76

15.74

Major depression

118.83

10.91

60.25

16.55

136.43

13.40

165.76

22.64

114.99

13.92

80.09

19.97

#23.29

17.51

Dysthymia

27.86

5.03

#16.64

11.11

31.23

5.99

#28.22

10.51

35.64

8.48

#10.76

4.79

#7.53

7.58

Manic disorder

28.46

5.04

#17.25

10.06

31.83

5.84

#39.23

12.50

28.80

6.93

#15.29

6.92

#15.76

15.74

Hypomanic disorder

24.95

4.96

#25.69

11.89

24.73

5.04

#41.37

13.34

25.93

6.83

#4.43

4.47

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

29.80

5.55

#18.78

8.59

33.12

6.62

#31.71

11.04

35.74

9.07

#16.56

7.02

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

#6.08

2.11

0.00

0.00

#7.90

2.75

#3.56

2.70

#8.96

3.90

#0.88

0.89

#15.58

15.56

Social phobia

43.20

6.63

#33.38

11.09

46.15

8.02

58.51

14.08

32.57

7.99

51.31

13.23

#31.34

22.11

Specific phobia

107.11

10.11

57.83

14.96

121.91

12.48

109.01

20.16

94.02

12.12

126.23

25.20

#187.90

71.01

Generalized anxiety

25.56

4.83

#10.51

5.46

30.09

5.97

#35.91

13.08

22.27

5.40

22.71

5.50

#7.53

7.58

Pathological gambling

#1.83

0.92

0.00

0.00

#2.39

1.20

#1.42

1.42

#2.63

1.65

#0.64

0.64

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

13.23

3.77

#34.10

14.71

#6.95

2.31

#25.22

9.09

#12.01

5.84

#2.38

1.41

0.00

0.00

Antisocial personality disorder

45.25

7.13

91.21

21.50

31.44

5.50

63.59

13.78

40.56

9.69

#39.16

15.82

0.00

0.00

Avoidant personality disorder

49.50

6.86

#24.62

8.73

56.98

8.52

65.60

15.54

46.64

8.64

#38.21

12.16

#30.43

21.49

Dependent personality disorder

#6.71

2.57

#2.31

2.32

#8.03

3.26

#6.44

5.47

#8.22

4.04

#4.20

3.08

0.00

0.00

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

91.67

9.12

82.81

21.69

94.33

10.31

81.52

16.76

93.65

13.02

101.80

19.59

#78.26

42.59

Paranoid personality disorder

76.80

8.45

54.42

13.35

83.53

9.96

123.52

18.65

74.10

11.81

#30.82

11.07

#15.76

15.74

Schizoid personality disorder

44.29

5.66

#29.67

12.15

48.69

6.59

48.58

10.86

45.83

7.78

#36.53

15.21

#32.04

31.47

Histrionic personality disorder

22.11

3.96

#30.69

10.35

19.53

4.24

37.25

9.73

20.98

5.93

#6.00

3.88

#15.76

15.74

Beer

                           

