Table 3-1. Rate per 1,000 population of selected DSM-IV psychiatric disorders,1 by sex and age group, according to drinking status2 in the past year, United States, 2001–2002.

Drinking status and
psychiatric disorders

Both sexes/
ages 18 and older

Sex

Age group

Estimate

S.E.

Male

Female

18–24 years

25–44 years

45–64 years

65 years and older

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Estimate

S.E.

Total

                           

Alcohol abuse

46.51

1.82

69.33

2.78

25.51

1.57

67.28

4.77

62.47

3.01

35.39

2.50

12.13

1.49

Alcohol dependence

38.06

1.36

54.18

2.13

23.23

1.33

116.47

6.03

41.98

2.11

18.89

1.50

2.38

0.57

Nicotine dependence

127.60

3.90

141.47

4.72

114.83

4.05

171.82

7.22

149.93

6.12

126.13

4.88

40.44

2.50

Drug abuse

13.75

0.78

19.57

1.22

8.39

0.86

48.63

3.91

14.64

1.22

4.69

0.76

#0.97

0.37

Drug dependence

6.26

0.51

8.70

0.96

4.01

0.43

21.80

2.35

5.99

0.91

3.11

0.67

#0.49

0.26

Major depression

70.65

1.96

48.72

2.01

90.82

3.02

109.37

6.00

75.45

2.88

69.81

3.07

29.51

2.25

Dysthymia

18.32

0.93

12.17

0.97

23.98

1.45

17.45

2.14

20.16

1.46

19.71

1.47

11.90

1.60

Manic disorder

16.57

0.81

15.13

0.95

17.89

1.18

34.64

3.45

18.31

1.32

13.56

1.33

3.59

0.70

Hypomanic disorder

11.61

0.67

12.43

1.06

10.86

0.80

36.99

3.87

12.29

0.93

5.04

0.83

2.23

0.63

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

15.47

0.73

9.59

0.82

20.88

1.25

15.11

2.11

18.09

1.35

16.50

1.35

7.39

1.17

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.64

0.46

2.94

0.50

8.12

0.70

4.79

1.26

7.54

0.85

6.06

0.73

#0.87

0.35

Social phobia

27.51

1.26

21.09

1.38

33.41

1.75

34.40

3.15

29.63

1.93

28.07

1.95

15.72

1.60

Specific phobia

71.30

2.58

45.56

2.23

94.97

3.67

80.65

4.97

76.93

3.54

73.89

3.30

45.07

2.94

Generalized anxiety

20.57

1.01

12.59

1.09

27.91

1.54

17.64

2.15

25.13

1.75

21.42

1.54

10.14

1.25

Pathological gambling

1.60

0.22

2.06

0.35

1.17

0.27

#3.05

0.93

1.49

0.35

1.73

0.38

#0.44

0.27

Conduct disorder

10.53

0.71

14.87

1.23

6.54

0.61

19.62

1.93

10.89

0.98

9.74

1.44

3.91

0.81

Antisocial personality disorder

36.34

1.46

55.27

2.53

18.92

1.09

66.52

4.13

44.95

2.37

28.55

2.14

6.04

1.21

Avoidant personality disorder

23.55

1.12

19.13

1.37

27.62

1.57

34.69

3.11

28.39

1.87

20.81

1.47

8.05

1.10

Dependent personality disorder

4.92

0.48

3.67

0.73

6.06

0.61

9.44

1.59

5.07

0.74

3.88

0.70

2.91

0.71

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

78.81

2.32

78.71

2.78

78.89

2.68

77.74

4.37

89.53

3.63

79.30

3.19

52.50

3.02

Paranoid personality disorder

44.14

1.53

38.28

2.01

49.54

1.96

71.88

4.43

52.74

2.55

35.47

2.31

17.52

1.71

Schizoid personality disorder

31.26

1.25

31.84

1.76

30.73

1.44

45.77

3.82

33.19

1.88

30.18

2.02

17.00

1.72

Histrionic personality disorder

18.42

0.88

18.87

1.30

18.00

1.08

43.26

3.77

20.64

1.34

11.82

1.14

5.75

0.89

Current drinker

                           