Alcohol abuse

104.66

4.76

117.20

5.49

67.40

6.18

127.04

12.50

115.71

6.82

86.37

7.43

52.30

9.60

Alcohol dependence

77.84

3.94

80.49

4.13

69.97

7.53

180.59

13.18

76.75

5.31

44.41

4.75

#5.97

2.78

Nicotine dependence

194.33

7.03

179.94

7.35

237.07

11.28

267.86

16.03

198.54

9.71

183.20

11.11

62.25

10.12

Drug abuse

32.76

2.36

35.96

2.78

23.27

3.89

95.22

10.93

30.84

3.13

11.43

2.94

#1.38

1.04

Drug dependence

9.20

1.27

10.57

1.57

#5.13

1.61

29.88

5.22

6.93

1.75

#4.84

2.19

0.00

0.00

Major depression

63.30

3.06

47.87

3.16

109.13

7.09

96.28

9.37

60.35

4.05

62.05

6.00

23.28

5.77

Dysthymia

15.27

1.53

10.82

1.55

28.50

3.85

18.95

4.03

16.05

2.30

13.76

2.63

#8.28

2.88

Manic disorder

19.53

1.76

18.21

2.03

23.48

3.73

37.50

5.89

19.17

2.63

15.37

3.46

#1.99

1.97

Hypomanic disorder

12.92

1.63

13.36

2.02

11.61

2.37

36.40

7.48

9.85

1.69

#9.38

3.07

#0.68

0.48

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

15.40

1.59

10.83

1.70

28.98

4.18

13.79

4.10

15.94

1.95

18.78

4.17

#2.58

1.49

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.52

0.95

3.40

0.97

11.81

2.39

#8.09

3.50

5.49

1.31

5.70

1.54

0.00

0.00

Social phobia

25.53

2.15

20.51

2.15

40.46

5.06

23.72

4.94

25.88

3.07

28.79

4.25

#14.84

5.32

Specific phobia

65.09

3.45

49.79

3.47

110.52

7.81

72.98

9.05

68.79

4.85

62.82

5.34

32.68

6.29

Generalized anxiety

17.78

1.81

12.26

1.67

34.20

4.47

15.94

3.85

20.53

2.68

16.89

2.96

#5.93

3.18

Pathological gambling

2.04

0.55

2.21

0.66

#1.51

0.73

#6.28

2.84

#0.78

0.37

#2.66

1.04

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

12.17

1.61

14.32

2.05

#5.81

1.81

21.79

4.54

11.14

2.14

10.99

3.10

#4.66

2.46

Antisocial personality disorder

50.84

2.89

57.59

3.69

30.82

4.16

90.06

8.90

53.87

4.26

33.34

4.87

#17.31

7.27

Avoidant personality disorder

22.30

2.03

18.97

2.32

32.21

4.33

26.15

5.05

25.49

3.11

18.47

3.36

#7.08

3.16

Dependent personality disorder

4.35

0.95

3.68

1.02

#6.34

2.31

#8.58

3.00

#4.01

1.30

#3.65

1.97

#0.87

0.87

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

78.63

3.88

75.72

4.28

87.29

7.61

73.91

8.97

82.10

5.45

82.80

6.93

49.04

9.64

Paranoid personality disorder

47.07

2.78

40.75

3.27

65.83

5.89

70.00

8.82

49.22

3.93

40.10

5.42

#12.97

3.97

Schizoid personality disorder

31.90

2.42

29.81

2.68

38.12

5.01

35.75

5.96

33.16

3.39

31.64

4.88

16.71

4.88

Histrionic personality disorder

22.38

1.74

21.75

2.14

24.26

3.22

43.50

6.63

22.36

2.47

15.90

3.34

#4.78

2.13

Wine

                           

Alcohol abuse

24.88

3.05

29.86

6.29

22.97

3.19

#18.50

9.96

29.94

5.74

30.08

5.04

#8.12

2.92

Alcohol dependence

12.01

2.03

#12.21

4.38

11.93

2.21

#17.61

12.52

23.72

4.13

8.64

2.46

0.00

0.00

Nicotine dependence

68.84

4.53

62.97

7.38

71.10

5.71

#66.74

21.15

87.27

9.36

74.34

6.53

30.51

6.63

Drug abuse

6.37

1.50

#10.73

3.62

#4.70

1.42

#34.82

17.45

#12.43

3.95

#2.23

1.10

0.00

0.00

Drug dependence

#1.52

0.66

#2.70

1.91

#1.07

0.56

#9.43

9.43

#3.54

1.68

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Major depression

60.53

4.55

37.17

6.58

69.48

5.54

93.28

26.81

77.07

8.01

60.70

6.83

28.91

5.67

Dysthymia

15.50

2.17

#10.69

3.81

17.34

2.76

#18.63

10.17

18.99

4.05

16.11

3.92

#8.42

2.97

Manic disorder

9.62

1.59

#8.81

3.06

9.93

1.87

#29.97

13.48

11.17

3.19

9.92

2.33

#2.74

1.67

Hypomanic disorder

9.46

1.34

#10.33

3.40

9.13

1.42

#54.44

19.05

15.54

3.18

#4.08

1.43

#2.34

1.63

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

9.85

1.69

#9.31

3.24

10.07

1.94

#15.44

10.20

12.60

3.29

8.99

2.46

#6.36

2.82

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.70

1.06

#1.36

0.82

7.37

1.47

#9.44

7.20

8.85

2.61

5.81

1.72

0.00

0.00

Social phobia

21.92

2.77

18.23

4.27

23.33

3.22

#40.94

18.95

25.11

4.71

20.59

3.99

16.06

4.03

Specific phobia

79.48

5.65

38.67

6.10

95.12

6.69

87.43

24.63

89.45

9.25

80.17

7.95

61.55

8.64

Generalized anxiety

17.85

2.14

#7.51

2.58

21.82

2.81

#2.93

2.95

27.75

5.14

16.89

3.33

#7.77

3.25

Pathological gambling

#0.89

0.39

#1.18

0.79

#0.78

0.35

#1.36

1.37

#0.95

0.66

#1.11

0.78

#0.26

0.25

Conduct disorder

7.59

1.57

16.84

4.85

#4.05

1.31

#16.98

11.31

#6.63

2.32

#9.17

3.02

#4.05

2.30

Antisocial personality disorder

14.21

1.98

23.28

5.56

10.73

1.89

#60.18

21.71

22.70

4.27

#9.32

2.92

#2.25

1.97

Avoidant personality disorder

18.50

2.45

#10.01

3.65

21.75

3.04

#39.73

19.10

26.00

5.39

16.25

3.40

#7.56

3.13

Dependent personality disorder

3.18

0.91

#1.48

1.13

#3.83

1.19

#6.33

6.30

#2.92

1.55

#2.26

1.03

#4.81

2.84

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

85.43

5.08

90.24

9.48

83.58

5.85

#82.01

24.65

98.23

10.06

82.76

7.58

72.14

8.54

Paranoid personality disorder

29.14

3.21

21.62

5.13

32.03

3.60

#70.03

24.83

36.40

6.42

29.40

4.49

9.75

2.85

Schizoid personality disorder

19.66

2.16

19.23

4.42

19.83

2.34

#14.64

9.30

23.48

4.80

22.33

3.23

#9.53

3.39

Histrionic personality disorder

14.34

2.13

13.61

3.71

14.62

2.41

#35.43

16.35

18.29

4.11

13.00

2.63

#6.97

2.78

Liquor

                           