Alcohol abuse

71.07

2.61

96.53

3.82

42.83

2.49

95.05

6.43

85.66

3.91

55.06

3.81

26.91

3.26

Alcohol dependence

58.16

2.10

75.43

2.99

39.00

2.21

164.52

8.00

57.57

2.94

29.38

2.28

5.28

1.26

Nicotine dependence

154.87

4.50

160.82

5.56

148.26

5.07

224.27

8.88

170.47

6.51

139.48

5.80

47.92

3.82

Drug abuse

18.97

1.15

24.47

1.68

12.87

1.38

65.60

5.32

18.00

1.57

5.55

1.03

#0.80

0.52

Drug dependence

8.81

0.75

11.69

1.30

5.61

0.70

30.26

3.31

7.55

1.22

3.74

0.98

#0.68

0.51

Major depression

75.61

2.30

50.12

2.43

103.89

3.77

126.43

7.06

79.16

3.17

65.39

3.50

25.57

2.79

Dysthymia

17.79

1.03

11.82

1.18

24.41

1.68

21.01

2.86

19.84

1.56

16.80

1.84

8.35

1.73

Manic disorder

17.87

0.97

16.29

1.22

19.63

1.42

39.17

4.27

18.72

1.59

12.08

1.41

3.58

1.02

Hypomanic disorder

14.16

0.94

14.38

1.40

13.92

1.22

40.92

4.63

14.20

1.23

6.37

1.22

#1.66

0.97

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

15.96

0.89

10.47

1.06

22.06

1.54

17.31

2.59

18.57

1.45

15.92

1.79

4.07

1.19

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

5.55

0.52

2.79

0.60

8.60

0.83

6.14

1.65

6.86

0.89

5.04

0.79

#0.97

0.59

Social phobia

28.29

1.50

21.24

1.63

36.11

2.28

36.59

4.00

29.82

2.14

27.02

2.30

15.26

2.33

Specific phobia

75.30

2.69

47.99

2.70

105.59

3.90

89.02

6.08

78.98

3.56

73.50

3.66

48.40

4.36

Generalized anxiety

21.28

1.18

12.93

1.28

30.53

1.89

19.61

2.73

26.08

1.85

20.21

1.85

7.27

1.64

Pathological gambling

1.94

0.29

2.38

0.45

1.45

0.34

#4.12

1.30

1.46

0.35

2.21

0.53

#0.40

0.32

Conduct disorder

11.59

0.84

15.27

1.32

7.52

0.87

20.16

2.36

11.53

1.21

10.59

1.67

3.80

1.13

Antisocial personality disorder

43.41

1.88

60.59

3.12

24.35

1.65

80.52

5.21

49.81

2.94

30.63

2.65

#6.32

1.94

Avoidant personality disorder

23.74

1.26

18.55

1.58

29.51

1.94

34.53

3.58

28.73

2.10

17.59

1.73

7.23

1.78

Dependent personality disorder

4.45

0.51

3.53

0.72

5.47

0.79

9.14

1.71

4.62

0.80

2.84

0.81

#2.24

0.98

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

86.55

2.77

83.54

3.47

89.88

3.27

80.93

5.30

96.89

4.29

81.54

3.83

66.35

4.70

Paranoid personality disorder

47.50

1.88

40.41

2.32

55.36

2.56

82.04

5.58

56.19

2.90

31.69

2.43

12.83

2.17

Schizoid personality disorder

31.77

1.44

32.47

2.02

31.00

1.74

47.30

4.57

33.55

2.16

27.31

2.37

17.40

2.62

Histrionic personality disorder

22.83

1.14

22.00

1.51

23.74

1.54

49.99

4.29

24.51

1.67

13.46

1.50

7.59

1.53

Former drinker

                           

Alcohol abuse

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Alcohol dependence

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Nicotine dependence

120.37

5.66

130.17

8.29

112.00

6.38

76.30

15.80

157.27

11.92

149.57

8.90

47.18

4.71

Drug abuse

4.76

0.93

7.85

1.88

#2.13

0.74

#15.45

6.74

#7.36

2.30

#3.34

1.28

#1.47

0.91

Drug dependence

1.94

0.52

#1.74

0.77

#2.12

0.74

#0.79

0.58

#2.51

1.09

#2.58

1.07

#0.65

0.40

Major depression

78.56

4.06

57.01

5.39

96.96

5.67

65.30

13.56

88.39

8.28

102.52

7.83

37.08

4.76

Dysthymia

25.01

2.18

16.80

2.64

32.02

2.93

#13.28

6.36

26.99

4.18

31.05

3.60

16.90

3.28

Manic disorder

18.92

2.09

13.41

2.26

23.62

3.35

#21.53

8.00

24.88

3.70

23.29

4.17

#5.52

1.78

Hypomanic disorder

6.31

0.97

6.76

1.64

5.92

1.17

#26.81

9.29

9.57

2.36

#2.85

0.89

#2.99

1.16

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

19.40

2.16

10.73

2.16

26.80

3.38

#9.71

4.83

21.84

3.88

24.54

3.94

11.60

2.54

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

8.00

1.10

4.31

1.28

11.15

1.69

#1.87

1.84

12.57

2.44

10.10

2.03

#1.19

0.77

Social phobia

30.99

2.39

22.63

3.33

38.12

3.70

38.13

10.54

38.34

4.96

32.54

3.68

18.91

3.16

Specific phobia

78.64

4.48

48.31

4.06

104.52

6.86

82.64

15.80

89.99

8.21

92.45

6.77

45.72

5.20

Generalized anxiety

24.96

2.28

16.15

3.18

32.47

3.43

#17.29

6.21

32.17

5.10

29.55

4.03

11.99

2.37

Pathological gambling

#1.73

0.65

#1.77

0.71

#1.69

0.99

#1.74

1.42

#2.80

1.78

#1.43

0.61

#0.91

0.82

Conduct disorder

10.41

1.67

14.37

2.57

7.03

1.88

#34.92

12.17

12.34

3.14

8.89

2.43

#5.09

1.72

Antisocial personality disorder

36.82

2.91

57.10

5.09

19.51

2.89

60.47

15.11

51.22

6.18

40.12

4.59

10.75

2.76

Avoidant personality disorder

26.88

2.25

23.61

3.34

29.68

2.96

#38.53

11.62

34.98

4.58

31.14

4.07

9.26

1.85

Dependent personality disorder

5.07

1.06

#3.78

1.78

6.17

1.36

#19.10

9.63

7.49

2.12

#2.93

1.12

#2.28

1.19

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

80.12

3.95

85.61

5.79

75.44

5.10

72.23

13.87

90.58

7.22

94.40

7.04

50.13

5.10

Paranoid personality disorder

47.25

3.01

41.76

4.55

51.93

4.24

70.65

16.66

57.42

6.34

50.30

5.18

26.41

4.07

Schizoid personality disorder

38.27

2.67

38.54

4.18

38.03

3.49

#39.62

12.00

44.58

4.41

46.39

5.23

19.53

3.31

Histrionic personality disorder

12.99

1.57

13.18

2.55

12.82

2.01

#42.10

14.10

13.21

2.78

12.65

2.22

7.01

2.04

Lifetime abstainer

                           

Alcohol abuse

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Alcohol dependence

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Nicotine dependence

31.54

2.79

37.55

5.37

28.69

2.80

33.66

6.99

33.68

5.42

37.89

5.19

20.45

3.58

Drug abuse

2.95

0.75

5.97

1.76

#1.53

0.77

#4.69

2.20

#3.90

1.35

#2.85

1.82

#0.73

0.51

Drug dependence

#0.91

0.37

#0.14

0.14

#1.27

0.54

#1.49

0.88

#1.12

0.82

#1.14

0.85

0.00

0.00

Major depression

43.93

3.38

28.14

4.34

51.39

4.50

68.96

10.49

43.19

5.83

44.30

5.42

28.08

4.88

Dysthymia

13.66

1.76

7.73

1.82

16.47

2.43

#7.26

2.71

15.22

3.73

16.67

3.15

12.58

3.14

Manic disorder

9.26

1.44

10.40

2.80

8.71

1.54

24.37

5.91

9.74

2.43

6.70

2.01

#1.54

0.67

Hypomanic disorder

7.26

1.26

8.48

2.50

6.69

1.50

27.67

6.65

#4.81

1.57

#2.37

1.05

#2.38

1.25

Panic disorder without agoraphobia

9.67

1.45

#2.46

1.09

13.07

2.07

#9.82

4.01

11.88

2.97

8.07

2.07

#8.52

2.88

Panic disorder with agoraphobia

3.61

0.91

#1.88

0.88

4.43

1.26

#1.39

1.39

#6.20

2.44

#4.92

1.70

#0.36

0.36

Social phobia

21.06

2.37

17.94

3.46

22.53

2.80

25.95

5.66

20.16

4.11

26.43

5.46

13.08

2.79

Specific phobia

48.78

4.05

26.54

4.57

59.29

5.14

52.56

8.42

53.34

7.12

50.47

6.60

38.68

5.03

Generalized anxiety

13.50

1.52

#5.39

1.85

17.33

2.11

#11.31

3.52

13.24

3.55

15.52

2.87

13.06

2.57

Pathological gambling

#0.15

0.12

#0.47

0.37

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

#0.36

0.35

#0.13

0.13

0.00

0.00

Conduct disorder

6.62

1.17

13.09

3.36

3.57

0.82

#12.50

3.84

#6.04

1.88

#7.26

2.95

#2.81

1.28

Antisocial personality disorder

9.07

1.40

19.62

3.49

4.08

0.99

22.84

5.60

13.03

3.01

#4.09

1.61

#0.49

0.49

Avoidant personality disorder

19.48

2.07

16.27

3.56

21.00

2.55

33.88

6.55

20.17

3.65

20.43

3.88

8.15

2.21

Dependent personality disorder

6.53

1.15

#4.35

1.70

7.56

1.48

#7.03

3.11

#5.09

1.61

9.53

2.72

#4.73

1.72

Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder

48.17

3.48

38.81

4.66

52.59

4.47

69.23

8.57

49.39

5.84

49.42

6.37

31.44

5.17

Paranoid personality disorder

28.32

2.79

20.02

4.58

32.24

3.19

39.04

6.02

29.83

4.35

31.46

6.38

15.94

3.75

Schizoid personality disorder

22.31

2.46

18.27

3.84

24.22

2.80

42.92

8.08

20.22

3.84

20.38

3.60

13.58

3.47

Histrionic personality disorder

7.16

1.19

#7.64

2.62

6.94

1.35

21.65

5.85

7.29

1.80

#3.75

1.69

#1.27

0.60

#Relative standard error >0.3.

1Substance use disorders, mood and anxiety disorders, and pathological gambling are past-year diagnoses; conduct and personality disorders are lifetime diagnoses.

2Current drinker: 1 or more drinks in the past year. Former drinker: at least 1 drink in life, but not in the past year. Lifetime abstainer: never had 1 or more drinks in life.


SOURCE: NIAAA 2001–2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions.

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