Alcohol abuse

50.75

5.73

77.71

11.40

29.57

4.96

68.85

18.57

60.84

10.52

48.55

8.68

#23.74

7.32

Alcohol dependence

53.62

5.19

75.62

9.03

36.33

6.00

101.52

20.74

60.57

10.18

52.41

9.67

#10.08

5.00

Nicotine dependence

189.90

10.32

201.56

16.18

180.74

13.16

170.47

26.34

223.50

18.52

229.08

19.15

74.26

13.24

Drug abuse

31.80

5.55

44.30

10.18

21.99

4.70

108.23

25.41

#25.44

9.93

#24.56

8.28

#3.31

3.25

Drug dependence

#9.86

3.80

#18.97

8.36

#2.70

1.43

#20.68

12.83

#13.30

9.27

#7.64

3.45

0.00

0.00

Major depression

94.84

6.68

67.51

8.48

116.30

10.24

185.50

26.02

121.69

13.78

72.54

11.88

#22.15

8.18

Dysthymia

23.49

3.54

18.88

5.16

27.12

4.69

#39.47

12.59

25.04

5.27

23.59

6.64

#9.51

5.52

Manic disorder

14.38

2.73

#12.10

3.88

16.16

3.69

#24.87

11.78

20.41

5.28

#11.32

4.00

#1.46

1.47

Hypomanic disorder

11.59

2.44

#11.51

4.31

11.66

2.81

#32.58

10.14

#18.32

5.98

#2.88

1.41

0.00

0.00

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

21.74

4.16

#8.49

3.19

32.14

6.69

#24.91

10.32

36.98

9.44

#15.25

5.04

#3.05

3.06

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

8.41

2.07

#1.58

1.11

13.77

3.66

0.00

0.00

#17.75

5.61

#4.96

2.42

#3.17

2.19

Social phobia

29.91

4.22

12.07

3.58

43.92

6.78

44.07

12.42

39.13

8.69

22.66

6.09

#15.93

5.92

Specific phobia

77.17

7.33

46.27

8.98

101.45

10.64

99.94

21.77

94.60

14.69

66.90

10.83

47.57

11.32

Generalized anxiety

26.78

4.30

#21.31

7.15

31.07

5.73

#16.15

7.14

44.41

10.51

24.52

5.93

#5.91

3.57

Pathological gambling

#2.86

1.30

#2.21

1.25

#3.38

2.09

#11.06

7.76

0.00

0.00

#2.98

2.06

#2.23

2.23

Conduct disorder

11.00

2.48

#13.53

4.34

#9.01

2.77

#24.76

10.54

#12.60

4.29

#8.68

4.05

#2.62

1.93

Antisocial personality disorder

54.06

6.75

78.81

11.86

34.61

6.44

71.26

18.79

61.68

14.37

68.00

11.34

#4.17

3.05

Avoidant personality disorder

31.19

4.78

28.26

7.95

33.50

6.25

58.90

12.66

50.54

10.92

#15.61

4.69

#3.91

2.87

Dependent personality disorder

#7.54

2.94

#9.26

5.77

#6.18

2.69

#12.13

6.92

#14.46

7.77

#1.49

1.10

#2.23

2.23

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

98.30

7.87

98.56

11.70

98.10

10.05

96.57

18.30

131.30

15.69

74.07

11.16

81.42

14.23

Paranoid personality disorder

51.54

5.92

42.40

9.40

58.72

7.15

107.39

20.18

76.59

12.98

26.83

6.17

#10.29

4.62

Schizoid personality disorder

39.47

5.17

43.48

8.65

36.31

6.11

55.27

16.56

51.11

10.54

32.88

7.92

#18.79

6.62

Histrionic personality disorder

32.87

5.45

#22.12

7.24

41.32

7.50

80.86

19.23

44.27

10.42

#13.76

5.67

#12.19

5.64

No preference

                           

Alcohol abuse

70.23

3.59

89.88

5.80

51.91

3.75

94.07

8.84

83.90

5.62

49.48

5.02

29.11

5.40

Alcohol dependence

66.46

3.25

87.77

5.24

46.59

3.56

205.23

12.17

54.23

4.37

26.12

3.82

#8.21

2.83

Nicotine dependence

148.35

5.23

149.36

7.59

147.42

6.82

230.07

13.50

159.91

8.33

119.72

8.07

41.99

7.60

Drug abuse

33.04

2.53

41.90

3.81

24.78

2.76

117.04

10.48

24.92

3.13

8.46

2.21

#1.59

1.58

Drug dependence

11.45

1.30

13.94

2.16

9.13

1.58

38.76

6.34

8.11

1.56

#4.40

1.41

#1.59

1.58

Major depression

83.97

3.36

52.63

3.88

113.21

5.53

136.55

10.92

87.46

5.57

68.25

5.90

25.62

4.80

Dysthymia

18.50

1.80

11.80

2.03

24.75

2.82

17.78

4.29

20.76

2.84

18.99

3.35

#7.81

2.67

Manic disorder

19.26

1.67

16.12

2.19

22.20

2.41

44.54

6.84

18.64

2.39

10.27

2.22

#6.18

2.42

Hypomanic disorder

16.60

1.65

16.90

2.52

16.32

2.23

44.93

6.15

15.95

2.49

#6.22

1.87

#2.60

2.61

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

15.87

1.52

10.03

1.82

21.32

2.46

15.63

4.21

17.17

2.43

18.08

3.01

#3.54

1.88

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

4.73

0.84

#2.68

0.90

6.63

1.26

#5.81

2.41

5.37

1.32

#4.34

1.33

#1.05

1.04

Social phobia

31.41

2.23

24.33

3.00

38.03

3.40

40.83

6.13

33.79

3.75

28.33

3.75

#13.71

4.17

Specific phobia

78.37

3.53

47.30

4.09

107.35

5.43

96.69

9.07

81.72

5.25

75.18

5.62

41.28

7.10

Generalized anxiety

24.49

1.90

13.82

2.17

34.44

3.16

21.51

4.10

29.22

3.12

24.24

3.43

#8.44

3.39

Pathological gambling

2.14

0.49

3.21

0.91

#1.15

0.48

#1.82

1.13

#2.49

0.82

#2.49

0.99

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

12.78

1.35

15.32

2.16

10.42

1.78

16.87

3.80

13.38

1.88

12.61

3.27

#3.60

2.08

Antisocial personality disorder

46.75

2.95

69.21

5.30

25.80

2.69

80.30

8.03

53.71

5.08

31.58

4.07

#3.14

1.87

Avoidant personality disorder

21.87

1.76

17.62

2.10

25.83

2.71

29.02

4.78

26.17

3.02

15.99

2.81

#7.54

3.06

Dependent personality disorder

4.05

0.69

#2.68

0.88

5.33

1.00

10.08

2.56

3.42

0.80

#2.70

1.24

#0.76

0.75

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

91.57

4.35

90.93

5.67

92.16

5.54

84.04

8.57

107.81

7.04

79.32

6.76

66.31

8.18

Paranoid personality disorder

51.06

3.13

43.49

4.11

58.13

4.03

79.10

8.20

64.05

5.36

26.63

3.66

17.03

4.90

Schizoid personality disorder

33.56

2.45

38.11

3.48

29.32

3.02

59.84

8.91

31.94

3.02

24.08

3.59

24.85

5.36

Histrionic personality disorder

24.99

1.89

24.00

2.87

25.91

2.72

54.89

6.91

26.03

3.13

12.16

2.47

#7.91

2.92

#Relative standard error >0.3.

1Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year.


SOURCE: NIAAA 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

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